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The European Court of Human Rights has dealt with various applications concerning local and regional authorities.

The following list of Court cases is based on a  report prepared by the Research and Library Division (in English only), under the supervision of the Department of the Jurisconsult, and does not bind the Court. The present version has been updated up to and including 26 March 2020.

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Lack of locus standi of local/regional authorities

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Local/regional government and electoral rights under Article 3 of Protocol No. 1, Article 10 of the Convention and Article 1 of Protocol No. 12

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Right of municipal civil servants to form trade unions, bargain collectively and join a political party

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Examples of recent cases where a violation (or alleged violation) of the Convention originated in the acts of a local or regional authority

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Other interesting cases regarding local authorities

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The applications concerning local and regional authorities received by the Court refer to the following articles of the European Convention on Human Rights:

  • Right to life (Article 2)
  • Prohibition of torture (Article 3)
  • Prohibition of slavery and forced labour (Article 4)
  • Right to liberty and security (Article 5)
  • Right to a fair trial (Article 6)
  • Right to respect for private and family life (Article 8)
  • Freedom of thought, conscience and religion (Article 9)
  • Freedom of expression (Article 10)
  • Freedom of assembly and association (Article 11)
  • Right to an effective remedy (Article 13)
  • Protection of property (Article 1 Protocole n°1)
  • Right to free elections (Article 3 Protocole n°1)
  • Freedom of movement (Article 2 Protocole n°4)
  • General prohibition of discrimination (Article 1 Protocole n°12)