Politiques nationales de jeunesse
Les informations fournies dans ce document relèvent de la responsabilité des représentants nationaux au Comité directeur européen pour la jeunesse (CDEJ) et ne reflètent pas nécessairement la politique officielle du Conseil de l'Europe ou de ses États membres.
Les 50 Etats parties à la Convention culturelle européenne sont invités à transmettre des liens vers leurs stratégies nationales, plans d’action, ou autres mesures de politique de jeunesse nationales.
Following the expiry of the 2013-17 Strategy for the State Youth Policy of the Republic of Armenia, the 2018-22 Strategy has been postponed pending a review of the current needs and situation of young people. The Ministry of Sport and Youth Affairs wishes to see a stronger, citizen-centric and more inclusive Strategy. In view of recent constitutional changes, the legal framework is being reviewed to see whether the Republic of Armenia should have a law on youth to meet the needs of young people, youth workers, and other relevant stakeholders. Within the Ministry, there is a commitment to create an enabling environment for civil society, local expertise and citizen engagement. The Ministry is also committed to studying international practice and to synchronising with European youth policy standards by involving impartial, international and comparative expertise and assessment.
The aim of Youth Development Strategy (2015-25) and of the State programme “Azerbaijan Youth in 2017-21” is to achieve the effective implementation of youth policy in Azerbaijan, to promote the active participation of young people in all spheres of society and to support young people's creative and innovative potential.
The State Programme on Education and Youth Policy for 2016-20 is a guiding document for youth policy implementation in Belarus. The objectives in the youth field are to:
- foster young people's active citizenship and participation in civic life and to enhance their feelings of patriotism;
- improve a positive attitude towards traditional family values and responsible parenthood;
- improve healthy lifestyle behaviour among young people;
- prevent negative phenomena in the field of youth;
- romote youth employment and entrepreneurship and to facilitate effective access for young people to the labour market;
- encourage youth involvement in extracurricular activities including volunteering and student work team movement;
- support socially significant initiatives of young people, pupils, students, and self-governance bodies;
- support children’s and youth public associations’ activities.
In 2018, the Ministry for Demography, Family, Youth and Social Policy established a national working group to draft the new baseline document in the youth field for the next seven years. Priority fields were defined in accordance with national circumstances and taking into account the European Youth Goals. Smaller working groups were assigned to work on each field. The ten priorities are:
- employment and entrepreneurship
- education and lifelong learning
- active youth participation
- social inclusion
- health and sports
- youth in rural areas
- youth and sustainable community development
- youth work
- youth in European and global settings.
Czech National Youth Strategy: http://www.msmt.cz/areas-of-work/sport-and-youth/youth-strategy-2014-2020
Contact person: Zdenka Maskova, Head of Youth Unit, Youth Department; Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports
Estonia's youth policy is laid down in the Youth Field Development Plan 2014-2020. As the Plan will expire in two years' time, the process of setting new aims for the next strategic period has begun. A 6th Youth Work Forum will take place on 4 and 5 October 2018, during which input will be collected in order to set new goals.
National youth work and youth policy programme 2020-2023. The current Youth Act (1285/2016) constitutes the legal basis for the programme. According to the Youth Act the Government shall adopt a national youth work and policy programme every four years. In December 2019, the National youth work and youth policy programme 2020-2023 was adopted by the Government. The aim of the programme is to improve the conditions young people live and grow in. One of the programme’s main goals is to establish the youth policy perspective as part of public sector decision-making. VANUPO (Ministry of Education and Culture) will help the effective use of resources from various sectors.
The national programme includes all young people under the age of 29 as provided in the Youth Act.
- La formation de la jeunesse est au centre des politiques de jeunesse du Gouvernement qui souhaite bâtir «l’École de la confiance» afin d’assurer la réussite des élèves.
- Renforcer l’engagement de la jeunesse au service de la société est l’un des objectifs du Gouvernement. Cette ambition se concrétise par le développement du volontariat du service civique, notamment dans le cadre du programme «devoir faits» ainsi que par une réflexion sur la mise en place d’un «service militaire universel».
- L’autonomie: Ces politiques s’articulent autour de trois axes:
- la lutte contre le non-recours aux droits sociaux;
- la territorialisation des politiques de jeunesse;
- la mise en synergie des acteurs.
*Source: discours du Ministre de l’Education nationale au Conseil d’orientation des politiques de jeunesse, le 29 juin 2017
In August 2019 the new LEPL Youth Agency was founded as a part of the Government’s structural reform plan. The Youth Agency reports directly to the office of the Prime Minister, its main goal for the next three years is a comprehensive reform of the youth sector in Georgia. The main challenge being to close the gaps in the current youth ecosystem. (Definition of youth: 14 - 29 years of age.)
The Youth Agency of Georgia has already developed a three-year fundamental reform strategy and an action plan, which is based on Georgia’s National Youth Policy and it aims at:
- developing inclusive and participatory youth policy work on the national and local level through legislative acts and regulations and through supporting the municipal institutions with the formulation and implementation a municipal youth policy;
- creating more opportunities for young people by providing high quality Youth Work services, non-formal education programmes and information;
- providing grants and capacity building activities for youth organizations;
- enhancing the qualification of youth workers;
- promoting a healthy lifestyle, human rights, tolerance and gender equality.
While defining priorities of the reform two important events were organized in Georgia on the topic of youth participation and youth work:
- an international peer-learning event on strengthening the potential of youth work in Eastern Europe (27-28 November 2019, in Tbilisi, Georgia)
- an international conference “Advancing youth participation in local and regional life” (29 November 2019, Tbilisi, Georgia)
The General Secretary for Youth has officially presented the Strategic Framework for the Empowerment of Youth entitled “Youth ’17-‘27” which serves as a roadmap for government agencies and partners in youth policy. It has seven main objectives:
- Promoting young people’s self-reliance and independence and facilitating their transition to adulthood.
- Affordable and quality education – training – apprenticeship.
- Decent work and development of youth entrepreneurship.
- Health, welfare and well-being.
- Reinforce the participation of young people in democratic life.
- Reduction of inequalities among young people.
- Youth-friendly cities and the demographic renewal of periphery.
For further information: http://www.neagenia.gr/neolaia17-27/.
Changes have been made on the law on the Ombudsman for Children in Iceland. The Ombudsman for Children shall organise every other year a Children´s Congress where 250 children (12-17 years old, selected randomly) and about 200 MP’s, Governmental officials, local authorities, representatives from the labour market, etc. come together to discuss issues concerning children and youth. The first Children´s Congress was held in November 2019 and the result of that has been introduced to the Government. The Ombudsman of Children is also working on an action plan on how to increase influence of children and youth on policy making.
The Ministry of Social Affairs has made a contract with the Icelandic Youth Council regarding involvement of young people when it comes to policy making. The Youth Council will also be consulting with the Minister and the Ministry on youth affairs on how to increase participation of young people.
Irish Youth Strategy
The National Youth Strategy 2015–2020 has its basis in Better Outcomes, Brighter Futures: The National Policy Framework for Children & Young People (2014-2020) (BOBF). This framework sets out the Government’s agenda and priorities in relation to all children and young people under the age of 25 years and provides for the development and implementation of policies and services in relation to the following interconnected and mutually reinforcing outcome areas.
- Active and healthy, physical and mental well-being;
- Achieving full potential in all areas of learning and development;
- Safe and protected from harm;
- Economic security and opportunity;
- Connected, respected and contributing to their world.
Other strategies developed under BOBF include the:
- National Strategy on Children and Young People's Participation in Decision-Making (2015-2020)
- LGBTI+ National Youth Strategy 2018-2020.
Implementing the National Youth Strategy is a shared responsibility across government departments, agencies and youth interests. All youth services funded by Department of Children and Youth Affairs employ the National Youth Strategy outcomes and actions to plan and structure their strategy for delivering youth programmes. Cross-departmental engagement is on-going and Departments with responsibilities under the National Youth Strategy report the status of actions via the Better Outcomes Brighter Futures reporting structures.
The Republic of Serbia adopted its Law on Youth in 2011. The second National Youth Strategy is valid from 2015 to 2025. The first three-year Action Plan for the implementation of the Strategy expired last year, the Ministry of Youth and Sports is co-ordinating the development of a new one based on an external evaluation of the previous Action Plan.
The new Action Plan, which should be adopted soon, will contribute to the achievement of the NYS's goals and will cover the period 2018-20.
PREPARATION OF THE FUTURE STRATEGY FOR YOUTH
In august 2019, Youth Department of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport (hereinafter referred to as “the Ministry”) launched the process of preparing the future strategy for youth, as the current strategy is valid only till the end of December 2020. A specialized working group has been created to ensure the participation of various stakeholders from the practice. In the future strategy, the Ministry wants to change the paradigm – from current focus on cross-sectoral cooperation to focus on „young persons“. The Strategy is planned for a period of 8 years: 2021-2028. Moreover, the Ministry strongly aims at measurability of set goals and indicators in the form of key and partial performance indicators, that will be an integral part of the future strategy.The Ministry is currently working on the narrative part of the document and hopefully, the whole process will be finished by autumn 2020 when it will share the concrete goals and measure of the new Strategy for Youth 2021-2028.
Tableau d’information sur les développements récents dans la mise en œuvre nationale des politiques de jeunesse
Les informations fournies dans ces documents relèvent de la responsabilité des représentants nationaux au Comité directeur européen pour la jeunesse (CDEJ) et ne reflètent pas nécessairement la politique officielle du Conseil de l'Europe ou de ses États membres.