Freedom of expression – Freedom of the media

Press freedom in time of crisis Website and the online discussion Forum

Freedom of expression

- Declaration of the Committee of Ministers on the Desirability of International Standards dealing with Forum Shopping in respect of Defamation, “Libel Tourism”, to Ensure Freedom of Expression
(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 4 July 2012 at the 1147th meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies)

- Recommendation CM/Rec(2008)6 of the Committee of Ministers on measures to promote the respect for freedom of expression and information with regard to Internet filters

- Recommendation CM/Rec(2007)11 of the Committee of Ministers on promoting freedom of expression and information in the new information and communications environment

- Freedom of expression in Europe – Case-law concerning Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights (Human rights files No.18) (2007)

- Resolution 1510 (2006) of the Parliamentary Assembly on freedom of expression and respect for religious beliefs

- Declaration on political debate in the media, adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 12 February 2004

- Declaration on freedom of communication on the Internet, adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 28 May 2003

- Recommendation 1589 (2003) of the Parliamentary Assembly on freedom of expression in the media in Europe

- Human rights handbook No. 2 - Freedom of expression [2540KB] (Article 10) (2003)

- Luxembourg conference on freedom of expression, Luxembourg, 30 September - 1 October 2002

- Recommendation 1506 (2001) of the Parliamentary Assembly on freedom of expression and information in the media in Europe

- Conference on Freedom of Expression and the Right to Privacy Strasbourg, 23 September 1999. Conference Reports.

- Resolution 848 (1985) of the Parliamentary Assembly on privacy of sound and individual freedom of musical choice

- Declaration on freedom of expression and information, adopted by the Committee of Ministers 29 April 1982

- Recommendation 952 (1982) of the Parliamentary Assembly on international means to protect freedom of expression by regulating commercial advertising

- Recommendation 815 (1977) of the Parliamentary Assembly on freedom of expression of the writer in Europe

Defamation and hate speech

- Recommendation 1814 (2007) and Resolution 1577 (2007) of the Parliamentary Assembly. Towards decriminalisation of defamation

- Recommendation 1805 (2007) of the Parliamentary Assembly on blasphemy, religious insults and hate speech against persons on grounds of their religion

- Legal Provisions concerning Defamation, Libel and Insult

- Regional conference on defamation and freedom of expression, Strasbourg, 17-18 October 2002

- Recommendation No. R (97) 20 of the Committee of Ministers on "hate speech" and its Explanatory Memorandum

- Recommendation 1037 (1986) of the Parliamentary Assembly on data protection and freedom of information

Journalism

- Declaration of the Committee of Ministers on promoting freedom of expression and information in the new information and communications environment, adopted on 26 September 2007

- Recommendation 1789 (2007) of the Parliamentary Assembly on professional education and training of journalists

- Resolution 1535 (2007) and Recommendation 1783 (2007) of the Parliamentary Assembly on threats to the lives and freedom of expression of journalists

- Resolution 1372 (2004) and Recommendation 1658 (2004) of the Parliamentary Assembly on persecution of the press in the Republic of Belarus

- Recommendation No. R (2000) 7 of the Committee of Ministers on the right of journalists not to disclose their sources of information and its Explanatory Memorandum

- Proceedings of the Information Seminar on Self-regulation by the Media, Strasbourg, 7-8 October 1998

- Recommendation 1215 (1993) and Resolution 1003 (1993) of the Parliamentary Assembly on the ethics of journalism

- Resolution (74) 26 of the Committee of Ministers on the right of reply – position of the individual in relation to the press (Res(1974)026)

- Resolution (67) 13 of the Committee of Ministers on the press and the protection of youth

Freedom of information

- Recommendation No. R (2003) 13 of the Committee of Ministers on the provision of information through the media in relation to criminal proceedings

- Declaration on the provision of information through the media in relation to criminal proceedings, adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 10 July 2003

- Recommendation No. R (2002) 2 of the Committee of Ministers on access to official documents and its Explanatory Memorandum (PDF version)

- Recommendation No. R (94) 13 of the Committee of Ministers on measures to promote media transparency and its Explanatory Memorandum

- Recommendation No. R (81) 19 of the Committee of Ministers on the access to information held by public authorities

- Recommendation No. R (79) 1 of the Committee of Ministers concerning consumer education of adults and consumer information