The Council of Europe enjoys cooperation with Montenegro, most recently through a country-specific European Union/Council of Europe joint programme (PREDIM), contributing to improve the protection of human rights in Montenegro through strengthening of the capacity of the national institutions in preventing discrimination. In addition, six actions are currently ongoing under the European Union/Council of Europe Horizontal Facility for Western Balkans and Turkey in the field of judiciary, penitentiary, economic crime and education. The Council of Europe is currently represented through a programme office, which was established for the implementation of the current projects. 

Montenegro is also a beneficiary of four regional programmes in South East Europe: three Council of Europe/European Union joint programmes, which  provide regional support for promoting good governance and Roma empowerment at local level (ROMACTED), and support judicial expertise on freedom of expression and the media (JUFREX) as well as strengthen co-operation in the field of cybercrime by targeting crime proceeds on the internet (iPROCEEDS) and one financed by the Human Rights Trust Fund providing human rights education for legal professionals (HELP Programme).