Speaking at the Court’s annual press conference on 25 Janaury 2018, President Guido Raimondi reviewed the year 2017 and presented the statistics for the past year.
He referred in particular to the increase in the number of new cases, but said that a large number of applications had been declared inadmissible for failure to exhaust domestic remedies. In that connection the President reiterated the importance of the principle of subsidiarity, which requires applicants to exhaust national remedies before applying to the Court.
Below are some of the key findings of the Court statistics analysis with a focus on Georgia:
63,350 applications were allocated to a judicial formation in 2017, an increase of 19% compared to 2016 – this was largely because of an increase in the number of allocated applications concerning Turkey. For Georgia, the number increased by 20%, from 74 new applications allocated to the Court in 2016 to 89 in 2017.
Relative to every 10,000 inhabitants, the member states for which the highest number of applications were allocated – not including San Marino and Liechtenstein – were Romania (3.31), Turkey (3.25), Bosnia and Herzegovina (2.47), Montenegro (2.22) and Moldova (2.13). For GEORGIA, this ratio is 0.24, which is well below the European average of 0.76.
85,951 applications were decided in 2017, an increase of 123% compared to 2016; of those applications, 15,595 (18%) were decided by a judgment and 70,356 (82%) were decided by an inadmissibility decision or struck out. For Georgia, in 2017, 232 applications were declared inadmissible or struck out, 25 applications were communicated to the Government and the information on them is awaited, and in 12 applications judgments were delivered.
Judgments in 2017
The European Court of Human Rights issued 1,068 judgments in 2017, of which 908 (85%) found at least one violation of the human rights convention (N.B. a judgment may cover more than one application and may also relate to more than one state)
The member states with the highest number of judgments finding at least one violation of the convention in 2017 were Russia (293), Turkey (99), Ukraine (82), Greece (36) and Bulgaria (31)
The highest number of violations in 2017 related to the right to a fair trial (207), the right to liberty and security (207), inhuman or degrading treatment (182), the right to an effective remedy (166) and the length of proceedings (127)
For GEORGIA, out of 12 judgments delivered in 2017, in 9 at least one violation was found. The most frequently violated articles were the right to liberty and security, and the prohibition of slavery/forced labour.
Interim measures decided in 2017
The court took 1,669 decisions on requests for “interim measures” in 2017; such measures were granted in 117 (7%) of those cases, 70% of which concerned immigration or expulsion
Judgments between 1959 and 2017
The European Court of Human Rights issued 20,637 judgments between 1959 and 2017, of which 17,307 (84%) found at least one violation of the human rights convention
The member states with the highest number of judgments finding at least one violation of the convention in 2017 were Turkey (2,988), Russia (2,127), Italy (1,819), Romania (1,202), and Ukraine (1,188)
The highest number of violations between 1959 and 2017 related to the length of proceedings (5,668), the right to a fair trial (4,712), the right to liberty and security (3,546), protection of property (3,217) and the right to an effective remedy (2,345)
For GEORGIA, the total number of judgments delivered between 1959 and 2017 was 80, in 61 out of them at least one violation was found. The highest number of violations related to right to liberty and security and the right to a fair trial.
Over the course of the year, the number of applications pending before a judicial formation fell by 29% from approximately 79,750 to 56,250 – this was mainly due to large groups of applications that were dealt with concerning a few countries in particular (e.g. Ukraine).
Out of 56,250 applications pending before a judicial formation on 1 January 2018, approximately 9,900 (18%) related to Romania, 7,750 (14%) to Russia, 7,500 (13%) to Turkey, 7,100 (13%) to Ukraine and 4,650 (8%) to Italy.
Georgia, with 1,924 applications pending before the Court (3.4% of applications from all European states), is among top ten countries with the highest number of applications pending.
Annual Report 2017 (provisional)