The CEFR provides a common basis for the elaboration of language syllabuses, curriculum guidelines, examinations, textbooks, etc. across Europe.

It describes in a comprehensive way what language learners have to learn to do in order to use a language for communication and what knowledge and skills they have to develop so as to be able to act effectively.  The description also covers the cultural context in which language is set.  The Framework also defines levels of proficiency which allow learners' progress to be measured at each stage of learning and on a life-long basis.

Communicative Language Activities

Level C2

 

Scale: Listening as a member of live audience

Descriptors:

  • Can follow specialised lectures and presentations employing colloquialism, regional usage or unfamiliar terminology
  • Can make appropriate inferences when links or implications are not made explicit
  • Can get the point of jokes or allusions in a presentation

Level A1

 

Scale: Understanding an interlocutor

Descriptors:

  • Can understand everyday expressions aimed at the satisfaction of simple needs of a concrete type, delivered directly to him/her in clear, slow and repeated speech by a sympathetic speaker
  • Can understand questions and instructions addressed carefully and slowly to him/her and follow short, simple directions

Level A1

 

Scale: Online conversation and discussion

Descriptors:

  • Can write very simple messages and personal online postings as a series of very short sentences about hobbies, likes/dislikes, etc., relying on the aid of a translation tool
  • Can use formulaic expressions and combinations of simple words to post short positive and negative reactions to simple online postings and their embedded links and media, and can respond to further comments with standard expressions of thanks and apology.

Level A1

 

Scale: Processing text in writing

  • summarising the main points in a source text;
  • collating such information and arguments from different sources;
  • recognising and clarifying to the recipient the intended audience, the purpose and viewpoint of the original.

Descriptors:

  • Can, with the help of a dictionary, render (in Language B) simple phrases (written in Language A), but may not always select the appropriate meaning
  • Can copy out single words and short texts presented in standard printed format

Communicative Language Competences

Level Pre A1

 

Scale: General linguistic range

Descriptors:

  • Can use isolated words and basic expressions in order to give simple information about himself/herself.

Level A1

 

Scale: General linguistic range

Descriptors:

  • Has a very basic range of simple expressions about personal details and needs of a concrete type.
  • Can use some basic structures in one-clause sentences with some omission or reduction of elements

Communicative Language Strategies

Level A2

 

Scale: Identifying cues and inferring (spoken&written)

Descriptors:

  • Can exploit format, appearance and typographic features in order to identify the type of text: news story, promotional text, article, textbook, chat or forum, etc.
  • Can exploit numbers, dates, names, proper nouns, etc. to identify the topic of a text.
  • Can deduce the meaning and function of unknown formulaic expressions from their position in a written text (e.g. at the beginning or end of a letter).

Filtrages Filtrages
Langage proficency
Communicative Language Activities
Communicative Language Competences
Communicative Language Strategies
Plurilingual and Pluricultural Competence
Signing competence
Compétences CEFR descriptors
Interaction
Online interaction
Spoken interaction
Written interaction
Linguistic
Mediation
Mediating a text
Mediating concepts
Pragmatic
Production
Spoken production
Written production
Reception
Spoken reception
Written reception
Niveaux
1. Pre A1
A1
A2
A2+
B1
B1+
B2
B2+
C1
C2
Scales
Asking for clarification
Building on plurilingual repertoire
Colloborating to construct meaning
Compensating
Conversation
Correspondence
Creative writing
Formal discussion (meetings)
General linguistic range
Goal-oriented co-operation
Goal-oriented online transactions and colloboration
Identifying cues and inferring (spoken&written)
Informal discussion (with friends)
Information exchange
Interviewing and being interviewed
Listening as a member of live audience
Notes, messages and forms
Obtaining goods and services
Online conversation and discussion
Overall spoken interaction
Overall written interaction
Processing text in writing
Understanding an interlocutor
Using telecommunications
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