National youth policies
The information provided on this page is the responsibility of the national representatives on the European Steering Committee for Youth (CDEJ) and does not necessarily reflect the official policy of the Council of Europe or its member states.
The 50 states parties to the European Cultural Convention are invited to send links to their national youth strategies, action plans, or other youth policy measures.
Following the expiry of the 2013-17 Strategy for the State Youth Policy of the Republic of Armenia, the 2018-22 Strategy has been postponed pending a review of the current needs and situation of young people. The Ministry of Sport and Youth Affairs wishes to see a stronger, citizen-centric and more inclusive Strategy. In view of recent constitutional changes, the legal framework is being reviewed to see whether the Republic of Armenia should have a law on youth to meet the needs of young people, youth workers, and other relevant stakeholders. Within the Ministry, there is a commitment to create an enabling environment for civil society, local expertise and citizen engagement. The Ministry is also committed to studying international practice and to synchronising with European youth policy standards by involving impartial, international and comparative expertise and assessment.
The aim of Youth Development Strategy (2015-25) and of the State programme “Azerbaijan Youth in 2017-21” is to achieve the effective implementation of youth policy in Azerbaijan, to promote the active participation of young people in all spheres of society and to support young people's creative and innovative potential.
The State Programme on Education and Youth Policy for 2016-20 is a guiding document for youth policy implementation in Belarus. The objectives in the youth field are to:
- foster young people's active citizenship and participation in civic life and to enhance their feelings of patriotism;
- improve a positive attitude towards traditional family values and responsible parenthood;
- improve healthy lifestyle behaviour among young people;
- prevent negative phenomena in the field of youth;
- romote youth employment and entrepreneurship and to facilitate effective access for young people to the labour market;
- encourage youth involvement in extracurricular activities including volunteering and student work team movement;
- support socially significant initiatives of young people, pupils, students, and self-governance bodies;
- support children’s and youth public associations’ activities.
Source: State Programme on Education and Youth Policy for 2016-20 (Russian only)
In 2018, the Ministry for Demography, Family, Youth and Social Policy established a national working group to draft the new baseline document in the youth field for the next seven years. Priority fields were defined in accordance with national circumstances and taking into account the European Youth Goals. Smaller working groups were assigned to work on each field. The ten priorities are:
- employment and entrepreneurship
- education and lifelong learning
- active youth participation
- social inclusion
- health and sports
- youth in rural areas
- youth and sustainable community development
- youth work
- youth in European and global settings.
Czech National Youth Strategy: http://www.msmt.cz/areas-of-work/sport-and-youth/youth-strategy-2014-2020
Estonia's youth policy is laid down in the Youth Field Development Plan 2014-2020. As the Plan will expire in two years' time, the process of setting new aims for the next strategic period has begun. A 6th Youth Work Forum will take place on 4 and 5 October 2018, during which input will be collected in order to set new goals.
Finnish National youth work and youth policy programme 2020-2023:
The current Youth Act (1285/2016) constitutes the legal basis for the programme. According to the Youth Act the Government shall adopt a national youth work and policy programme every four years. In December 2019, the National youth work and youth policy programme 2020-2023 was adopted by the Government. The aim of the programme is to improve the conditions young people live and grow in. One of the programme’s main goals is to establish the youth policy perspective as part of public sector decision-making. VANUPO (Ministry of Education and Culture) will help the effective use of resources from various sectors.
The national programme includes all young people under the age of 29 as provided in the Youth Act.
Currently in France, public policies on youth aim to create "a trustworthy society". By addressing education and training, young people’s engagement and by promoting their autonomy, governmental policies should lead to “society’s confidence in its young people and young people’s confidence in their society”.*
- The education and training of young people is at the heart of the Government’s youth policies which wants to build a "school of trust" to ensure pupils' success.
- The Government's ambition to strengthen young people's engagement for society is achieved through the development of voluntary work and civic service, notably in the framework of the “duties done” programme and through consideration of the setting up of a “universal military service”.
- Autonomy of young people: These policies address:
- the fight against the renunciation of social rights;
- the territorialisation of youth policies;
- the creation of more synergies between partners.
* Source: speech by the Minister of National Education to the Youth Policy Orientation Council, 29 June 2017
In August 2019 the new LEPL Youth Agency was founded as a part of the Government’s structural reform plan. The Agency's main goal for the next three years is a comprehensive reform of the youth sector in Georgia.
The Youth Agency of Georgia has already developed a three-year fundamental reform strategy and an action plan based on Georgia’s National Youth Policy and it aims at:
- developing inclusive and participatory youth policy work on the national and local level through legislative acts and regulations and through supporting the municipal institutions with the formulation and implementation a municipal youth policy;
- creating more opportunities for young people by providing high quality Youth Work services, non-formal education programmes and information;
- providing grants and capacity building activities for youth organizations;
- enhancing the qualification of youth workers;
- promoting a healthy lifestyle, human rights, tolerance and gender equality.
Two important events were organized in Georgia on the topic of youth participation and youth work:
- an international peer-learning event on strengthening the potential of youth work in Eastern Europe (27-28 November 2019, in Tbilisi, Georgia)
- an international conference “Advancing youth participation in local and regional life” (29 November 2019, Tbilisi, Georgia)
Regarding the implementation of the reform, the first phase was successfully completed in August 2019, the second phase in February 2020, it involved the development of strategic documents and action plans on different directions of the reform, the third phase will be launched in March 2020, with the implementation of pilot projects in selected municipalities of Georgia. The fourth phase will start in the second half of 2021, after the end of the evaluation process of pilot projects implemented in 2020. This fourth phase will be the last part in the process of establishing the sustainable ecosystem of the youth sector.
The General Secretary for Youth has officially presented the Strategic Framework for the Empowerment of Youth entitled “Youth ’17-‘27” which serves as a roadmap for government agencies and partners in youth policy. It has seven main objectives:
- Promoting young people’s self-reliance and independence and facilitating their transition to adulthood.
- Affordable and quality education – training – apprenticeship.
- Decent work and development of youth entrepreneurship.
- Health, welfare and well-being.
- Reinforce the participation of young people in democratic life.
- Reduction of inequalities among young people.
- Youth-friendly cities and the demographic renewal of periphery.
For further information: http://www.neagenia.gr/neolaia17-27/.
Changes have been made on the law on the Ombudsman for Children in Iceland. The Ombudsman for Children shall organise every other year a Children´s Congress where 250 children (12-17 years old, selected randomly) and about 200 MP’s, Governmental officials, local authorities, representatives from the labour market, etc. come together to discuss issues concerning children and youth. The first Children´s Congress was held in November 2019 and the result of that has been introduced to the Government. The Ombudsman of Children is also working on an action plan on how to increase influence of children and youth on policy making.
The Ministry of Social Affairs has made a contract with the Icelandic Youth Council regarding involvement of young people when it comes to policy making. The Youth Council will also be consulting with the Minister and the Ministry on youth affairs on how to increase participation of young people.
Irish Youth Strategy
The National Youth Strategy 2015–2020 has its basis in Better Outcomes, Brighter Futures: The National Policy Framework for Children & Young People (2014-2020) (BOBF). This framework sets out the Government’s agenda and priorities in relation to all children and young people under the age of 25 years and provides for the development and implementation of policies and services in relation to the following interconnected and mutually reinforcing outcome areas.
- Active and healthy, physical and mental well-being;
- Achieving full potential in all areas of learning and development;
- Safe and protected from harm;
- Economic security and opportunity;
- Connected, respected and contributing to their world.
Other strategies developed under BOBF include the:
- National Strategy on Children and Young People's Participation in Decision-Making (2015-2020)
- LGBTI+ National Youth Strategy 2018-2020.
Implementing the National Youth Strategy is a shared responsibility across government departments, agencies and youth interests. All youth services funded by Department of Children and Youth Affairs employ the National Youth Strategy outcomes and actions to plan and structure their strategy for delivering youth programmes. Cross-departmental engagement is on-going and Departments with responsibilities under the National Youth Strategy report the status of actions via the Better Outcomes Brighter Futures reporting structures.
The Republic of Serbia adopted its Law on Youth in 2011. The second National Youth Strategy is valid from 2015 to 2025. The first three-year Action Plan for the implementation of the Strategy expired last year, the Ministry of Youth and Sports is co-ordinating the development of a new one based on an external evaluation of the previous Action Plan.
The new Action Plan, will contribute to the achievement of the NYS's goals and will cover the period 2018-20. In order to implement the goals of the National Youth Strategy and the Action Plan 2018-2020, the Ministry of Youth and Sports continues to support youth associations with the aim to increase active participation of young people in society, volunteering and encourage their involvement in the development of youth policy in Serbia.
PREPARATION OF THE FUTURE STRATEGY FOR YOUTH
In august 2019, Youth Department of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport (hereinafter referred to as “the Ministry”) launched the process of preparing the future strategy for youth, as the current strategy is valid only till the end of December 2020. A specialized working group has been created to ensure the participation of various stakeholders from the practice. In the future strategy, the Ministry wants to change the paradigm – from current focus on cross-sectoral cooperation to focus on „young persons“. The Strategy is planned for a period of 8 years: 2021-2028. Moreover, the Ministry strongly aims at measurability of set goals and indicators in the form of key and partial performance indicators, that will be an integral part of the future strategy.The Ministry is currently working on the narrative part of the document and hopefully, the whole process will be finished by autumn 2020 when it will share the concrete goals and measure of the new Strategy for Youth 2021-2028.
Table of information on recent developments in the national implementation of youth policies.
The information provided in these documents is the responsibility of the national representatives on the European Steering Committee for Youth (CDEJ) and does not necessarily reflect the official policy of the Council of Europe or its member states.