In 1999, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe adopted a recommendation concerning the “the prohibition of free fighting contests, such as cage fighting”. Society and the practice of such activities have evolved greatly since then and so EPAS has again taken up this issue in 2014.


Initially, on the basis of replies received from member states to a questionnaire and a round table discussion in 2014, a new debate with experts within the Governing Board of EPAS on the subject led to a factsheet being drawn up on the nine most important issues highlighted.  This resulted in EPAS concluding an in-depth study with experts in 2017 in a working group format, and notably interviews with numerous actors in this field. The mandate given to this working group was to prepare the elements for a possible new recommendation on the matter:  this is work in progress.

Recommendation of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the prohibition of free fighting contests, such as cage fighting (Recommendation No. R (99) 11)