Media - Freedom of expression and information

 Committee of experts on protection of journalism and safety of journalists (MSI-JO)

Activities
STANDARD-SETTING
  Steering Committee (CDMSI)
  Bureau of the Committee (CDMSI-BU)
  Former Steering Committee (CDMC)
  Former Bureau of the Committee (CDMC-BU)
  Committee of Experts on Protection of Journalism and Safety of Journalists (MSI-JO)
  Committee of Experts on cross-border flow of Internet traffic and Internet freedom (MSI-INT)  
CONVENTIONS
  Transfrontier Television
  Conditional Access
COOPERATION
  Legal and Human Rights Capacity Building
FORMER GROUPS OF SPECIALISTS
  Rights of Internet Users
  Information Society
  New Media
  Public Service Media Governance
  Cross-border Internet
  Protection Neighbouring Rights of Broadcasting Organisations
  Media Diversity
  Public service Media
 
Events
  Conference Freedom of Expression and Democracy in the Digital Age - Opportunities, Rights, Responsibilities, Belgrade, 7-8/11/2013
  Conference "The Hate factor in political speech - Where do responsibilities lie?", Warsaw18-19 September 2013
  Conference of Ministers, Reykjavik - Iceland, 28-29 May 2009
  European Dialogue on Internet Governance (EuroDIG)
 
Documentation
  Conventions
  Committee of Ministers texts
  Parliamentary Assembly texts
  Ministerial Conferences
  Publications
  Translations
 
Useful links

    Strasbourg, 10 September 2009

    PUBLIC SERVICE MEDIA GOVERNANCE

    Consultation meeting organised by the Council of Europe

    Strasbourg, 17-18 September 2009
    Agora Building
    Room G05

    Annotated Agenda

    17 September

    09:30 Opening of the meeting

      Jan KLEIJSSEN, Director of Standard-Setting, Directorate General of Human Rights and Legal Affairs of the Council of Europe
      Tim SUTER, Managing Director, Perspective Associates Limited, United Kingdom, Chairperson of the meeting

    10:00 Governance in the public services domain

      Good Governance Standard for Public Services: conclusions of the Independent Commission on Good Governance in Public Services

      Presentation by Ewan KING, Director of Research, Office for Public Management, United Kingdom

    10:15 General discussion:
    § Specificity of public services in the media sector: Common/distinctive features between public services delivered by the media and other public services

Participants are invited to discuss about the sector of public services in general. This debate is important, in particular at the beginning of the examination of public service media (PSM) governance issue, in order to see more clearly the place of PSM in a broader context of the public sector and try to identify PSM’s specific features as well as possible common elements with other public services.

    Regarding governance in public services in general, the Independent Commission on Good Governance in Public Services from the UK (see presentation above by Ewan King) has proposed six core principles of good governance. According to this Commission, good governance means: focusing on the organisation’s purpose and on outcomes for citizens and service users; performing effectively in clearly defined functions and roles; promoting values for the whole organisation and demonstrating the values of good governance through behaviour; taking informed, transparent decisions and managing risk; developing the capacity and capability of the governing body to be effective; and engaging stakeholders and making accountability real.

Some of these principles seem particularly relevant in the context of the discussion about governance models for PSM.

Document:

The Good Governance Standard for Public Services, prepared by the Independent Commission for Good Governance in Public Services, UK

    11:00 Coffee break

    11:30 Public service media today: ensuring governance models are appropriate to the new technological and social environment

    Presentation by Christian S. NISSEN, independent advisor on media and management, Denmark

    11:45 Panel discussion 1:
    § What exactly is understood by governance in PSM sector?
    § What are the common features/problems among today’s governance models?
    § Is it necessary to modify traditional governance models to help PSM face today’s challenges?
    § If yes: What exactly would it be necessary to modify and for what purpose?

      What would be the best strategy/method for developing present day’s models?

    § Examples for possible inspiration in other public/private services

    Moderator:

      Christian NISSEN, independent advisor on media and management, Denmark

    Panellists:

      Jo BARDOEL, Amsterdam School of Communications Research
      Andra LEURDIJK, TNO Information and Communication Technology, the Netherlands; former secretary of assessment commission for the Dutch PSM and the Dutch World Service

        Pascal ALBRECHTSKIRCHINGER, ZDF, European Affairs Office
        Louis HEINSMAN, International Relations, NPO, the Netherlands

    Participants are invited to examine the notion of “PSM governance”, as well as the main types of governance models in PSM sector today. An important aspect to be discussed under this item is related to the challenges that digital environment and development in audiences’/users’ behaviour pose to PSM, as well as possible ways of facing these challenges. A debate on possible strategies for developing today’s governance approaches may include good examples for inspiration in some advanced PSM, as well as in other public or private services.

    Documents:
    1. 1st Council of Europe Conference of Ministers responsible for Media and New Communication Services “A new notion of media?” (28 and 29 May 2009, Reykjavik, Iceland):

    2. Recommendation Rec(2007)3 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to member states on the remit of public service media in the information society
    3. Recommendation CM/Rec(2007)16 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to member states on measures to promote the public service value of the Internet
    4. Recommendation 1878 of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe “The funding of public service broadcasting”
    5. The public service remit and the new media, IRIS plus, European Audiovisual Observatory
    6. Public service media in the information society (C. Nissen)
    7. Public service broadcasting: a new beginning, or the beginning of the end? (K. Jakubowicz)

    13:00 Lunch

    14:30 Public service media today: ensuring governance models are appropriate to the new technological and social environment

    (Continuation of the discussion)

    16:00 Coffee break

    16:30 Public service media governance and the public

    Panel discussion 2:
    § Public participation in the conception/provision of contents and formats

      (interactive services/programmes, user generated content, etc.) – “indirect” participation

    § Public participation - direct or otherwise - in decision-making (supervisory boards, consultative programming structures, other forms of co-regulation)
    § Examples for possible inspiration in other public/private services

    Moderator:

      Bissera ZANKOVA, State Agency on Information Technologies and Communications, Bulgaria

    Panellists:

      Márk LENGYEL, Attorney at law, Hungary
      Vera BEUTLER, Federal Office for Communications (OFCOM), Switzerland

    Nuno CONDE, State Department for Media Policy, Portugal

        Lizzie JACKSON, Faculty of Communications Media, Ravensbourne College of Design and Communication, United Kingdom

    Participants are invited to discuss different aspects of public’s involvement in PSM activity, including PSM governance. It might be interesting to explore what are the ways, degree and methods for, and the added value of, such participation. Possible negative side-effects in some precise cases of participation might be worth examining as well. Good examples for inspiration in other public/private services would be particularly useful.

    Today PSM try to reach broader audiences, in particular young people, involving the public in media content creation. This is not yet about involving the public in the decision-making process as such, but it might be a step forward to re-thinking the principles of PSM governance. In any case, a broader participation of the public has at least an indirect influence on content elaboration or format selection. Participants are invited to elaborate further on this theme.

    Document:

    Strategies of public service media as regards promoting a wider democratic participation of individuals - Report prepared by the Group of Specialists on Public Service Media in the Information Society (MC-S-PSM), November 2008

    18:00 Close of the first day

    18 September

    9:30 Public service media governance and management methods

    Panel discussion 3:
    § Financial management
    § Staff management
    § Examples for possible inspiration in other public/private services

    Moderator:
    Tim SUTER, Managing Director, Perspective Associates Limited, United Kingdom
    Panellists:

      Ewan KING, Director of Research, Office for Public Management, United Kingdom

    Giuseppe de MARTINO, Legal Director, DailyMotion.com
    Olaf STEENFADT, digital media consultant, MTV, Hungary

    Professional managers attending the meting or the experts in the field of management are invited to share with participants their ideas regarding different managerial methods leading to more efficiency/dynamism of the companies. This exchange can be very valuable as the future specialised CoE Group on Public Service Media Governance (MC-S-PG) will be exploring possible new ways of management allowing PSM to be more efficient and more close to, and popular with, the public.

    How PSM should adapt their management approaches to the new media/economic/technologic/social environment, how "new media" enterprises work practically, under the management angle, what are pluses and minuses of the “new types of management”, what good examples for inspiration in other public or private services could be useful for PSM? – participants are invited to discuss these and other similar questions related to management methods.

    11:00 Coffee break

    11:30 Public service media governance and other important factors

    General discussion:
    § Financial models
    § Legal framework
    § Technological developments 
    § Examples for possible inspiration in other public/private services

    Participants are invited to examine how different factors such as financial models, legal framework or technological developments may influence the choice of different PSM governance approaches and, in particular, how these factors could/should help PSM to fulfil its public remit and stimulate possible reforms in the field of PSM governance. Again, good examples in this area would be very useful.

    1. Recommendation Rec(2007)3 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to member states on the remit of public service media in the information society
    2. Recommendation 1878 of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe “The funding of public service broadcasting”
    3. The public service remit and the new media, IRIS plus, European Audiovisual Observatory
    4. A new notion of media? (background document by K. Jakubowicz)
    5. Public service media governance: looking to the future (background document by the Secretariat)
    6. State aid: Commission updates rules for state funding of public broadcasters (July 2009)

    13:00 Lunch

    14:30 Examination of terms of reference of the future Group on PSM Governance (MC-S-PG) and suggestions for orientation of its work

    General discussion:

      § Examination of the different elements of the ToR of the future MC-S-PG Group
      § Possible working methods to deal with the subjects
      § Possible concrete results to be achieved
      § Possible involvement of the participants in future MC-S-PG work

    Participants are invited to examine the terms of reference (ToR) of the future ad hoc Advisory Group on Public Service Media Governance (MC-S-PG), in particular item 4.i (flowing from §§ 5-6 of the Action Plan adopted by the 1st Council of Europe Conference of Ministers responsible for Media and New Communication Services), which stipulates that the Group should:

    “…pursue work on the role of public service media in a democratic society. In particular, examine modalities for public delivery to the widest possible public, including young audiences, of trustworthy, diverse and pluralistic media and media-like services, paying attention to the way in which information and media or media-like services are sought and received and challenges to obtaining quality or trustworthy content. To this end, elaborate, if appropriate, on a policy document exploring governance approaches that could contribute to fulfilling public service media’s remit. This should include reflections on results-oriented alternative public expenditure approaches for media and media-like services.”

    Participants are welcome to discuss different elements of item 4.i above, identify possible “priority elements”, and suggest any orientations for the future work of the MC-S-PG. Furthermore, participants are invited to suggest possible working methods to deal with the matter and possible concrete results to be achieved. This debate should have the status of an informal consultation, without any prejudice to the work of the future Group.

    Finally, under this item, participants should discuss their possible involvement in the work of the future Group. In this respect, it would be useful to identify participant’s professional expertise and competence, as well as their possible availability to attend Group’s meetings (2 times per year, for an initial 2 years mandate) or, alternatively, to participate in the work on-line as a community of interest. At a later stage, the Secretary General of the CoE will designate the final membership of the Group.

    Documents:

    1. 1st Council of Europe Conference of Ministers responsible for Media and New Communication Services “A new notion of media?” (28 and 29 May 2009, Reykjavik, Iceland), Adopted texts (political declaration and resolutions)
    2. Terms of Reference Ad hoc Advisory Group on Public Service Media Governance (MC-S-PG)

    16:00 Coffee break

    16:30 Conclusions

      § General discussion – tour de table
      § Summary of findings by Bissera ZANKOVA, State Agency on Information Technologies and Communications, Bulgaria
      § Conclusions by Tim SUTER, Managing Director, Perspective Associates Limited, United Kingdom, Chairperson of the meeting

    During the tour de table, participants are invited to formulate their own conclusions/reflections regarding the substance of the meeting as a whole and/or specific items, as well as the future work of the Advisory Group on Public Service Media Governance.

    18:00 Close of the meeting