Owing the dangers of cybercrime and the
need for common minimum technical and legal standards to fight such crime at
a global level, the Convention on cybercrime (ETS N° 185) was prepared by
Council of Europe member States and Canada, Japan, South Africa and the United States. It entered with force on 1 July 2004. Its Additional Protocol concerning the
criminalisation of acts of a racist and xenophobic nature committed through
computer systems (ETS N° 189) entered into force on 1 March 2006.
The Convention is the only binding international instrument dealing with
cybercrime. It has received widespread international support and is open to
all States. The Convention provides for consultations of the Parties (the
Convention Committee on Cybercrime (T-CY)).