The Committee on the Honouring of Obligations and Commitments by member States of the European Charter of Local Self-Government (Monitoring Committee) is responsible for monitoring the application of the European Charter of Local Self-Government and its additional Protocol on the right to participate in the affairs of local authorities by Council of Europe Member States that have ratified these legal instruments. It organises monitoring visits and drafts reports and recommendations on the state of local and regional democracy in the Member States concerned and also examines specific issues related to local and regional democracy. Through post-monitoring political dialogue, it ensures that its recommendations to Member States are followed up.
The Monitoring Committee undertakes in particular:
- a general regular country-by-country monitoring mission to each Member State approximately every five years;
- the examination of a particular aspect of the Charter, by decision of the Bureau or the Commission;
- fact-finding missions to examine, by decision of the Bureau, specific cases of concern.
In its work, the Committee takes into account:
- the conclusions and recommendations of the Congress concerning election observation missions;
- the human rights situation at local and regional level in Europe and, in accordance with Resolution 296 (2010), prepares a regular report on this specific issue.
The Committee contributes to the post-monitoring dialogue and develops, as appropriate, targeted assistance programmes on issues of common interest identified during the monitoring visits, in order to provide concrete assistance to local and regional authorities and to ensure the effective follow-up of its recommendations.
Portugal: Despite good application of the European Charter of Local Self-Government, local authorities should have more autonomy with respect to taxation
The Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe issued, on 28 September 2020, a set of recommendations aimed at improving local and regional democracy in Portugal, notably giving local authorities more autonomy with respect to local taxes and setting up special aid...
In a Recommendation, adopted on 28 September, concerning the 20 October 2019 local elections in the Republic of Moldova, the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe has called on the Moldovan authorities to improve the legal framework and the practical management of...
Austria: Municipalities and Länder governments need more fiscal autonomy, Council of Europe report finds, among other issues
The Congress welcomes reforms in Austria that have clarified the distribution of powers between the Federation, Länder and municipal authorities. It also praises the introduction of Länder Administrative Courts to strengthen Austrian federalism. But challenges remain, including insufficient...
The Covid-19 pandemic has changed the balance between local, regional and national levels in many countries, sometimes even putting local democracy in jeopardy. A debate on the application of the European Charter of Local Self-Government in times of crisis, organised on 17 September 2020 by the...
The Congress Follow-up Committee adopted Volume II of the Human Rights Handbook for Local and Regional Authorities on social rights, presented by Harald Bergmann (Netherlands, ILDG) at the online meeting held on 17 September 2020. The aim of this Handbook is to take stock of the efforts of local...
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