Psychological care - Netherlands
- European multidisciplinary guideline - Early psychosocial interventions after disasters, terrorism and other shocking events [EN]
The guideline was developed in 2007, by 18 professional organisations. Impact, the Dutch National Knowledge and Advice Centre for post disaster psychosocial care had the lead in this process. The guideline is evidence-based, reflecting not only the international scientific state of the art, but also the existing consensus on best practice. This guideline has global potential. Recent research has clearly shown that the systematic method used to develop this guideline is applied across the globe (...).
- Early psychosocial interventions after disasters, terrorism, and other shocking events: Guideline development [EN]
Although most victims of disasters, terrorism, or other shocking events recover on their own, a sizable amount of these victims develops long-term disaster-related problems.These victims should receive timely and appropriate psychosocial help. This article describes the development of guidelines on psychosocial interventions during the first 6 weeks after a major incident. Scientific literature, expert opinions, and consensus among relevant parties in the clinical field were used to formulate the recommendations. Early screening, a supportive context, early preventive and curative psychosocial interventions, and the organization of interventions are covered. The implications for the clinical field and future research are discussed. It is concluded that the international knowledge base provides valuable input for the development of national guidelines. However, the successful implementation of such guidelines can take place only if they are legitimated and accepted by
local key actors and operational target groups. Their involvement during the development process is vital (...).