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Colombia

Last updated : 03/02/2015

Status regarding Budapest Convention

Status : Observer See legal profile

Cybercrime policies/strategies

Invited to accede: 12 September 2013

The Ministry of National Defense of the Republic of Colombia has a National Cyber Security and Cyber Defense strategy whose main objectives are: (i) implement the appropriate institutions, (ii) promoting specialized training programs for publiic functionaries; (iii) strengthening legislation and international cooperation. The institutions that are currently responsible for protecting citizens from cybercrime and cyber threats are:

  •  The Emergency Security Response Team of Colombia (Colcert) in charge of the coordination of of cyber security and cyber defense nationwide;
  •  The Joint Cyber Command of the Armed Forces responsible for safeguarding national interests in cyberspace; and
  • The Police Cyber Center in charge of prevention and research. It provides support of the investigation and prosecution of cybercrime. For such purpose, it has  a command of Virtual Immediate Response (CAI Virtual) that receives complaints from citizens.

The Colombian Government has actively participated in the framework of the Inter-American Strategy to Combat Cybersecurity Threats  of the Organization of American States (OAS). As part of the awareness actiivities on cybersecurity, the Colombian government and the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE) of the OAS conducted a mock cyber attack in September of 2012, which aimed to strengthen the capacity of Colombai in the prevention, detection and mitigation of large-scale cyber attack.

The Colombian Government -through representatives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Telecommunications- participated in the Regional Workshop on Cybercrime Legislation in Mexico City from March 31 to April 2, 2014 where the representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs reported the latest policies and legislative developments in combating cybercrime. She made emphasis on the need for Colombia to access the Budapest Convention since it is the most optimal and feasible option to combat cybercrime and to provide for the harmonization of the legislation among the countries in the region.

Specialised institutions

There are four agencies responsible for countering cybercrime and promoting cybersecurity nationwide. (i) The Intersectoral Commission responsible for setting the strategic vision and the management of information; (ii) the Emergency Security Response Team of Colombia (Colcert) in charge of the coordination of cyber security and cyber defense nationwide; (iii) the Joint Cyber Command of the Armed Forces responsible for safeguarding national interests in cyberspace; and (iv) the Police Cyber Center in charge of facilitating support for the investigation and prosecution of cybercrime.

The Police Cyber Center is a subordinated office of the Direction of Criminal Investigations and Interpol responsible for developing strategies, programs, projects and other activities related to specialized attention of cybercrime and cybersecurity. Its activities include identifying and deterring child pornography and it also has working groups on information crime and data, a research group on terrorism and a computer forensics laboratory that provides information on threats to computer security.

The Emergency Security Response Team of Colombia (Colcert) is responsible for the  coordinatinon of Cybersecurity and National Cyber Defence, which is framed within the activities of the Management Security and Defense Process of the National Ministry of Defence. Its main purpose is to coordinate the necessary measures for the protection of the national critical infrastructure of Colombia against cyber emergencies that threaten or compromise national security and defense actions. Its website facilitate computer security alerts, contains recommendations to submit complaints on cybercrime, as well as a section for reporting incidents on computer systems and Internet.

Jurisprudence/case law

The Supreme Court of Justice of Colombia has issued judgements and case law related to child pornography and interception of private communications. The national judgements and case law might be consulted in the website of the Supreme Court of Justce of Colombia in:

http://190.24.134.121/webcsj/VicepresidenciaCorte/

Sources and links


Tools on Cybercrime & Electronic Evidence Empowering You!

This tool is co-funded  by the GLACY  and Cybercrime@Octopus projects