Country Profile - France
Population: 68,084,217 inhabitants
Accession to the CoE: 1949
Convention on an Integrated Safety, Security and Service Approach at Football Matches and Other Sports Events, 2016:
Date of Signature: 03/07/2016
Date of Ratification: 06/02/2017
Date of entry into force: 01/11/2017
Presetation of the country's main security and sports institutions and bodies
An internet section on the Ministry website is specially dedicated to the various societal subjects and their impact in the field of sports (with the tools put at the service of sports stakeholders to respond to and prevent them)
- Ministry of the Interior
- Ministry of Justice
- Others rganisation or task force S4 policies:
- INS - Instance Nationale du Supporterisme : Information related to this Instance and its progress is available on the following two links:
- Fondation Daniel Nivel : No website available
- DILCRAH : Délégation interministérielle à la lutte contre le racisme, l’antisémitisme et la haine anti-LGBT
Natioalal safety bodies
- Natinal independent safety bodies: Is there a national independent authority competent for sports venues safety licensing and inspection? No, licensing and inspection is a local public authorities prerogative.
- Natinal public coordination safety bodies: Is/are there any national public coordination body/ies? If s, please insert the link. Please summarise its/their roles and responsibilities.
- CNSES - Commission Nationale de Sécurité des Enceintes Sportives. No website available. This commission is chaired by the Ministry in charge of Sports. It can be consulted by the local authorities before the official approval of sports venues.
- CNSJ - Instance de Coordination Nationale pour la Sécurité des Jeux Olympiques 2024 et des grands événements sportifs internationaux. This authority is directly under the authority of the Ministry of Interior. It is a national coordination body dedicated to the overall preparation of major sports events.
- DIGES - Délégation interministérielle aux grands événements sportifs. Under the authority of the Ministry in charge of Sports, this delegation facilitates the relationships between public authorities and sports events organisers and it ensures that the major sporting events organised in France are included in a perspective of economic and social development.
- DNLH - Division Nationale de Lutte contre le Hooliganisme : This service is attached to the Central Directorate of Public Security, of the National Police. Its main task is to fight against the phenomena of violence and hooliganism within the framework of sports events across the national territory. It coordinates at the national level all the intelligence on risk supporters, provides a global risk assessment around all sports events, and provides a national support for the organisation of public order and police presence around those risky events. The NFIP (National Football Information Point) is attached to this Division.
- UCGE - Unité de Coordination des Grands Événements : under the authority of the General Directorate of the National Police, this unit plans the security arrangements of major events, based on the threat assessment.
Main Sports/ Sport Activities
Pricipaux sports du pays :
Minister of Sports 2019 statistics
- Football : 2 198 835 members
- Tennis : 978895 members
- Horse-riding : 617 524 members
- Judo-Jujitsu : 524 425 members
- Basketball : 516 387 members
Natioal Olympic Committee
CNOSF (Comité National Olympique et Sportif Français)
CPSF (Comité Paralympique et Sportif Français)
Main sports federations and leagues
- FFR - Fédération Française de Rugby
- LNR - Ligue Nationale de Rugby
- FF Handball - Fédération Française de Handball
- LNH - Ligue Nationale de Handball
- FFT - Fédération Française de Tennis
- FFBB - Fédération Française de Basketball
- FFE - Fédération Française d’Equitation
- FF Judo : Fédération Française de Judo-Jujitsu
Natioal football authorities – Federation and League
Relevat good practices in the S4 domain. If possible, please specify the sport organisation (association, league, club) who lunched the good practice.
- Paris Saint-Germain
- Olympique Lyonnais
- Lille Olympique Sporting Club
Major Sports Events
Last major sporting events organised since 2000 and key elements of their legacy.
- 2003 World Athletics Championships in Paris (edition 9th)
- 2016 UEFA European Football Championship
- 2017 World Men's Handball Championship
- 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup
For all those events, the safety, security and service approach was an absolute concern. The global strategy was co-produced by the organiser and public authorities all together. This effective collaboration was a key element of their legacy. The international police co-operation was also very important (Spotters exchanges, International Police Cooperation Centre and implementation of “European police stations”).
Future major sporting events organised and/or co-organized within the next 5 years
- 2023 Rugby World Cup
- Paris 2024 Summer Olympic Games
The country's main sporting competitions.
- Main annual championship (Football / Rugby / Basketball / Handball).
- Roland-Garros – Tennis French Open
- Tour de France – Bicycle race
- Six Nations Tournament – annual international men's rugby competition
National supporter organisations
- ANS - Association Nationale des Supporters
- FFSR - Fédération Française des Supporters de Rugby
- UNSB - Union Nationale des Supporters de Basket-Ball
National team supporter organisation
- Club de supporters : this club comprises 12 supporter associations.
Main club supporter organisations : There are supporter organisations in most of sports clubs, so it is impossible to quote “main club supporter organisations”. Furthermore, their legal status can vary (some are recognised by clubs, others aren’t).
National legal framework on sports safety and security, including specific legal provisions on:
- list of main laws and regulations :
- All French legislation regarding the general organisation of sport events is gathered in one regularly updated legislative book : the “Code du sport” (more specifically articles L332-1 to L332-21 regarding the security of sport events). This document is available in French version online.
- Last important law : Law of 10 May 2016 (Initial version), reinforcing the dialogue with supporters and the fight against hooliganism / Creation of the national supporters forum / Creation of a supporter liaison officer in each professional sports league. This law also allowed organisers to exclude and/or withdraw spectators' subscriptions in the event of non-compliance with the general sales conditions and the stadium's internal regulations.
- national / local coordination bodies : In France, it is a local Prefect’s prerogative to ensure the respect of the national legal framework on sports safety and security. For that, they work before each event with all the local authorities (National and Local Police / Fire services / clubs’ security manager / match commander). See “Code du Sport”
- national S4 policy : See “Code du sport” and the Law of 2016. Regarding the field of social prevention, the article L224-1 of the “Code du sport” (created by the aforementioned law of May 10, 2016) insists on the key role of supporters in terms of sports ethics.
- share of safety and security responsibilities (inside/outside of sports venues) : Article 221-1-1 of the Code of Internal Security.
- Stewarding/ private security : The mission of security and safety at sports events is partly ensured by private security. Private agents and companies are controlled by the National Council of Private Security Activities (CNAPS) under the supervision of the Ministry of the Interior.
- sports venues safety regulations, licensing, certification and inspection : Sports venues security regulations depend on the different sport federations and professional leagues. In France, the district Prefect certifies and authorises sports venues under the control of the fire department and the police. See “Code du sport”.
- sport-related hate speech, racism and other types of discrimination : Law no. 90-615 of July 13, 1990 to repress all racist, anti-Semitic or xenophobic acts, and the Law of 29 July 1881 on freedom of the press. An overview of the French legal framework in terms of sanctions for racist, sexist or LGBT + discriminatory behaviour (in the field of sport) is available in sheets 12, 13 and 14 of a small legal guide (managed by the Ministry in charge of Sports - January 2021 Edition).
- pyrotechnics and other forbidden items : Article L332-8 of the “Code du sport”.
- customer service and role of supporters and local communities : Sports federations and professional leagues regulations / “Code du sport”.
- social-educational preventative measures : Different services from the Ministry in charge of Sports and Ministry of Interior are involved in this mission.
- alcohol/drug policy : Article L332-4 and L332-5 “Code du sport”.
- specific sport-related misbehaviour typified as crime : See below.
- specific sport-related misbehaviour typified as misdemeanour : The laws of 2 March 2010 and 14 March 2011 have established the special measures regarding offences committed at the occasion of sport events. Articles L.332-3 à L.332-10 “Code du sport”.
- exclusion policy (banning orders / exit bans) : Key laws regarding the misbehaviours committed inside and around stadia:
- Law of 6 December 1993 - judicial stadium bans
- Law of 23 January 2006 - administrative stadium bans
The two measures are possibly completed by judicial control with mandatory representation before a police station during matches.These laws were subsequently amended (in terms of the consequences incurred by the authors). An overview of legislative developments between 1993 and 2018 is available in the legal guide managed by the Ministry in charge of Sports (December 2018 edition-Fiche 15)
- Measures taken / envisaged by States to meet the objectives of the Convention : Most of the Convention provisions are already included in our national law, and implemented in France, especially since the Law of 2016.
National Strategies/ Policies
Existence of specific safety, security and/or service public policies:
In the field of social prevention, existence of specific public policies for the prevention of incivilities, violence and discrimination in sport.
They are integrated into various inter-ministerial plans (which include a sport component). For example, in terms of preventing LGBT + hatred, the sport section concerns measures 26, 27 and 28)
Furthermore, toolkits have been published since August 2020 on the website of the Ministry in charge of Sports. They list the tools piloted by the Ministry, but also those piloted by its partners (within the institutional, sporting and associative environment). They are regularly updated (in particular on the prevention of discrimination).
Regarding the more specific aspect of the prevention of fan misbehaviour, some examples of actions can be found on the following links:
Existence of a national strategy on security, safety, and services:
In terms of supporterism, a national strategy can be found in the work of the National Supporterism Authority (INS) and in their work plan (decided in plenary session, in the presence of the Minister in charge of Sports). This issue of preventing fan misbehaviour is also mentioned in the inter-ministerial plans on prevention of discrimination (particularly in terms of preventing LGBT + hatred).
Existence of (a) regional/ local strategy(ies) on security, safety, and services:
A project is underway, led by the DNLH and the Nivel Foundation, on the establishment of a coordinated network of police officers (security / safety / prevention) deployed on matches to be the point of contact for away visitors. The project is currently being tested (implementation was delayed by the pandemic).
Major Risks and Incidents
Major risks and trends on violence and disorder:
Violence between risk fans, violence against law enforcement officers, use of pyrotechnics devices.
Last major incidents which seem relevant and enlightening on the need to adopt an integrated approach to security, safety and services.
For example, some songs and homophobic banners appeared in certain sports stands during Spring and at the end of Summer 2019.
This thematic was taken into consideration during the plenary sessions of the INS of 26 March and 28 October 2019. Some works launched on 28 October 2019 were finalised by the end of Summer 2021. The pandemic has delayed the progress of certain projects.
Please provide a graph of the evolution of total incidents over the last 10 years
Information currently not available.