Freedom of expression in times of conflict
The right to freedom of expression and information constitutes one of the essential foundations of democratic society. In conflict situations and wars, the role of the media is critical in providing the public with accurate and timely information. Trustworthy news and images can contribute to the protection of civilians and conflict prevention, bring to the attention of the international community the horrors and reality of conflict and expose violations of human rights and international humanitarian law.
20 mars 2023
Belarus journalists in exile meet in StrasbourgStrasbourg 21 March 2023
The Council of Europe and the Strasbourg Group of Friends on the Safety of Journalists and Media...
15 mars 2023
Launch of South Programme V: "Protecting human rights, the rule of law and democracy through shared standards in the Southern Mediterranean"Lisbon 15 March 2023
1 September 2022 marked the start of the fifth phase of the joint European Union-Council of...
15 mars 2023
Media Freedom as a Central Pillar of Comprehensive SecurityVienna 14 March 2023
On 13-14 March 2023 the Austrian Hofburg hosted the First Supplementary Human Dimension Meeting...
14 mars 2023
Policy responses to security challenges in Artificial Intelligence discussed in ParisParis 13 March 2023
The 4th OECD Global Forum on Digital Security for Prosperity took place in Paris on 13-14. This...
13 mars 2023
Upcoming Campaign for Safety of Journalists discussed with Platform PartnersBrussels 13 march 2023
On 8 of March 2023 Brussels held a meeting between the Council of Europe and the Partners of the...
The Information Society Department of the Council of Europe has unveiled its report on the state of freedom of expression in Council of Europe member States in 2021.
This annual review, based on the findings of Council of Europe bodies and monitoring mechanisms, is focussed on legal guarantees for freedom of expression, safeguards for the safety of journalists and others who speak up, independent and pluralistic media environment and reliability and trust of information.
“Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers. This Article shall not prevent States from requiring the licensing of broadcasting, television or cinema enterprises.
The exercise of these freedoms, since it carries with it duties and responsibilities, may be subject to such formalities, conditions, restrictions or penalties as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society, in the interests of national security, territorial integrity or public safety, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, for the protection of the reputation or rights of others, for preventing the disclosure of information received in confidence, or for maintaining the authority and impartiality of the judiciary.”
Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights
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A mission to inform: journalists at risk speak out
The murder of investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia in October 2017 sent shock waves through Europe. Violence and acts of harassment against journalists have become alarmingly frequent, as was laid bare in the Council of Europe’s 2017 survey of 940 journalists across the continent.
This follow-up study is about the human cost to journalists who seek to hold the powerful to account. It is based on in-depth interviews with 20 journalists who use their reporting skills to expose corruption, injustice and abuses, often putting their safety at risk. They share their insights into the realities of practising cutting-edge journalism while facing aggression, intimidation and vicious cyber-attacks. Too often the necessary protections fail and crimes against journalists go unpunished.
Following the decision of the Committee of Ministers on 16 March 2022 the Russian Federation is no longer a member of the Council of Europe. The website will be updated as soon as possible to take account of this development.
"Everyone has the right to freedom of expression"
Art. 10 European Convention on Human Rights