The Curriculum Framework for Romani
Origin and purpose
The Curriculum Framework for Romani (CFR) and related resources were developed as part of the Council of Europe’s comprehensive response to Roma and Traveller issues. The European Roma and Travellers Forum was closely associated in this project which was partly funded by a voluntary contribution from Finland.
The CFR is designed for policy makers, writers of textbooks and other learning materials, teacher educators and teachers. It uses the descriptive categories and common reference levels of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages and in doing so aligns itself with the wider policies that shape the Council of Europe’s work in language education.
The CFR defines proficiency in Romani at each of the first four levels of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR): A1, A2, B1, B2.
For the activities of listening, reading, spoken interaction, spoken production and writing, the CFR describes what the learner/user of Romani can do at each level in relation to eleven themes: Myself and my family; The house/caravan and its activities; My community; At school; Food and clothes; Festivals and celebrations; Travel and transport; Time, seasons, weather; Nature and animals; Roma crafts and professions; Hobbies and the arts.
The CFR can be used to address the needs of learners in three age groups:
- 3–6 years
- 6–11 years
- 11–16 years
and in three categories:
- those who are already proficient in Romani
- those who may hear Romani spoken at home but are not proficient in the language
- those from Roma communities for whom Romani is not a language of the home.
European Language Portfolio
To support the implementation of the CFR, the Council of Europe also developed two versions of the European Language Portfolio (ELP), for learners aged 6–11 and 11–16, and a teacher’s handbook that explains in detail how the ELPs can be used in the classroom. Components were carefully defined in close co-operation with the European Roma and Travellers Forum to ensure cultural relevance.
These tools are available in 10 languages:
The Curriculum Framework for Romani and its related tools - two versions of the European Language Portfolio and a Teacher’s Handbook - were originally published in English and in Romani, and are also available in Czech, German, Lovari, North Central Romani, and Serbian.
Recommendation CM/Rec(2008)5 on Policies for Roma and/or Travellers in Europe (addressed by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to its member states)
Hearing of the European Roma and Travellers Forum:
- Plurilingual education