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    Status regarding Budapest Convention

Status regarding Budapest Convention

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Cybercrime policies/strategies

Armenia currently has no dedicated strategy or action plan on cybercrime. However, as of 2022 the work is ongoing through collaborative effort of several Government entities to develop a comprehensive Cybersecurity Strategy that will contain cybercrime policies.

In absence of a formal cybersecurity strategy, the National Security Service is responsible for cybersecurity policy and the protection of government websites and networks. Furthermore, a concept for an Information Security Strategy was developed in 2009, which outlines certain activities to be implemented. The Digitalization Strategy of Armenia has been adopted in February 2021 and includes certain measures regarding cybersecurity activities and laws in the area of cybersecurity and data protection.

Specialised institutions

  • Division for Combating High-Tech Crime under the General Department of Criminal Police of the Republic of Armenia is a centralized unit which is dedicated to handle cybercrime with country-wide competency. The police have 10 days to determine the fundamental facts and the legal basis for the investigation itself and then deciding to either close the matter, send the case to local police where evidence or a perpetrator is located, or transfer the matter to the Investigative Committee. Thus, the Division is the primary police unit handling cybercrime cases at the preliminary stage (before an official investigation is opened by the Investigative Committee) and providing support to local units. There are 8 officers employed at the Division for Combating High-Tech Crime under the General Department of Criminal Police. There are no specialized local units; where necessary, additional resources of the Organized Crime Department are used (either at the local offices or the headquarters). The Division is competent to investigate offences committed against computer systems such as hacking, attacks on the critical infrastructure, illegal interception and data interference. The Division is also competent to deal with offences involving technology such as computer related fraud, Internet crimes, offences involving the abuse of children, intellectual property offences as well as racism and xenophobia.
  • Investigative Committee of the Republic of Armenia - since the reform of the criminal procedure in 2011, 95% of the criminal cases in Armenia are investigated by Investigative Committee, the remaining cases being handled by specialized units for tax and customs fraud or investigations into public officials. The Committee has 6 investigators on staff dedicated to cybercrime cases. The investigator files the criminal case with the prosecutor and leads the investigative procedure. The Committee does not dispose of a computer forensics laboratory but instead makes use of external expertise for the analysis of electronic evidence.
  • National Bureau of Expert Evaluation – it is a state non-profit organization of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, that provides expert evaluation assigned by criminal prosecution and justice administration authorities.
  • Financial Monitoring Center (FMC) was established in 2005 as a separate unit in the structure of the Central Bank of Armenia. The FMC is an administrative-type financial intelligence unit, which acts as an intermediary between reporting entities and law enforcement authorities. The mission of the FMC is to combat money laundering and terrorism financing (AML/CFT). The main function of the FMC is to collect, analyze and exchange information for AML/CFT purposes. In addition, the FMC represents the Republic of Armenia in several international organizations and structures, while actively participating in international AML/CFT initiatives.​​​
  • CERT-AM is the Armenian national Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT). CERT AM collects and analyzes computer incident cases (i.e. attempts or facts of violation of local rules and policies or rules globally accepted by Internet community on using computer resources), concerning network resources located in Armenia as well as responses to them with the aim of preventing, stopping and collecting evidences about an incident. CERT AM also serves as a contact point for users who needs an assistance in dealing with ISPs and Armenian official bodies which are in charge for investigating computer crime cases.

Jurisprudence/case law

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These profiles do not necessarily reflect official positions of the States covered or of the Council of Europe. 


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