POLITIQUE DU PATRIMOINE
La politique bulgare du patrimoine culturel est définie et mise en œuvre par le Conseil des ministres. Le ministre de la Culture est responsable de l’application de la politique gouvernementale dans le domaine. Il est aidé en cela par les autorités nationales et municipales compétentes, le saint-synode de l’Eglise orthodoxe bulgare, les organes représentatifs des autres religions déclarées et la société civile.
Les objectifs stratégiques en matière de gestion et de conservation du patrimoine culturel sont définis dans la Stratégie nationale de développement de la culture, à l’issue d’un large débat public associant les organisations scientifiques et culturelles intéressées, ainsi que les entités juridiques à but non lucratif et les cultes enregistrés. Une stratégie nationale (dont le nom complet est « Stratégie nationale pour le développement des arts, des industries culturelles et créatives, du patrimoine et du tourisme culturels ») est sur le point d’être adoptée. Le secteur non gouvernemental a été largement associé à son élaboration. La protection du patrimoine culturel et la promotion de son potentiel en tant que facteur de développement durable ont été définies comme objectifs stratégiques. La participation des autorités locales à la protection des biens culturels est essentielle, que ce soit par l’amélioration des outils de gestion ou l’activation de partenariats public-privé.
The National System for preservation of the cultural heritage includes state and municipal authorities for management and control of the activities related to the preservation of the cultural heritage, the museums, the cultural organizations pursuant to the Law on Protection and Development of Culture as well as the Holy Synod of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church and the central management of other registered religions.
Council of Ministers
It is responsible for adopting the National Strategy for the Development of Culture; Conservation and Management plans for the immovable cultural properties; providing concessions on immovable cultural properties and establishing state cultural institutes. Also, the immovable archaeological cultural properties which are public state property are granted by decree for management without compensation to departments and municipalities for both preservation and presentation of cultural heritage.
Minister of Culture
It takes charge of: making proposals for the registration of cultural properties into the World Heritage List; providing a status and defining regimes for the preservation of the immovable cultural properties; issuing permissions for archaeological researches; assigning and adopting Conservation and Management plans of the immovable cultural properties; implementing granting of concessions of immovable cultural properties; giving agreements on: project assignments, development plans and investment projects and exercising the right of state property of the cultural properties.
Holy Synod of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church and central managements of other registered religions
They can make proposals to the Minister of Culture for registration of the cultural properties that are of significance to them.
Inspectorate for the preservation of the cultural heritage to the Ministry of Culture
It supervises the compliance of the requirements of the Cultural Heritage Act.
National Institute for Immovable Cultural Heritage
It is a state cultural institute to the Minister of Culture for the preservation of cultural properties. The Institute performs special documentation, prepares evaluations and proposals for providing status and regimes for preservation of the immovable cultural properties; keeps a Public registry of the immovable cultural properties, maintains a National documentation archive fund; prepares pilot projects and others related to the immovable cultural heritage and gives opinions on projects regarding the development plans and the investment projects for the protected territories of the cultural heritage.
Underwater Archeology Centre
It is a state cultural institute to the Minister of Culture for the preservation of the underwater archeology heritage. The Center: assists the Minister of Culture in exercising his power in conduction of state policy in preservation of the underwater cultural heritage; coordinates the activities related to the investigation of underwater heritage; maintains a registry of the underwater cultural properties.
At local level, the Mayors of the municipalities implement policies related to the preservation of the cultural heritage in their municipality and establish a public council for preservation of the cultural heritage. Municipal Councils adopt a strategy for preservation of the cultural heritage; grant concessions on immovable municipal cultural properties; create a municipal fund "Culture"; provides funding from the municipal budget for investigation and preservation of the cultural heritage.
They search, study, protect and present the cultural heritage with cognitive, educational and esthetic purposes. The state immovable cultural properties are granted without compensation for management to institutions and municipalities for implementation of preservation and presentation, scientific, cultural, educational and tourist activities performed by archaeological and historical museums based in the respective municipality.
1. Cultural Heritage Act – http://lex.bg; mc.government.bg
2. Law on Protection and Development of Culture - http://lex.bg; mc.government.bg
3. Law on Spatial Planning-http://lex.bg; mc.government.bg
4. Ordinance for conducting archaeological field studies - http://lex.bg; mc.government.bg
5. Ordinance for creation, maintenance and provision of information by an automated information system "Archaeological Map of Bulgaria"- http://lex.bg; mc.government.bg
6. Ordinance No.12 from November 21-st, 2012 for the order of identification, declaration, granting of status and defining the category of the immova ble cultural heritage, for the access and circumstances subject to entry into the national register of immovable cultural heritage - http://lex.bg; mc.government.bg
7. Ordinance for the scope, structure, content and methodology for devising of Conservation and Management plans for single and group immovable cultural properties - http://lex.bg; mc.government.bg
8. Ordinance for the terms and conditions for presentation of the cultural heritage - http://lex.bg; mc.government.bg
9. Ordinance for the terms and conditions for reproduction of cultural heritage into copies, replicas and artifacts with commercial designation - http://lex.bg; mc.government.bg;
10. Ordinance for creation, content, maintenance, conservation and usage of the National Documentation Archive to the National Institute for Immovable Cultural Heritage and the scientific archives of the museums - http://lex.bg; mc.government.bg
CONVENTIONS INTERNATIONALES RATIFIEES
- European Cultural Convention was ratified by Law adopted by the Grand National Assembly on August 14-th, 1991 - mc.government.bg
- Convention for the Protection of the Architectural Heritage of Europe has been ratified by a decision of the Grand National Assembly since January 25-th, 1991.
- European Convention on the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage (New Edition). (Ratified by Law, adopted by the 36-th National Assembly on April 1-st, 1993 and has been denunciated by the European Convention on the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage since May 6-th, 1969 in the State Gazette, issue 30 from 1993, effective since May 25-th, 1995) - mc.government.bg
- European Landscape Convention - ratified by Law, adopted by the 39-th National Assembly on October 13-th, 2004 in the State Gazette, issue 94 from 2004, effective for the Republic of Bulgaria since May 1-st, 2005),
- Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (has been adopted by Ordination by the Bureau of the Council of Ministers since February 4-th 1974, effective since September 17-th, 1975), published in the State Gazette Issue 44 from May 27-th, 2005 - mc.government.bg
- Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflicthas been ratified by Decree No. 154 of the Presidium of the National Assembly since 205.1956.
- Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage was ratified by Law adopted by the 39-th National Assembly on September 10-th, 2003 - mc.government.bg
- Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Propertyhas been ratified by Decree No. 1179 of the Presidium of the National Assembly since 30.06.1971 - mc.government.bg.
- The Convention on Protection of the Cultural Heritage in Case of an Armed Conflict has been ratified by Decree No. 154 of the Presidium of the National Assembly since 26.05.1956.
- The Framework Convention of the Council of Europe for the Significance of the Cultural Heritage to the Society is signed by Bulgarian party in 27.10.2005.
Note: The links present the legislation / laws and regulations in Bulgarian only. The laws and some ordinances could be found translated into English on the websites of "Siela" and "Apis" that are available after registration fee.
- Profils pays
- Belgique - Bruxelles Capitale
- Belgique - Région flamande
- Belgique - Wallonie
- République tchèque
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- Fédération de Russie
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