Monitoring allows the evaluation of the implementation of the European Charter of self government
The core mission of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities is the effective monitoring of the situation of local and regional democracy in member states by assessing the application of the European Charter of Local Self-Government, adopted in 1985.
The Congress is the only European institution with the legal mandate to monitor the implementation of the Charter, and observe the local and regional elections which is complementary to the political monitoring process.
Through this process of monitoring, the Congress contributes, at territorial level, to the main objectives of the Council of Europe, which are to advance democracy and human rights on our continent. Monitoring is also part of an ongoing political dialogue with the different levels of governance in the State concerned.
How does the Congress monitor local and regional democracy?
The Congress undertakes:
- regular general country-by-country monitoring missions;
- the examination of a particular aspect of the Charter;
- fact-finding missions to look into specific cases of concern; and
- the observation of local and regional elections. (more...)
The Monitoring Committee, one of three statutory Congress committees, is responsible for preparing reports on the development of local and regional democracy.
Following monitoring visits, the Committee draws up reports and recommendations to member states to protect the rights and improve the management of municipalities and regions. It also looks after the updating of the Congress' legal instruments.
Almost 50 monitoring reports have been prepared since 1995. General reports provide an across-the-board analysis of the application of the European Charter of Local Self-Government in member states. "Second-generation" reports take this work a stage further.
Numerous legislative reforms have been set in motion by member states on the basis of the findings of these monitoring activities.
Facts and Figures
To date, the Congress has almost completed the first monitoring cycle of the 47 member states which have, to date, ratified the European Charter of Local Self-Government.
Conclusions and Follow-up
Almost 60 monitoring reports have been prepared by the Congress since 1995. To date, the Congress has completed two thirds of the first monitoring cycle of the 47 member states which have ratified the European Charter of Local Self-Government.
Documents on the monitoring of local democracy
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