The Macolin Convention offers a definition of the manipulation of sports competitions which has become since 2014 the most widely used at the international level:

 Manipulation of sport competitions means an intentional arrangement, act or omission aimed at an improper alteration of the result or the course of a sport competition in order to remove all or part of the unpredictable nature of the aforementioned sport competition with a view to obtaining an undue advantage for oneself or for others.

 

Updated concept of manipulations of the sports competitions

 

 The Convention on the Manipulation of Sports Competitions (the Macolin Convention)