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    Status regarding Budapest Convention

Status regarding Budapest Convention

Status : Party Declarations and reservations : See legal profile

Cybercrime policies/strategies

The government of Japan published the Cybersecurity Strategy 2018 clearly indicating both domestic and international goals and implementation policies and measures for the period 2018-2021. Visions and objectives of the Strategy:

Adherence to the Basic Position on Cybersecurity:

    1. Objectives of the Basic Act on Cybersecurity;
    2. Basic ideals (free, fair and secure cyberspace);
    3. Basic principles (assurance of the free flow of information, the rule of law, openness, autonomy, and collaboration among multi-stakeholders)

Basic vision of cybersecurity as a goal:

    1. Cybersecurity for sustainable development (promotion of 'cybersecurity ecosystem')
    2. Three approaches for achieving the goal: mission assurance for service providers; risk management; and participation, cooperation, and collaboration

Policy approaches towards the Strategy's objectives:

    1. Enabling socio-economic vitality and sustainable development;
    2. Building a safe and secure society for the people;
    3. Contributing to the peace and stability of the international community and Japan’s national security

Ministry of Defense (MoD)/ Self-Defense Forces (SDF) of Japan issued the Defense of Japan (Annual White Paper) that includes section 'Trends in Cyber Domain', providing general context for cyberspace and security, as well as overview of threats in cyberspace, including those coming from major State actors, and outlines a set of major international initiatives and frameworks against cyber-attacks. Section 'Security Environment Surrounding Japan' provides overview of major characteristics and trends in the cyber domain.


Specialised institutions

Jurisprudence/case law

Case number: 2007(A)720 – “Case to be brought for violation of the Act on the Prohibition of Unauthorized Computer Access, and unauthorized creation and use of electromagnetic records by a private person”

Case number: 2005(A)1601 – – “Case of rape, extortion, larceny, and computer fraud”

Case number: 1999(A)1221 – “Case involving public display of obscene material”

Tools on Cybercrime & Electronic Evidence Empowering You!

These profiles do not necessarily reflect official positions of the States covered or of the Council of Europe. 


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