How relevant is the Convention?


States have used the Budapest Convention
as a guideline or source for their domestic legislation *

* By 30 June 2021

To date, the Budapest Convention remains the most relevant binding international treaty on cybercrime and electronic evidence. A secret to its longevity is its technology-neutral language.
Moreover, the Convention is not only a cybercrime treaty. It enables the exercise of procedural powers and tools for international cooperation in relation to any offence entailing electronic evidence.
Thus, the Budapest Convention covers a broad range of offences and its provisions are applicable to botnets, phishing, terrorism, identity theft, malware, spam, DDOS and critical infrastructure attacks, election interference, cyberviolence,  to name just a few. 


When was the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime opened for signature?

  1. 23 November 2001
  2. 23 November 2011
  3. 13 November 2001

Yes! 20 years ago, on 23 November 2001, the first international treaty seeking to address crime against and by means of computers and the securing of electronic evidence was opened for signature in Budapest – the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime of the Council of Europe.

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The Convention reconciles
effective criminal justice and human rights safeguards

Art. 15 “Each Party shall ensure (…) the adequate protection of human rights and liberties”

The Budapest Convention reconciles the vision of a free Internet, where information can freely flow and be accessed and shared, with the need for an effective criminal justice response in cases of criminal misuse. Restrictions are narrowly defined; only specific criminal offences are investigated and prosecuted, and specified data that is needed as evidence in specific criminal proceedings is secured subject to human rights and rule of law safeguards.

How do countries accede to the Convention?

The treaty is open for accession by any country ready to implement it!

Who are the Members?





countries have signed or been invited to accede*


* See the full list here


80 %

of States worldwide have used the Budapest Convention as a guide or source of inspiration for their domestic legislation

The main pillars of the Convention

What impact has the Convention had?

Global outreach of the Budapest Convention (78 countries signed, ratified, invited to join, cooperation with more than 150 countries) keeps ensuring and multiplies the global impact it has all over the world and in cyberspace:




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