At the request of the Commonwealth Working Group, a study has been carried out by the Council of Europe under the Global Project on Cybercrime highlighting the use by a majority of countries of the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime and/or the Commonwealth model in drafting legislation. The report is to help the Working Group identify good practices and give an initial idea of the need for further legal reforms in Commonwealth countries.
The Global Forum on Law, Justice and Development
(GFLJD) will hold a Round Table to discuss,
among other things, the role of the Budapest
Convention and of development cooperation
organisations in partnerships against
cybercrime, including enhanced capacity
building. The Round Table will take place on 19
April at the World Bank in Washington DC.
The Council of Europe on 15 March 2013 endorsed
and became a partner in the GFLJD.
Draft Guidance Notes on "botnets" and
"transborder access to data" are now available
for further discussion by T-CY members.
Guidance Notes are aimed at facilitating the
effective use and implementation of the Budapest
Convention on Cybercrime in the light of new
developments. They represent the common
understanding of the Parties to this treaty
regarding the use of the Convention.
A review of Council of Europe activities on
cybercrime carried out in 2012 shows that much
progress was made in terms of political support
and enlarged membership in the Budapest
Convention, the effectiveness of this treaty
through peer-to-peer assessments, the adoption
of the report on transborder access to data, and
The year 2013
is expected to see more States joining the
Budapest Convention, steps towards more
efficient international cooperation, the
adoption of Guidance Notes, work on a Protocol
to the Convention and the launch of a new joint
project of the Council of Europe and the
European Union to support countries worldwide in
the implementation of the Budapest Convention.
[Strasbourg, 18 February
2013] Ministers and senior officials from
South-eastern Europe adopted a declaration on
“strategic priorities in the cooperation against
cybercrime” at an international conference held
in Dubrovnik, Croatia, from 13 to 15 February
The event was held
under the CyberCrime@IPA joint project on
cybercrime of the Council of Europe and the
European Union. Building on the progress made
since the launch of the project, the Conference
was aimed of committing decision-makers to
specific targets. The “declaration” offers a
blue-print for consistent measures aimed at the
strengthening of legislation, criminal justice
capacities, public-private cooperation, the
confiscation of criminal money on the Internet
and efficient international cooperation.
The meeting gathered more than 100 cybercrime
experts and officials from European countries,
but also from Argentina, Botswana, South Africa
and the USA as well as the private sector and
that CyberCrime@IPA can serve as an example of
good practice for capacity building in any
region of the world. Tools such as the judicial
training modules, the electronic evidence guide,
the study on specialised cybercrime units and
others will be widely shared.
When adopting the
declaration, Croatian Minister of Interior Ranko
Ostojić, Deputy Minister of Justice Sandra
Artuković Kunšt and other ministers and senior
officials confirmed their commitment to “promote
adherence to the Budapest Convention on
Cybercrime at the global level”.
[Strasbourg, 7 February
2013] The Dominican Republic today deposited the
instrument of accession to the Budapest
Convention. This will increase the number of
parties to 39, including also Australia, Japan
and the USA.
[Brussels, 7 February
2013] The Cybersecurity
Strategy of the European Union published today
underlines once more that the European Union
promotes the Convention on Cybercrime within the
EU and internationally:
"To address cybercrime, the Budapest
Convention is an instrument open for adoption by
third countries. It provides a model for
drafting national cybercrime legislation and a
basis for international co-operation in this
The strategy emphasises the need for capacity
building and that the European Union will engage
with other partners in such efforts in third
It furthermore states that “the EU does not call for the creation
of new international legal instruments for cyber
[Strasbourg, 6 February
2013] A whitepaper just released by Microsoft linking
cybersecurity policy and performance shows
“significant differences in security outcomes
between countries” that have, for example,
signed or ratified the Convention on Cybercrime:
“We found that countries
adopting or implementing certain policies,
including international treaties like the
Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime … are
more likely to over-perform on a key
cybersecurity metric compared to countries that
have not adopted the same policies.”
In December 2012, the Cybercrime Convention
Committee (T-CY) adopted its first report
assessing how Parties implement the Budapest
Convention. This report is now public. It covers
the expedited preservation provisions of
Articles 16, 17, 29 and 30. Such assessments
will further enhance the effectiveness of the
Budapest Convention on Cybercrime. The 2013
round will focus on the efficiency of
The Octopus Cybercrime Community is a forum
linking up the many hundred public and private
sector cybercrime experts from all over the
world that participate in Octopus Conferences
and other Council of Europe activities against
It is an opportunity to
remain engaged and strengthen cooperation
2013] Within the
framework of cooperation in cybercrime matters
between Mongolia and the Council of Europe, and
following a capacity building workshop in
Ulaanbataar in May 2012, the Budapest Convention
on Cybercrime is now available in Mongolian.
and looks forward to
cooperating with you in 2013!
[Strasbourg, 19 December 2012] On 18 December, Ambassador Matthew Johnson, Permanent
Representative of the United Kingdom to the
Council of Europe, and Mrs Gabriella
Battain-Dragoni, Deputy Secretary General signed
an agreement under which the UK contributes GBP
100,000 to the Global Project on Cybercrime of
the Council of Europe.
[Strasbourg, 6 December 2012]
The 8th Plenary of the Cybercrime Convention Committee (T-CY)
concluded on 6 December. Among other things the
T-CY adopted the report on Transborder Access to
Data and Jurisdiction.
[Strasbourg, 4 December
2012] A new discussion paper
is now available showing how the Budapest
Cybercrime and the Lanzarote Convention on the
Sexual Exploitation and Abuse of Children serve
as criminal law benchmarks to protect children.
The study is to be presented at the forthcoming
conference of the Virtual Global Taskforce (VGT)
in Abu Dhabi from 11 to 13 December.
[Strasbourg, 30 November 2012] Australia today
desposited the instrument of accession to the
Budapest Convention. This will increase the
number of Parties to 38.
[Strasbourg, 15 November
2012] On 15 November 2012,
Panama was invited to accede to Budapest
Convention on Cybercrime. Legislative reforms
are underway to enable Panama to become a Party.
So far, nine States have been invited to accede
to this treaty.
2012] Monaco has made a voluntary
contribution to support Phase 3 of the Global
Project on Cybercrime of the Council of Europe.
This project assists countries worldwide in the
implementation of the Budapest Convention on
Cybercrime. Donors now include Estonia, Japan,
Monaco, Romania, the United Kingdom and
14 November 2012]
The 8th T-CY plenary session will be held on 5
and 6 December 2012 in Strasbourg. On the
agenda: Assessment of Articles 16, 17, 29 and 30
- discussion and adoption of report; (b)
Transborder access to data - report of the
Ad-hoc Group. Due to the Xmas Market period, it
is strongly recommended that participants
arrange hotel accommodation at an early stage.
[Strasbourg, 31 August,
2012] The IGF 2012 will take place from 6 - 9 November
in Baku, Azerbaijan. On 5 November, the Council
of Europe will hold a pre-workshop on
"Protecting you and your rights: Article 15 of
the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime" at the
premises of the IGF. It will focus on the
question: what rule of law and human rights
conditions are to be met when investigating
The workshop is organised under the
and CyberCrime@EAP regional joint projects of
the Council of Europe and the European Union. It
is open to IGF participants.
[Strasbourg, 22 August 2012] The event in
Struga will gather investigators, forensic experts and prosecutors
to discuss the final version of the Guide. A number of experts from other regions, including
representatives from Eastern Partnership countries, are expected to contribute
to the finalisation of the guide.
The Electronic Evidence Guide is being developed
under the CyberCrime@IPA joint project of the
Council of Europe and the European Union. A draft version of the
document had already discussed during the
Octopus Conference on 7 June 2012
[Canberra, 22 August 2012] On 22 August 2012, the Senate of Australia passed new
legislation on cybercrime. This will allow Australia to be become a Party to the Budapest
Convention on Cybercrime according to a press release of the Office of the Attorney-General of
Australia. In September 2010 Australia had been invited to accede to the Convention on
20 August 2012] Belgium today deposited the instrument of
ratification of the Budapest Convention on 20
August 2012. This will increase the number of
Parties to 37.
[Strasbourg, 5 July 2012] The full version of the key messages and
workshop summaries of the Octopus Conference on
Cybercrime (Strasbourg, 6-8 June 2012) is now available online
[Strasbourg, 3 July 2012] Japan today deposited the instrument of
ratification of the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime. This will increase the number of
Parties to 36.
[Strasbourg, 13 June 2012] Austria deposited
today the instrument of ratification of the
Budapest Convention on Cybercrime. Following
Georgia on 6 June during the Octopus Conference,
and Malta on 12 April, this will bring the
number of Parties to 35.
[Strasbourg, 8 June 2012] The 2012
Octopus conference was held in Strasbourg from
6 to 8 June. It comprised of a series of plenary
and workshop sessions with a specific focus on
public/private information exchange, cybercrime
transborder access to data.
The Secretary General of
the Council of Europe Mr Thorbjørn Jagland
addressed the participants of the conference in
the opening session. He noted that there are
huge challenges that remain in front of us in
the fight against cybercrime, and that there is
a need for concrete actions to meet these
challenges. To see the full text of his remarks please
The Conference was
officially closed by Mrs. Maud de-Boer
Buquicchio, Deputy Secretary General of the
Council of Europe. She emphasised the importance
of effective international cooperation in the
fight against cybercrime as one of the key
challenges that remains ahead of us all. To see
her full remarks please click
The Octopus conference was preceded by the plenary
of the Cybercrime Convention Committee (4-5 June).
Participation in the T-CY is restricted.
[Strasbourg, 6 June
2012] Georgia has approved
its cybercrime bill, thus has joined the parties
to the Convention on Cybercrime, which now
counts 34 parties.
[Strasbourg, 25 April 2012] The Council of Europe and the Associated
Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India cooperate
once again in an international conference on cybercrime
and cybersecurity. The event will take place on
10 May 2012 at the Hotel Meridien in New Delhi.
[Strasbourg, 12 April 2012]
On 12 April, Malta deposited the instrument of ratification
of the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime thus bringing
the number of Parties to 33.
[Strasbourg, 27 April 2012]
The sixth annual Counter-eCrime Operations Summit (CECOS VI)
focus on the shifting nature of cybercrime. It was
held from 25-27 April in Prague, Czech Republic.
The Council of Europe - through its Global Project
on Cybercrime - was a programme partner.
[Strasbourg, 4 April 2012] Representatives from Ministries
of Justice and Prosecution Services of project areas
met to discuss the ways to improve the handling
of international cooperation requests related to
Based on previous activities organised under the
project, a number of experts from USA, Italy, Belgium,
United Kingdom, Romania as well as private sector
and other initiatives (European Union project -
IPA 2008 DET-ILECUs II) and Southeast European Law
Enforcement Center (SELEC) were invited to share
The regional workshop was followed by the 3rd Steering
Committee meeting of the CyberCrime@IPA project
on 30 March.
[Strasbourg, 4 April 2012] In cooperation with the Ministry
of Justice, the CyberCrime@IPA project organised
a national workshop on cybercrime legislation in
Bosnia and Herzegovina. The event gathered representatives
of the institutions responsible for drafting legislation
in Bosnia and Herzegovina from state, entities and
district levels, as well as, members of the team
on harmonisation of criminal legislation in Bosnia
The participants in the workshop discussed existent gaps and further needs
for reform in view of compliance of the domestic
legislation with the Convention on Cybercrime and
related international standards.
[Strasbourg, 4 April 2012] Representatives of the high tech crime units,
24/7 points of contacts and prosecution services
from the EAP countries met in Tbilisi to discuss
good practices on setting-up specialised cybercrime
units and interagency cooperation in cybercrime
investigations among national authorities.
[Strasbourg, 16 March 2012] The 47 Council of Europe member states have adopted an
Internet governance strategy to protect and promote human rights, the rule of law and democracy online.
The strategy, one of the priorities of the United
Kingdom Chairmanship of the Committee of Ministers, contains more than 40 lines of action structured
around six areas (Internet’s openness, the rights of users, data protection, cybercrime, democracy
and culture, and children and young people). It will be implemented over a period of four years,
from 2012 to 2015, in close co-operation with partners from all sectors of society, including the private
sector and civil society.
[Strasbourg, 15 March 2012]
At its 38th Plenary meeting (Strasbourg, 5-9 March 2012)
MONEYVAL adopted the Typology study on criminal
money flows on the Internet. The study analyses
methods and trends of crime proceeds and money laundering
on the Internet, and proposes a range of countermeasures
with a particular focus on multi-stakeholder cooperation.
[Strasbourg, 15 March 2012]
The Council of Europe will contribute to an event organised by
the Academy of European Law, which is intended as
a platform to debate and assess how the (proposed)
new EU Directive on attacks against information
systems (“Directive on Cybercrime”) and other European
and international instruments are addressing large-scale
cyber attacks and other threats posed by methods
such as botnets, i.e. networks of compromised computers
infected by malicious software and remotely controlled
by a "botmaster".
[Strasbourg, 2 March 2012] The Ministry of
Science and Technology of Costa Rica, the Organisation
of American States (CICTE) and the Council of Europe
will jointly organise this regional workshop prior
to the ICANN 43 meeting to promote implementation
of the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime and related
standards and tools.
[Strasbourg, 2 March 2012] Foreign Office
Permanent Representative, Eleanor Fuller, announced
a UK contribution to support the Council of Europe
Global Project on Cybercrime during a signing ceremony
in Strasbourg on 2 March 2012.
Speaking ahead of the signing, Foreign Secretary
William Hague said:
"At the London Conference on Cyberspace I made
clear that the rapid rise of cybercrime is a growing
threat to people across the world and I made clear
the need for coordinated response to improve security,
enhance cooperation between states and ensure a
collective undertaking to address this threat. I
am therefore delighted that the UK will be supporting
the Council of Europe Global Project on Cybercrime
to further implementation of the Budapest Convention
on Cybercrime. This will bring real benefits – including
by working together with entrepreneurs and companies
whose innovation is as crucial to the future as
it has been to our past"
The UK’s contribution of £100,000 will help fund international regional workshops and other activities to strengthen
legislation, train law enforcement agencies and judiciary, promote public-private cooperation and
This is part of the Council of Europe Global Project
on Cybercrime which is now in its third phase after
having already supported over 250 activities worldwide
to promote global implementation of the Budapest
Convention on Cybercrime.
The objective of the project is to promote broad
implementation of the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime
(CETS 185) and related standards and tools.
In November 2011, at the London Conference
on Cyberspace, the Foreign Secretary committed to
support the Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime
during the UK’s chairmanship of the Council of Europe.
[Strasbourg, 1 March 2012]
About 80 representatives
from the two project areas met in Kyiv to exchange
experiences and discuss recent developments related
to criminal money on the Internet.
The event was aimed at raising awareness of the
need for confiscating proceeds from crime on the
internet, strengthening interagency and public-private
cooperation against criminal money on the internet,
as well as at identifying countermeasures (good
practices) to be implemented in participating countries.
The workshop was used to present the new consolidated
FATF Recommendations – and provided a venue for
discussion of the implications of these Recommendations
on measures against criminal money on the Internet.
[Paris, 16 February 2012] The FATF published
the revised 40 Recommendations on Combating Money
Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism and Proliferation.
Recommendation 36 encourages ratification and implementation
of the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime.
[Strasbourg, 6 February 2012] The course
is designed to train local trainers in the delivery
of cybercrime courses for judges and prosecutors
in the project areas of South-eastern Europe.
Subsequently, the project will support a series
of training courses to be delivered by these trainers
in the project areas. This is to provide judges
and prosecutors with basic knowledge needed for
the prosecution and adjudication of cases of cybercrime
or involving electronic evidence.
[Strasbourg, 6 February 2012] The workshop
gathered representatives of the Office of the Public
Prosecutor of Serbia, Ministry of Justice, Ministry
of Interior, Judicial Academy, Parliament, judges
and prosecutors from Serbia. Experts from France,
the Netherlands and Belgium contributed to the event.
The aim of the meeting was to provide advice to
Serbia on the further strengthening of national
Based on the discussion in the meeting, a report
will be drafted providing recommendations for the
authorities of Serbia.
[Strasbourg, 6 February 2012]
of five EAP countries and international experts
discussed the main challenges in the implementation
of the Budapest Convention as well as issues of
gathering and presenting electronic evidence in
the court. The gaps identified include insufficient
implementation of provisions of the Budapest Convention
and lack of experience in gathering and presenting
electronic evidence in the court.
The delegations prepared a set of recommendations
addressing these gaps in their respective countries.
The project will assist their implementation and
support the follow-up to these recommendations.
and looks forward to cooperating with you in 2012!
Plenary of the Cybercrime Convention Committee (T-CY),
Strasbourg, 4-5 June 2012
Octopus Conference, Strasbourg, 6-8 June 2012
the successful conclusion of the Octopus Conference
and Budapest Convention 10th anniversary meeting,
presentations and conference videos are now online.
[Strasbourg, 18 November, 2011]
The joint European
Union and Council of Europe regional projects -
CyberCrime@IPA and Cybercrime@EAP - supported the
participation of 24/7 points of contact from 14
countries in the third training conference of G8.
The Council of Europe 24/7 Network is established
under Article 35 of the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime
in order to facilitate the international cooperation.
This event organised in Rome on 8-10 November, 2011
provided an opportunity for the points of contact
from the countries/areas covered by the two projects
to establish links among themselves as well as to
network with the countries that are members in the
[Strasbourg, 10 November, 2011]
and 10th anniversary session are taking
shape. Speakers will include Robert McLelland (Attorney
General of Australia), Howard Schmidt (US White
House Cybersecurity Coordinator), James Brokenshire
(UK Home Office Minister for Crime and Security),
Christopher Painter (chair of the G8 High-tech crime
sub-group, US State Department) and many others.
Some 250 cybercrime experts from all regions of
the world registered so far. Presentations and materials
are added continuously. A webcast will be available
for Room 1 and the special session on 23 November.
The 6th Plenary
of the T-CY will be held on 23 - 24 November 2011
following the Octopus Conference and Budapest Convention
10th anniversary session.
14 October 2011]
Council of Europe contributed to several panels
and events of the Internet Governance Forum in Nairobi,
Kenya, 27-30 September. This includes the organisation
of a workshop on "cybercrime strategies".
Following this workshop, a
revised discussion paper was prepared. It will
be further discussed at the Octopus conference on
22 November 2011.
21 September 2011] On 21
September, Switzerland became the 32nd State to ratify
the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime.
31 August 2011] The
Government of Japan is joining efforts to ensure
worldwide implementation of the Budapest Convention
and confirmed a voluntary contribution to the Global
Project on Cybercrime. The funds will facilitate
the organisation of the Octopus Conference (Strasbourg,
21-23 November 2011). The Global Project is now
funded by Estonia, Japan, Monaco, Romania, Microsoft
and McAfee as well as the Council of Europe.
[31 August 2011, Strasbourg]
An Azeri version
of the Guidelines for the cooperation between law
enforcement and internet service providers against
cybercrime is now available online. This important
reference document is also available in a number
of other non-official languages of the Council of
Europe, among them Armenian, Georgian, Romanian
was done within the framework of the joint EU/CE
project “Eastern Partnership – Cooperation against
29 August 2011]
workshops on specialized cybercrime units and on
24/7 points of contact will be held in Budva, Montenegro,
from 13 to 15 September 2011 under the CyberCrime@IPA
joint project of the Council of Europe and the European
Union. Participants will, among other things, discuss
a draft good practice study on high-tech crime units.
[Strasbourg, 16 September 2011]
seminar opened a series of regional events aimed
at strengthening the capacities of criminal justice
authorities of the Eastern Partnership countries
to cooperate effectively against cybercrime.
participants – officials from the six Eastern Partnership
countries, assisted by international experts as
well as a representative of GUAM – discussed the
key issues preventing efficient international cooperation
against cybercrime. The problems identified include
slow or no response to mutual legal assistance requests,
gaps in legal frameworks and insufficient training
on the shortcomings identified and good practices
available, delegations prepared a set of recommendations
to address these challenges in their respective
countries. The CyberCrime@EAP project will support
a follow-up to these recommendations.
29 August 2011] The
Attorneys General of Australia, Canada, New Zealand,
the United Kingdom and the USA met in Sydney to
develop an action plan on cybercrime. They agreed,
among other, things, that the five countries should
take steps to become parties to the Budapest Convention
and promote the Convention as the key international
instrument dealing with cybercrime as well as serving
as a basis for capacity building.
29 August 2011] The
Malaysian Communication and Multimedia Commission,
the Judicial and Legal Training Institute (ILKAP)
and the Council of Europe cooperated in the organization
of a cybercrime training workshop for judges, prosecutors
and police officers. A similar workshop had already
been held in October 2010. Such activities are aimed
at institutionalizing cybercrime training in judicial
academies such as ILKAP as proposed in the concept
developed by the Council of Europe.
[22 July 2011, Strasbourg]
of an important resource paper – The Guidelines
for the cooperation between law enforcement and
internet service providers against cybercrime –
is now also available online, in addition to several
other non-official languages.
The translation was
kindly provided by the Police of the Republic of
Armenia, partner of the joint EU/CE project “Eastern
Partnership – Cooperation against Cybercrime” (CyberCrime@EAP)
[21 June 2011, Strasbourg]
Germany conveyed to the Secretary General, the instrument
of ratification of Additional Protocol to the Convention
on cybercrime, concerning the criminalization of
acts of a racist and xenophobic nature committed
through computer systems (CETS 189). The protocol
shall enter into force in respect of Germany on
1st October 2011.
June 2011, Strasbourg] United Kingdom deposited
the instrument of ratification of the Convention
on Cybercrime (ETS 185) on 25 May 2011. The Convention
on Cybercrime will enter into force as regards United
Kingdom on 1 September 2011.
States are now Parties to the Convention.
[12 June 2011, Strasbourg]
from law enforcement agencies, prosecution services
and the private sector met on 9-10 June, 2011 in
Durres (Albania). They discussed the guidelines
for cooperation between law enforcement and internet
service providers against cybercrime, adopted by
the Octopus Conference, Strasbourg, 1-2 April 2008.
Law enforcement experts from Germany, France and
Slovenia as well as representatives from Microsoft
and the Association of the German Internet Industry
(ECO) shared their experience.
The Memoranda of Understanding
signed in 2010 between LEA and ISP in Georgia as
part of the Georgia cybercrime project implemented
by the Council of Europe served as an example of
good practice. At the end of the workshop several
countries recommended that similar agreements be
concluded in their respective countries.
[01 June 2011, Strasbourg] The permanent representative
of Finland to the Council of Europe conveyed to
the Secretary General, the instrument of ratification
of Additional Protocol to the Convention on cybercrime,
concerning the criminalization of acts of a racist
and xenophobic nature committed through computer
systems (CETS 189). The protocol shall enter into
force in respect of Finland on 1st September
[01 June 2011, Strasbourg]This new project was launched through
a regional conference on effective measures against
cybercrime held in Tallinn in cooperation with the
Ministry of Justice of Estonia.
The meeting was opened by the
Minister of Justice of Estonia, Mr. Kristen Michal,
who underlined the importance of cyber-security
and the fight against cybercrime for Estonia and
its effort to support counter-measures at the international
The conference discussed the
priorities of project countries with regard to cybercrime
and electronic evidence. Most project activities
will be regional. This is to reinforce regional
cooperation which is considered essential given
the trans-national nature of cybercrime. Regional
cooperation will furthermore help integrate EaP
countries into European and international efforts
During the meeting, the Steering Committee adopted
the workplan of the project and agreed on implementation
of the Minister of Justice of Estonia
June 2011, Strasbourg] Cybercrime investigators
and representatives of law-enforcement training
institutions from project areas met in Dublin to
initiate a cybercrime law enforcement training strategy.
The meeting was hosted by the
Centre for Cybercrime Investigation at University
College Dublin (UCD) and resulted in the following:
Creation of a regional
working group for law enforcement training
for law enforcement training
ECTEG (European Cybercrime Training and Education
Group) training materials
participants in the Master of Sciences (MSc) programme
in Forensic Computing and Cybercrime Investigation
offered by UCD.
[22 May 2011, Strasbourg]
of the Ministries of Justice, prosecutors and police
officers from the high tech crime units of the project
areas as well as experts from Romania and United
Kingdom attended the event.
The overall objective of the
workshop was to discuss good practices and address
the difficulties encountered to cooperate at the
regional and international level in cybercrime investigations.
How to enhance such cooperation, improve the responsiveness
of the 24/7 points of contact and the efficiency
of MLA as well as how to ensure a better cooperation
between the high tech crime units were the key questions
addressed by the meeting.
During discussions the preparation
of a manual on international cooperation in cybercrime
matters has been initiated and the delegations made
recommendations on the steps to be taken in order
to enhance international cooperation against cybercrime.
[16 May 2011, Strasbourg]
Representatives of the judicial
training institutions, judges, prosecutors and international
experts met in Ohrid to discuss judicial training
strategies on cybercrime and electronic evidence.
The event received wide media
coverage and benefited from the participation of
the Minister of Justice, Mr. Mihajlo Manevski. "Computer
crime is a type of organized crime with very serious
consequences. The increasing of cybercrime requires
greater training but also the implementation of
the law" said Mr. Manevski.
On this occasion a regional working
group was created to develop - with the support
of the project - training manuals for basic and
advanced training courses. Furthermore, the delegations
made recommendations on the steps to be taken to
ensure sustainable judicial training in the region
on these issues.
[28 April 2011, Strasbourg] On 27 April, Lord Tu’ivakano, Prime
Minister of Tonga, opened the Pacific regional workshop
on cybercrime legislation in Nuku’alofa, Tonga.
The event is aimed at supporting 14 Pacific Island
States in the strengthening of legislation in line
with the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime. It is
jointly organised by the Secretariat of the Pacific
Community, the Australian Attorney General’s Department
and the Council of Europe. The workshop follows
the Tonga Declaration of 2010 where ICT Ministers
of the Pacifics agreed to put cybercrime legislation
in place by 2015 and directed their officials to
cooperate with the Council of Europe and other organisations
in this respect.
[15 April 2011, Strasbourg]
workshop jointly organised by ICTA of Sri Lanka
and the Council of Europe helped reinforce cooperation
against cybercrime in South Asia.
held in Colombo on 5 and 6 April 2011, allowed more
than one hundred public and private sector representatives
from Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri
Lanka to exchange good practices and to define steps
torwards stronger legislation in line with the Budapest
Convention on Cybercrime, the strengthening of high-tech
crime units and incident response teams, as well
as more effective interagency, public-private and
[8 April 2011, Strasbourg]
translation of two important resource papers – The
concept paper for the training of judges and prosecutors
in cybercrime and electronic evidence and The Guidelines
for the cooperation between law enforcement and
internet service providers against cybercrime –
is now also available online.
The translations were realised within the framework
of the joint EU/CE regional project “Regional Co-operation
in Criminal Justice: Strengthening capacities in
the fight against cybercrime” (CyberCrime@IPA)
[04 April 2011, Strasbourg]
The regional workshop organised under CyberCrime@IPA
project gathered representatives of ministries of
justice, prosecutors and judges dealing with cybercrime
The aim of the workshop was
to provide advice to project countries/areas on
the strengthening of legislation and follow up to
the recommendations of the cybercrime situation
report drafted under the project.
international experts provided advice on developing
comprehensive legislation that includes efficient
and fast criminal procedure measures and adequate
conditions and safeguards in place.
representatives of the participating countries presented
their national legislative approach and raised the
need for more consistent training on electronic
evidence for judges and prosecutors enabling them
to deal with such cases.
At the end of the workshop
each delegation provided information on the current
status of criminal law reform and drafted recommendations
on possible steps to be taken to strengthen the
legal framework on cybercrime in their country.
[04 April 2011, Strasbourg]
workshop organised under CyberCrime@IPA project
gathered prosecutors, judges, police officers and
representatives of financial investigation units
(FIUs). Bodies responsible for the recovery of criminal
assets, financial institutions and internet service
providers (ISPs) also participated in the workshop.
The workshop was aimed at raising awareness
of the need for confiscating proceeds from crime
on the internet, strengthening interagency and public-private
cooperation against criminal money on the internet
and identifying countermeasures and good practices
that could be implemented in the project countries
The participants of the workshop
recommended a number of specific measures to be
implemented in their respective countries in terms
of criminal material and procedural law, procedures
for mutual legal assistance, further specialisation
and training for law enforcement and judiciary,
cooperation and exchange of information with the
private sector, interagency and international cooperation
as well as raising public awareness.
[25 March 2011, Strasbourg]
The European Union and the Council of Europe
have launched a new joint project on cooperation
against cybercrime in Eastern Europe. The countries
participating in the project are Armenia, Azerbaijan,
Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.
launching event will take place in Tallinn, Estonia,
on 5-6 May 2011.
The funding for CyberCrime@EAP
is provided by the EU under the Council of Europe
Eastern Partnership Facility that supports the reform
process in the six partner countries in four core
fields. The project started on 1 March 2011 with
a duration of thirty months and a budget of Euro
[8 March 2011, Strasbourg]
concept paper for the training of judges and prosecutors
in cybercrime and electronic evidence matters
is now available in Albanian, Bosnian, Macedonian
and Turkish. This concept is aimed at helping judicial
training institutions develop and integrate such
training in regular initial and in-service training.
It will furthermore facilitate networking among
judges and prosecutors to enhance their knowledge
as well as consistent support to training initiatives
by interested partners.
Guidelines for the cooperation between law enforcement
and internet service providers against cybercrime
were adopted by the global Conference "Cooperation
against Cybercrime" (Council of Europe) on 1-2 April
2008 to help law enforcement and service providers
to organise their cooperation while respecting
each others' roles and responsibilities as well
as the rights of internet users.
translations were realised within the framework
of the joint EU/CE regional project “Regional Co-operation
in Criminal Justice: Strengthening capacities in
the fight against cybercrime” (CyberCrime@IPA)
documents will soon be available in Serbian.
The event was organised under the CyberCrime@IPA
joint regional project of the European Union and
the Council of Europe on cooperation against cybercrime
under the Instrument of Pre-Accession.
The conference gathered decision makers and members
of the project teams from the eight project areas,
representatives of partners in the project as well
as experts from Estonia, Georgia, the Netherlands,
Portugal, United Kingdom, the Organization for Security
and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the German Foundation
for International Legal Cooperation (IRZ) and the
private sector (Microsoft).
The conference resulted in the adoption of the project
work plan and the finalisation of the cybercrime
situation report. Senior officials expressed strong
commitment towards domestic measures and regional
cooperation against cybercrime.
2011, Strasbourg] The 2011 conference
on cooperation against cybercrime is finally scheduled
for 21 to 23 November 2011 in Strasbourg.
Themes to include:
10th anniversary of the Budapest Convention: SWOT
Cybercrime capacity building
Monitoring progress against cybercrime
March 2011, Lisbon]
The Council of Europe will contribute
to an event organised by the Academy of European
Law, which is intended as a platform to debate and
assess all legal measures to prevent and combat
the production, processing, possession and distribution
of child pornography material on the internet and
to promote the effective investigation and prosecution
of offences in this area of law.
The most recent
European legal acts and complementary measures such
as the 2007 Council of Europe Convention on the
Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation
and Sexual Abuse (CETS No. 201) and the current
EU proposal for a Directive on combating the sexual
abuse, sexual exploitation of children and child
pornography, repealing Framework Decision 2004/68/JHA,
will be debated.
event was organised within the framework of the
joint CoE/EU Project on Strengthening and Protecting
Women's and Children's Rights in Ukraine (TRES)
in cooperation with the CoE global Project on Cybercrime
and with the support of Microsoft.
Officials responsible for law reform and investigators
from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova,
Russian Federation and Ukraine participated in the
event and shared their national experiences in fighting
against online sexual abuse of children.
Public and private sector organisations and initiatives
engaged in this field, such as the European Union,
OECD, Interpol, ICMEC, ECPAT, eNACSO, La Strada
and Microsoft promoted good practices and contributed
to the discussion on strategies and policies to
promote a safer Internet for children.
[19 Oct 2010, Strasbourg] The European
Union and the Council of Europe have agreed to launch
a new joint project on cooperation against cybercrime
in South-Eastern Europe. The project will start
on 1 November 2010 with a duration of two years
and a budget of Euro 2.8 million.
[18 Oct 2010, Strasbourg]
A cybercrime training workshop for
judges and prosecutors will be held at the Judicial
and Legal Training Institute at Bandar Baru Bangi,
Selangor, Malaysia from 25 to 29 October 2010. Council
of Europe will contribute this event through the
Global Project on Cybercrime.
2010, Yogyakarta] An international
seminar on prosecuting cybercrime and collecting
digital evidence was organised in Yogyakarta, Indonesia,
on 23 September 2010 by the Directorate General
of Information and Communication Technology. The
Council of Europe contributed to this event. Discussions
on draft laws showed that Indonesia is bringing
its legislation in line with the Budapest Convention
2010, Strasbourg] The Council of Europe
will contribute to a range of workshops and sessions
at the IGF in Vilnius. These include a workshop
to discuss the Budapest Convention as a common basis
for joint action against cybercrime.
2010, Strasbourg] The Council of National
Security of Mexico and the Council of Europe organised
a regional workshop for countries of Latin America
that are in the process of adopting relevant legislation
or are considering accession to the Budapest Convention
2010, Strasbourg] The United Nations
Commission For Africa, Microsoft and the Council
of Europe will cooperate in a regional workshop
for countries of Northern Africa with the aim of
promoting harmonisation of cybercrime legislation.
2010, Strasbourg] The global Project
on Cybercrime depends on voluntary funding. In July
2010, Monaco and Microsoft announced additional
contributions to allow this project to continue
making a global impact.
2010, Strasbourg] The Council of Europe
supported the Working Group responsible for cybercrime
legislation under the Council of Ministers of Cambodia
in the organisation of a national workshop. The
event was preceded by detailed discussions on current
and proposed legislation on cybercrime.
2010, Strasbourg] Additional country
profiles are now available for Germany and Portugal.
Profiles serve as useful resources for countries
in the process of developing legislation. Knowledge
of the legislation of other jurisdictions furthermore
facilitates international cooperation.
2010, Strasbourg] The Ministers and
senior officials responsible for information technologies
of the Pacific Region meeting in Tonga agreed to
work with the Council of Europe and other organisations
in the strengthening of legislation and other measures
on cybercrime. The Council of Europe through the
Project on Cybercrime had contributed a discussion
paper to this meeting.
2010, Strasbourg] The EU/COE Joint
Project on Cybercrime in Georgia, which has been
implemented between 1 June 2009 – 31 May 2010, was
designed to contribute to the security of and confidence
in information and communication technologies in
Georgia by helping the authorities develop a consistent
policy on cybercrime in view of implementing the
Convention on Cybercrime (ETS 185).
than one year, with the support of the Project activities
and benefited from the strong commitment and involvement
of the Georgian project counterparts (the Ministry
of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs and other
national institutions), Georgia has made important
progress in fighting cybercrime.
Conference represented an opportunity for the Project
partners, the European Union and the Council of
Europe to review the achievements of the Project
and its impact on the fight against cybercrime in
2010, Strasbourg] Taking into account
the transnational dimension of cybercrime, the Regional
Workshop on Cybercrime was intended to focus on
strengthening international cooperation in cybercrime
investigations. Representatives and experts on cybercrime
from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Estonia, Georgia, Italy,
Moldova, The Netherlands, Norway, Romania, Spain,
Turkey, Ukraine and United Kingdom as well as Interpol
and the private sector participated in the event
and shared best practices and experiences.
workshop particularly focused on the:
state and effectiveness of cybercrime legislation
harmonised with international standards;
strengthening of skills of law enforcement and
criminal justice authorities regarding the investigation,
prosecution and adjudication of cybercrime;
cooperation between law enforcement and service
providers in such investigations;
enhancing international cooperation on cybercrime.
release of the Ministry of Justice of Georgia
2010, Strasbourg] The Project supported
the development of training programmes on cybercrime
and electronic evidence for law enforcement, judges
and prosecutors in Georgia. This course contributed
to the reinforcement of Georgian training capacities
by “training the trainers” in delivering such courses.
This was the second and last module of the course
which started in March 2010.
2010, Strasbourg] The "Cybercrime
training for judges: training manual" elaborated
in the framework of the Council of Europe Global
Project on Cybercrime as well as the Guide on seizure
on e-evidence are now available in Georgian.
April 2010, Strasbourg] This three-day Summit will focus on
the operational challenges and the development of
common resources for the first responders and forensic
professionals who protect consumers and enterprises
from the ecrime threat every day. Presenters will
proffer case studies of national and regional economies
under attack, narratives of successful trans-national
forensic cooperation as well as models for cooperation
and unified response against ecrime and data resources
for forensic activities.
2010, Strasbourg] The implementation of existing tools and instruments,
in particular the Budapest Convention, is the most
effective way to help countries worldwide address
cybercrime'' – this was the main message successfully
delivered at the 12th United Nations Congress on
Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.
on 19 April, the ''Salvador Declaration'' confirms
the need for a global capacity building effort to
strenghten the full implementation of existing treaties
and standards – while continuing to study new remedies.
Calling for an action plan, the Council of Europe
expressed its readiness to cooperate with the UN
Office on Drugs and Crime, the European Union and
others in reviewing needs, mobilising resources
and providing technical assistance.
April 2010, Strasbourg] The
calls in its "Key Messages" for the best possible
use of already available tools, instruments, good
practices and initiatives and in particular of the
Budapest Convention on Cybercrime which implementation
should be worldwide to sustain legislatives reforms
The Conference recommends
the launching by the Council of Europe and the United
Nations of a global action plan to get
a clear picture of criminal justice capacities and
urgent needs, mobilise resources, provide support
and assess progress made.
was held on 23-25 March 2010 in Strasbourg and gathered
more than 300 cybercrime experts representing countries
from all continents, international organisations
and the private sector to enhance their cooperation
April 2010, Strasbourg]
The "Key Messages" of Octopus were
reflected in the speech delivered by the French
Minister of Interior, Mr Brice Hortefeux at the
4th International Forum on Cybercriminality. This
Forum is organised by the French Gendarmerie on
31 March - 1 April 2010 in Lille.
March 2010, Strasbourg]
The "Key messages from the Octopus
Conference" adopted during the final plenary session
of the Conference are now available.
[24 March 2010, Strasbourg]
The videos of the plenary sessions and some workshops
are available at
Octopus 2010 page
[24 March 2010,
Strasbourg]Portugal deposited the instrument
of ratification of the Convention on Cybercrime
(ETS 185) and its Additional Protocol concerning
the criminalisation of acts of racist and xenophobic
nature committed through computer systems (ETS 189)
on 24 March 2010, during the Octopus Interface Conference.
Both treaties will enter into force in Portugal
on 1 July 2010.
[17 March 2010, Strasbourg]
The Octopus Interface
Conference 2010 will take place on 23-25 March 2010
in Strabourg. It will be launched with a high-level
panel on “Security and fundamental rights – what
rules for the internet”. The conference will focus
in particular on the need for a global capacity
building effort to enable countries worldwide to
cope with crimes committed on the Internet.
More than 300 experts from all over the world, representing
governments, law enforcement authorities, international
organisations and the Internet industry, will discuss:
Security and privacy in cloud computing
measures against the sexual exploitation and abuse
of children on the internet
The Budapest Convention on Cybercrime as a global
Cybercrime training for judges and prosecutors
Law enforcement responsibilities: the role of
high-tech crime units, CERTs/CSIRTs, ICANN, registries
Mapping networks against cybercrime
Technical cooperation against cybercrime
The Conference will
take place in the Palais de l'Europe of the Council
of Europe in Strasbourg, France. For those not able
to participate there will be a live webcast of plenary
and some of the workshop sessions at
file on the Octopus Conference
file on cybercrime
[16 March 2010, Strasbourg]
Monaco and Estonia have
become new partners and joined the global effort
against cybercrime by making new voluntary contributions
to the Global Project on Cybercrime.
continues to provide a strong and highly valuable
support in the global undertaking against cybercrime
through new funding provided to the Project.
Since its launching in March 2009, the Global
Project on Cybercrime (Phase 2) has been co-funded
by Romania, Monaco, Estonia, Microsoft and McAfee.
[16 March 2010, Strasbourg]
Montenegro and Azerbaijan
deposited the instrument of ratification of the
Convention on Cybercrime (ETS 185), respectively
on 3 and 15 March 2010. The Convention on Cybercrime
will enter into force as regards this two States
on 1 July 2010.
28 States are now Parties
to the Convention.
of the Secretary General of the Council of Europe to
the UN Crime Congress is now available.