|Steering Committee (CDMSI)|
|Bureau of the Committee (CDMSI-BU)|
|Former Steering Committee (CDMC)|
|Former Bureau of the Committee (CDMC-BU)|
|Rights of Internet Users|
|Legal and Human Rights Capacity Building|
|FORMER GROUPS OF SPECIALISTS|
|Public Service Media Governance|
|Protection Neighbouring Rights of Broadcasting Organisations|
|Public service Media|
Conference Freedom of Expression and Democracy in the Digital Age -
Opportunities, Rights, Responsibilities, Belgrade, 7-8/11/2013
Conference "The Hate factor in political speech - Where do responsibilities lie?", Warsaw18-19 September 2013
Conference "Tackling hate speech - Living together on-line", Budapest 27-28/11/2012
|Conference of Ministers, Reykjavik - Iceland, 28-29 May 2009|
|European Dialogue on Internet Governance (EuroDIG)|
|Committee of Ministers texts|
|Parliamentary Assembly texts|
Strasbourg, 19 may 2008
GROUP OF SPECIALISTS ON HUMAN RIGHTS
Item 1 of the agenda: Opening of the meeting and adoption of the agenda
The Group of Specialists on Human Rights in the Information Society (MC-S-IS) held its 9th meeting in Strasbourg from 31 March to 2 April 2008. The agenda was adopted.
Item 2 of the agenda: Election of Chair and Vice-Chair
The Group re-elected Mr Thomas Schneider (Switzerland) as Chairperson and Mr Michael Truppe (Austria) as Vice-Chairperson for a further one-year term of office.
Item 3 of the agenda: Decisions of the Committee of Ministers of interest to the work of the MC-S-IS
The Secretariat informed the Group of the recent adoption by the Committee of Ministers of the following instruments:
- Recommendation CM/Rec(2008)6 on measures to promote the respect for freedom of expression and information with regard to Internet filters. The Committee of Ministers also took note of the corresponding report on the use and impact of technical filtering measures for various types of content in the online environment;
- Declaration on protecting the dignity, security and privacy of children on the Internet;
- Declaration on the management of the digital dividend and the public interest;
- Recommendation CM/Rec(2007)16 on measures to promote the public service value of the Internet.
The Secretariat also informed the Group about the decision of the Committee of Ministers to give ad-hoc terms of reference to the CDMC to resume examination of the protection of neighbouring rights of broadcasting organisations, by, in the first place, taking stock of the situation and, if justified, elaborating a draft Council of Europe binding instrument designed to reinforce the protection of the neighbouring rights of broadcasting organisations.
Item 4 of the agenda: Other information of interest to the work of the MC-S-IS
The Secretariat provided information on the Council of Europe’s contributions to and participation in the 2nd Internet Governance Forum (IGF) (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 12 to 15 November 2007) and on the (provisional) final recommendations flowing from the Pan-European conference on ethics and human rights in the information society, organised by the French National Commission for UNESCO in cooperation with the Council of Europe and UNESCO (Strasbourg, 13 and 14 September 2007).
Item 5 of the agenda: Discussion of possible themes and topics for the 1st European Ministerial Conference on media and new communication services (Reykjavik, May 2009) and the future terms of reference of the MC-S-IS
In response to the request of the CDMC, the Group considered possible discussion themes and action plan points for the First Ministerial Conference on the Media and New Communication Services of the Members States of the Council of Europe (Reykjavik, 28-29 May 2009). The discussions highlighted several issues and possible themes including:
- weblogs/citizen-journalism and traditional media and the impact of blogs and online media on concepts and principles in traditional media regulation (professional journalistic standards and ethics, protection of sources, right of reply, etc.);
- the Internet as a threat to or a vehicle for democracy;
- the role and responsibilities of gate-keepers (in particular search engines) and commercial and non-commercial content-aggregators (Wikipedia, etc.);
- anonymity and identity on the Internet, in particular with regard to profiling and traceability and the “right” to anonymous browsing;
- the protection of human dignity in the new communication environment, in particular with regard to user-generated content and young people;
- monitoring human rights in the information society, including better evaluation and monitoring procedures regarding the effectiveness and impact of Council of Europe standard setting instruments.
The Chairperson concluded the discussions by inviting the Secretariat to draw up an issue paper on the basis of the possible themes and topics put forward by the Group. This paper should be sent out to the Group for comments and thereafter transmitted to the CDMC Bureau.
Action for the Secretariat: To draft an issue paper on the basis of the discussions at the meeting and transmit this paper to the meeting of the CDMC Bureau on 28-29 April 2008.
Action for the Group: To send comments on the draft issue paper to the Secretariat.
Item 6 of the agenda: Report on emerging issues and trends in respect of, on the one hand, the protection of intellectual property rights (IPR) and technical protection measures (TPMs) in the context of the development of new communication and information services (and the Internet) and, on the other hand, the fundamental right to freedom of expression and free flow of information, access to knowledge and education, the promoting of research and scientific development and the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions and artistic creation and, if appropriate, make concrete proposals for further action in this area (cf. item 18 of the Kyiv Action Plan)
The consultant expert, Dr Florian Philapitsch (Austrian Communications Authority), provided information on the trends and issues with respect to copyright and freedom of expression and the need to strike a balance between the two in the digital age. He also informed the Group of his views and proposals regarding the elaboration of the draft report (see Powerpoint presentation).
In discussing the draft report’s references to next steps and possible elements for a Council of Europe standard-setting instrument, certain members considered that the report contained an underlying tone of suggested conflict between copyright and freedom of expression and information which, they argued, was false. Other members underlined the value of the findings in the report, in particular the concrete proposals for next steps, which could usefully be build into a draft standard-setting instrument.
Overall, the discussions resulted in general agreement by the Group to revise the draft report further in light of the comments and discussions and with emphasis on flexible solutions falling within the existing framework of national and international copyright law. Some members underlined that it should be also considered as a result of the Group’s work that there are heterogeneous views among member states as regards the necessity to take further action in certain areas.
The Chairperson thanked Dr. Philapitsch for his presentation and important contributions to the discussions. He underlined the need to fulfil the Group’s mandate which should include identifying key elements in the report which could form the basis for drawing up a draft Council of Europe standard-setting instrument on protection of copyright and the exercise of fundamental rights and freedoms in the information society. He invited the Secretariat to further revise the report in light of the discussions and to send the revised text to the Group for comments.
Action for the Secretariat on the draft Report: to prepare and send to the Group the revised draft Report.
Action for the Group on the revised draft Report: to further reflect and, in consultation with experts, comment on the revised draft Report, in particular as to its conclusions and with regard to possible elements for a Council of Europe standard-setting instrument.
Item 7 of the agenda: Development of tools to assist key state and non-state actors in their practical understanding of, and compliance with, human rights and fundamental freedoms in the Information Society in particular with regard to Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights (cf. items 19 and 23 of the Kyiv Action Plan)
Internet Service Providers
The Secretariat presented a revised version of the draft practical guidelines for Internet Service Providers (ISPs) underlining the unique character of the guidelines as non-binding instruments addressed directly to non-state actors.
The Secretariat informed the Group about its contacts and meeting with EuroISPA, representatives of Austrian ISPs and Council of Europe Secretariat and experts. This meeting signalled that EuroISPA, as the representative European body for national associations of ISPs, was positive about the draft guidelines and welcomed their development.
Dr. Kurt Einzinger, President of EuroISPA, underlined the importance of striking a balance between the different types of, and roles for, ISPs and the demands made of them by, on the one hand, law enforcement agencies and, on the other hand, by Internet users. He added that legal certainty was paramount in order for ISPs to respect and respond to such demands.
During discussions, the Group stressed points and issues including:
- the positive role played by ISPs in assisting users to exercise their human rights in the information society;
- the need for clarity concerning the scope of the guidelines and the importance of distinguishing between the roles and responsibilities of Internet access providers and ISPs providing additional services such as hosting, content or applications;
- the need to make it clear that the draft guidelines are non-binding and without prejudice to obligations for ISPs under national or international law;
- the importance of transparency regarding the activities of ISPs, in particular with regard to network neutrality, filtering, blocking and taking down of content;
- the need to ensure consistency between the draft guidelines and other Council of Europe guidelines on cooperation between law enforcement and ISPs against cybercrime prepared in the context of an international conference hosted by the Council of Europe on 1 and 2 April 2008.
Online games providers
The Secretariat introduced a revised version of the draft practical guidelines for online games providers and informed the Group about its contacts with the Interactive Software Federation of Europe (ISFE) and the meeting held between them, representatives of Microsoft and the Council of Europe Secretariat and experts. This positive meeting was constructive and demonstrated the willingness of the Federation to cooperate in the development and implementation of the guidelines.
Mr Patrice Chazerand, Secretary-General of ISFE, considered that the draft guidelines were balanced. He made reference to the extensive efforts of the industry to encourage best practice among its members through the Pan European Game Information system (PEGI) and the PEGI Online Safety Code (POSC), initiatives referred to in the draft guidelines. He called for more government commitment to support the implementation of these self-regulatory mechanisms, especially the POSC, established only last year, which could have more outreach and impact.
During discussions, the Group stressed several points:
- information to parents and gamers on the packaging of the game and in the game itself should be made available in the local languages of the country where the game is marketed;
- draft guidelines should target developers and publishers of online games although certain parts of the guidelines, such as those concerning parental control tools, could also be addressed to producers of gaming consoles and platforms;
- it should be made clear that the guidelines are non-binding and without prejudice to obligations for online games providers under national or international law;
- advertising for and in games should respect the age-rating and labelling of the games in order to ensure that children are not exposed to advertising content unsuitable for their age group;
- the Council of Europe might consider organizing events jointly with the industry on national and international level.
Overall, with regard to both the guidelines for ISPs and for online games providers, the Group underlined the importance of continuing these positive contacts and cooperation in order to maximise reach, impact and visibility of its work. The Group stressed that similar guidelines for other non-state actors, such as moderators of social networking sites or operators of search engines, could be developed by the Group.
The Chairperson concluded the discussions by inviting the Secretariat to revise the two sets of draft guidelines in light of discussions and to send them to the Group and industry representatives for further comments.
Action for the Secretariat: to revise and re-send the draft guidelines on ISPs and games providers to the Group and industry representatives for further comments.
Action for the Group: to provide comments on the revised draft guidelines in order for the Secretariat to submit these guidelines to the meeting of the CDMC Bureau.
Action for the Secretariat: to prepare new draft guidelines targeting the moderators of social networking sites.
Item 8 of the agenda: Examination of the respect for human dignity in the new communication services and, if appropriate, make concrete proposals for further action designed to complement or reinforce existing standards in this area (cf. item 27 of the Kyiv Action Plan)
The consultant expert, Professor Divina Frau-Meigs (University of Paris 3-Sorbonne, France), presented her report on human dignity between media policies and media educations. She highlighted the difficulties in defining dignity and the very fragmented legal landscape with regard to human dignity. She proposed that the Council of Europe could develop a more coherent rationale for human dignity that would - rather than using a negative approach trying to define what actions are contrary to human dignity - use a positive approach treating human dignity as an individual right which is the basis for human rights. The exercise of this right would need a three-pronged approach: degradation/protection, transmission/education and accountability/monitoring. She proposed to create indicators for dignity and human rights in the media and communication services, so as to keep track of their enforcement and their infringement and further proposed- if such indicators were constructed - to provide a toolkit for their implementation by various actors. Such a toolkit should include self-empowering aspects (e.g. on how to create an e-portfolio of oneself) but also include a mechanism to receive complaints about infringements of human dignity and maybe also a human dignity and rights forum.
The Group welcomed the expert report, its depth of analysis and in particular its wide-ranging and interesting recommendations, and discussed its findings and the implications for the direction and scope of the Group’s future work. The Group agreed that this would be worth developing further and would be a relevant subject that should be discussed in the frame of the upcoming Ministerial Conference in Reykjavik in 2009. For the future work of the Group, it was felt necessary to break down this complex issue into small and more easily understandable concrete steps. This led to consensus to focus, in the short term, on developing human dignity guidelines for social networking sites. There was general agreement that this is a very important part of the Group’s mandate where there is need for more work to develop further the different aspects of human dignity, also beyond the timeframe of the Group’s current terms of reference.
The Chairperson concluded the discussions by calling for members that could lead the work in this area which led to formation of an informal working group comprising representatives of Ukraine, Portugal and Ireland being constituted. The Chairperson invited the informal working group, with the assistance of the Secretariat, to prepare a set of human dignity guidelines for social networking sites to be considered by the Group at its next meeting.
Action for the informal working Group (Ukraine, Ireland, Portugal) with the assistance of the Secretariat: To prepare a set of draft guidelines for protection of human dignity by social networking sites in good time before the next meeting.
Item 9 of the agenda: Standard-setting instrument which promotes a coherent pan-European level of protection for children from harmful content when using new communication technologies and services and the Internet, while ensuring freedom of expression and the free flow of information (cf. items 17, 19 and 23 of the Kyiv Action Plan)
The consultant expert, Ms Andrea Millwood-Hargrave, presented her report on the protection of minors from harmful content highlighting the existence of evidence showing that there may be a risk of harm to children caused by accessing inappropriate content through the Internet. The expert also presented her proposals for elements for a standard-setting instrument centred on the possible development of a Pan-European trustmark that can be used to indicate sites and content that adhere to Council of Europe standards and values. She stressed that such a trustmark should not be abused in order to restrict access to information but should be used as a tool to for example encourage parents - who would otherwise not allow their children to go online at all - to develop trust in those parts of the web that follow certain criteria with regard to appropriate content for children. Public service broadcasters could, for instance, provide child safe entries to the Internet.
The Group discussed the report and proposals made by the expert. Some members underlined the difficulties in labelling or signposting websites containing user-generated content and also highlighted the potential impact on freedom of expression and information when applying labelling, signposting and/or filtering systems. Subject to these concerns, there was general agreement to proceed with the task according to the mandate of the Group and to draft a standard-setting instrument on the basis of the report by the expert while building in further safeguards regarding freedom of expression and information. It was also found useful to gather more information from member states regarding their national legislations on child protection and illegal and harmful content.
An informal working group consisting of representatives of Austria, Switzerland and EDRI was constituted to lead this work.
The Chairperson concluded the discussions by inviting the Secretariat to request member states to submit information on their national legislations on child protection and illegal and harmful content. The Chairperson invited the informal working group, with the assistance of the expert and the Secretariat, to revise the report and prepare a draft standard-setting instrument in good time before its next meeting.
Action for the Secretariat: To request member states to submit information on their national legislations regarding illegal and harmful content and child protection and to consolidate this information and transmit it to the Group.
Action for the Group: To send information to the Secretariat on their national legislations regarding illegal and harmful content and child protection.
Action for the informal working group (Austria, Switzerland, EDRI): On the basis of the information provided by the Group and in co-operation with the consultant expert and the Secretariat, prepare a revised version of the report and a standard-setting instrument in good time before its next meeting.
Item 10 of the agenda: Updating the Council of Europe Handbook on Internet Literacy
Mrs Janice Richardson (INSAFE/European Schoolnet) presented an updated and revised 3rd edition of the Internet Literacy handbook, including new fact sheets on web 2.0 and social networking sites.
Mr Michael Remmert, Project Manager, "Good Governance in the Information Society", Directorate General of Democracy and Political Affairs, proposed and presented a new fact-sheet on e-democracy, prepared by the Council of Europe Ad-hoc committee on e-democracy (CAHDE).
The Group welcomed the comprehensive revisions and additions to the Handbook. It was agreed that it would be useful to add more information to the Handbook on how teachers and parents can report concerns and request assistance as well as a list of national or European contact points. The importance of adding human rights information and references was also underlined.
The Secretariat informed about the online children’s’ game “Through the Wild Web Woods” which is based on the Handbook and has been very successful. The game is presently available in 14 different languages on a dedicated website1. The Secretariat also informed the Group about the establishment of a new Council of Europe website on Internet literacy2 where a number of different language versions of the Handbook (presently 7) can be downloaded.
Ms Janice Richardson informed the Group about interest from Egyptian authorities in facilitating an Arabic translation of the Handbook and the Chairperson provided information about plans to translate the Handbook into German language. The Group welcomed these developments.
The Group acknowledged that the Handbook is a very important and valuable tool that could be further developed, for instance by establishing virtual classrooms to allow exchange of best practices between teachers. There was agreement to try to explore different ways to further improve the impact of the Handbook, in particular by reinforcing the commitment among member states to adapt and distribute the Handbook on the national level and to improve the reporting back on best practices among member states. On the basis of the discussions, the Chairperson presented a paper with some proposals for further action which could be brought to the attention of the CDMC.
Action for the Secretariat in co-operation with Ms Janice Richardson (INSAFE/European Schoolnet): to finalise the revised 3rd of the Handbook in light of the agreed changes at the meeting.
Action for the informal working group (Malta and Switzerland): to send to the Secretariat proposals to include human rights information and references to the Handbook.
Action for the Group: to report back at the next meeting on local and national initiatives to translate, distribute and implement the Handbook, and to adapt its content to promote diversity of cultural expressions.
Item 11 of the agenda: Follow-up Council of Europe work on Internet governance and on the implementation of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) action lines regarding the media (C9) and the ethical dimensions of the Information Society (C10)
Agenda item 11 was taken together with item 4 (see above).
Item 12 of the agenda: Follow-up to Recommendation Rec (2006)12 on empowering children in the new information and communications environment (cf. items 23 of the Kyiv Action Plan)
Agenda item 12 was taken together with item 13 (see below).
Item 13 of the agenda: Follow-up to the action lines and general report of the Pan-European Forum on Human Rights in the Information Society: Empowering children and young people (Yerevan, 5 and 6 October 2006)
The Secretariat informed about the European workshop on media literacy development, held in Graz, Austria, from 5 to 7 December 2007. The workshop discussed the competences, skills and attitudes of a democratic citizen in respect of the media (including the new communication and information environment) and ways of promoting these in formal and non-formal education. The discussions addressed these key questions while relating them to core concepts such as democratic citizenship, human rights and intercultural dialogue.
Item 14 of the agenda: Other business
There was a brief discussion on ways to reinforce impact and visibility for the considerable output of standards and tools resulting from the Group’s work, in particular by introducing more systematic reporting back from member states on the implementation of adopted standards and tools.
There were discussions about the dates of the next meeting and it was agreed to change them. The 10th meeting will now take place from 22 to 24 September 2008.
* * *
List of participants
MEMBER STATES/ETATS MEMBRES
Mr Taulant Topciu, Desk Officer in the Press and Information Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Tirana, Albania
M. David Sandukchyan, Head of Legal Department Internews, Yerevan, Armenia
M. Michael Truppe, Legal Advisor, Federal Chancellery, Department for Media Affairs, Coordination Information Society, Vienna, Austria
Ms Nelly Stoyanova, Director of Information Society and Information Technologies, State Agency for Information Technology, Sofia, Bulgaria
Ms Kristina Hautala-Kajos, Counsellor for Cultural Affairs, Ministry of Education and Culture, Science and Culture, Finland
Mme Axelle Hovine, Adjointe au chef du bureau du régime juridique, de la presse et de la Société d’Information, Direcction du développement des médias, Service du Premier Ministre, France
Mme Maria Giannakaki, Bureau de Presse et de Communication, Représentation Permanente de la Grèce auprès du Conseil de l’Europe, Strasbourg, France
Mr Pascal Mooney, Dublin, Ireland
Mr Hubert Theuma, Senior Counsel for the Republic, Office of the Attorney General of the Republic, Valetta, Malta
Republic of Moldova/Moldavie
Mrs Dorina Roman, Head of Mass Media and Public Relations Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European IntegrationRepublic of Moldova
Ms Kari Ann Lang-Ree, Senior Adviser, Ministry of Culture and Church Affairs, Oslo, Norway
Mr Rui Assis Ferreira, Member of the Regulator Council of ERC, Entidade Reguladora para a Comunicação, Regulatory Entity for the Media, Lisbon, Portugal
Russian Fedération, Fédération de Russie
Slovak Republic/République de Slovaquie
Mr Pavel Bojnansky, Director General of Directorate for Informatization, Ministry of Finance of the Slovak Republic, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Mr Thomas Schneider, Service des Affaires Internationales, Office fédéral de la communication, Bienne, Suisse
Mr Nurallah Öztürk, Head of Monitoring and Evaluation Department, Radio and Television Supreme Council, Ankara, Turkey
Mr Nihat Çaylat, Ankara, Turkey
Ms Oksana Prikhogko, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr Michael LUKAS, Bischöfliche Pressestelle, Hildesheim - Allemagne
United States of America/Etats-Unis d’Amérique
Alliance for a Media Literate Europe (AMLA)
Mr Par Lundgren, Project Manager, Alliance for a Media Literate Europe, Karlstad, Sweden
Association of Commercial Television in Europe (ACT)/
Association des Télévisions Commerciales en Europe (ACT)
European Audiovisual Observatory/Observatoire européen de l’audiovisuel
European Broadcasting Union (EBU)
Union européenne de Radio-Télévision (UER)
Mr Heijo Ruijsennars, Conseiller Juridique, Union Européenne de Radio-Télévision, Genève, Suisse
European Consumers’ Organisation (BEUC)/Bureau Européen des Unions de Consommateurs (BEUC)
European Digital Rights
Mme Meryem MARZOUKI, Présidente, European Digital Rights, Paris, France
European Internet Co-Regulatory Network
European Internet Service Providers’ Association in Europe (Euro-ISPA)/Association Européenne des Fournisseurs de Services Internet (Euro-ISPA)
Dr Kurt Einzinger, President of European Internet Service Providers’ Association (EuroISPA), Vienna, Austria
European Newspaper Publishers’ Association (ENPA)/Associtaion Européenne des Editeurs de Journaux (ENPA)
Mr Henrik Munthe, Attorney at law, Oslo, Norway
Ms Janice Richardson, Insafe Project Manager, European Schoolnet, Brussels, Belgium
International Federation of Journalists/Fédération Internationale des Journalistes
Internet Content Rating Association (ICRA)/Associtaion de Classification du Contenu de l'Internet (ICRA)
Internews International Europe
OTHER PARTICIPANTS / AUTRES PARTICIPANTS
European Commission/Commission Européenne
Parlementary Assembly/Assemblée Parlementaire
Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of Europe/Congrès des Pouvoirs Locaux et Régionaux de l’Europe
Mr Dario GHISLETTA, Deputy Mayor, Bellinzona, Switzerland
Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)/
Organisation pour la Sécurité et la Coopération en Europe (OSCE)
Ms Divina Frau-Meigs, Professeur, Sociologue des Médias, Université Paris 3, France
Ms Andrea Millwood-Hargrave, Walton on Thames, United Kingdom
Dr Florian Philapitsch, Kommunikationsbehörde Austria, Vienna, Austria
Mr Patrice Chazerand, Secretary General, Interactive Software Federation of Europe (ISFE), Brussels, Belgium
Mr Jan MALINOWSKI, Head of Media and Information Society Division, Directorate General of Human Rights and Legal Affairs/Chef de la Division Médias et Société de l’Information, Direction Générale des Droits de l’Homme et des Affaires Juridiques.
Mr Lee HIBBARD, Administrator, Media and Information Society Division, Directorate General of Human Rights and Legal Affairs/Administrateur, Division Médias et Société de l’Information, Direction Générale des Droits de l’Homme et des Affaires Juridiques.
Mr Kasper HOLST, Secretary to MC-S-IS, Administrator, Media and Information Society Division, Directorate General of Human Rights and Legal Affairs/Administrateur, Division Médias et Société de l’Information, Direction Générale des Droits de l’Homme et des Affaires Juridiques.
Mr Michael REMMERT, Administrator, Directorate General of Political Affairs – DGAP/Administrateur, Direction Générale des Affaires Politiques - DGAP
Mrs Sabine JULIEN, Assistant, Media and Information Society Division, Directorate General of Human Right and Legal Affairs/Assistante, Division Médias et Société de l’Information, Direction Générale des Droits de l'Homme et des Affaires Juridiques.
Mme Rémy JAIN
Mr. Jean-Pierre RINGLER
* * *
1. Opening of the meeting and adoption of the agenda
2. Election of Chair and Vice-Chair
3. Decisions of the Committee of Ministers of interest to the work of the MC-S-IS
4. Other information of interest to the work of the MC-S-IS
5. Discussion of possible themes and topics for the 1st European Ministerial Conference on media and new communication services (Reykjavik, May 2009) and the future terms of reference of the MC-S-IS
6. Report on emerging issues and trends in respect of, on the one hand, the protection of intellectual property rights (IPR) and technical protection measures (TPMs) in the context of the development of new communication and information services (and the Internet) and, on the other hand, the fundamental right to freedom of expression and free flow of information, access to knowledge and education, the promoting of research and scientific development and the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions and artistic creation and, if appropriate, make concrete proposals for further action in this area (cf. item 18 of the Kyiv Action Plan)
7. Development of tools to assist key state and non-state actors in their practical understanding of, and compliance with, human rights and fundamental freedoms in the Information Society in particular with regard to Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights (cf. items 19 and 23 of the Kyiv Action Plan)
8. Examination of the respect for human dignity in the new communication services and, if appropriate, make concrete proposals for further action designed to complement or reinforce existing standards in this area (cf. item 27 of the Kyiv Action Plan)
9. Standard-setting instrument which promotes a coherent pan-European level of protection for children from harmful content when using new communication technologies and services and the Internet, while ensuring freedom of expression and the free flow of information (cf. items 17, 19 and 23 of the Kyiv Action Plan)
10. Updating the Council of Europe Handbook on Internet Literacy
11. Follow-up to Recommendation Rec (2006)12 on empowering children in the new information and communications environment (cf. items 23 of the Kyiv Action Plan)
12. Follow-up to the action lines and general report of the Pan-European Forum on Human Rights in the Information Society: Empowering children and young people (Yerevan, 5 and 6 October 2006)
13. Follow-up Council of Europe work on Internet governance and on the implementation of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) action lines regarding the media (C9) and the ethical dimensions of the Information Society (C10).
14. Other business
1 See www.wildwebwoods.org
2 See www.coe.int/internet-literacy