Cyberviolence series: Hate Speech and Restrictive Measures
Menno ETTEMA, Council of Europe, Programme Manager, Anti-Discrimination Department, No Hate Speech and Cooperation Unit: Hate speech standards and action of the Council of Europe
Albin DEARING, Project Manager, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA): Hate speech online and focus on victims’ rights
Katrin NYMAN METCALF, Cybersecurity East Project expert, Estonia: Hate speech regulation practice with focus on restrictive measures
As proposed in the Council of Europe Cybercrime Convention Committee (T-CY) Mapping study on cyberviolence: “Cyberviolence is the use of computer systems to cause, facilitate, or threaten violence against individuals that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, psychological or economic harm or suffering and may include the exploitation of the individual’s circumstances, characteristics or vulnerabilities.”
This definition, although still being a work on progress, suggests an extreme breadth of topics that are covered by the concept of cyberviolence. Hate speech online, although identified as one of the forms of cyberviolence by the T-CY, still remains a controversial concept against the general background of the freedom of speech and free Internet.
At the same time, there is undoubtedly a need for action on hate speech online. Perhaps, very recent (January 2021) examples of alleged incitement to violence that led to physical assault on legislative institutions in the United States, causing unfortunate casualties, may be one of the potential examples of the breadth and impact of the problem.
The purpose of this webinar is to discuss current state of hate speech expressed through the use of information and communications technology, and to identify effective and balanced ways in which restrictive measures can address it.
The webinar is designed to encourage an interactive participation, and to facilitate information-sharing among participants, exchanging relevant experiences and good practices, and discussing challenges and opportunities.
- Present relevant European standards on hate speech and their current relevance/applicability to online environment;
- Identify and discuss possible response and restrictive measures that can be used to combat hate speech online;
- Discuss roles and responsibilities of various institutions and actors, including law enforcement, in deterring and handling hate speech online;
- Present good practices in dealing with hate speech online while respecting individual rights and guarantees.
- The Council of Europe maintains a dedicated page on cyberviolence, with sections on:
- Legislation on cyberviolence;
- Inventory of initiatives, policies, strategies on cyberviolence;
- Resources on cyberviolence.
- Council of Europe, T-CY Mapping Study on Cyberviolence (2018)
- Council of Europe, Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime, concerning the criminalisation of acts of racist and xenophobic nature committed through computer systems
- Council of Europe, No Hate Speech Movement
- Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), No Hate Parliamentary Alliance
- European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), General Policy Recommendation no. 15 on combating hate speech
- Council of Europe, Work on hate speech
- Council of Europe, Committee of Experts on Combating Hate Speech (ADI/MSI-DIS)
- Counil of Europe, HELP Platform (Human Rights Education for Legal Professionals) – Course on hate crime and hate speech
- Council of Europe, Fighting discrimination, hate crime and hate speech in Georgia
- Council of Europe, C-PROC, Webinar: Introduction to Cyberviolence (resources)