Main instruments, guides and manuals
Plurilingual and intercultural Education
Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) and European Language Portfolio (ELP)
Languages of schooling
Linguistic integration of adult migrants (LIAM)
This page offers a selection of instruments, guides and manuals, complemented by following sections on this website:
- Major texts and reports
- Events (with a summary of objectives and reports)
- Council of Europe official texts (conventions / Recommendations)
- History and Milestones
Please consult the thematic websites to access all the resources developed by the Language Policy Programme.
Platform of resources and references for plurilingual and intercultural education – www.coe.int/lang-platform
NB Plurilingual and intercultural education encompass all languages, including foreign languages and languages of schooling. However, in order to facilitate consultation, texts relating to the Common European Framework of Reference for languages: Learning, teaching, assessment (CEFR) and to languages of schooling are presented in different sessions.
Guide for the development and implementation of curricula for plurilingual and intercultural education
2016. Jean-Claude Beacco, Michael Byram, Marisa Cavalli, Daniel Coste, Mirjam Egli Cuenat, Francis Goullier, Johanna Panthier. ISBN 978-92-871-8233-3.
► Overview of contents and satellite studies
From linguistic diversity to plurilingual education: Guide for the development of language education policies in Europe.
2007. Jean-Claude Beacco & Michael Byram
► Overview of contents and 21 Reference Studies
Main version - Executive version
Curriculum Framework for Romani. 2007. David Little.
Common European Framework of References for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment (CEFR) – www.coe.int/lang-CEFR
European Language Portfolio - www.coe.int/portfolio
Common European Framework of References for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment (CEFR).
2001. Council of Europe/Cambridge University Press.
The CEFR exists in 40 language versions.
Council of Europe tools for language teaching: Common European Framework of Reference and Portfolios.
2007. Francis Goullier, Les éditions Didier, Paris / Council of Europe, Strasbourg
Manual for Relating Examinations to the "Common European framework of Reference for Languages”.
2009. Neus Figueras, Brian North, Sauli Takala, Piet Van Avermaet, Norman Verhelst
A Manual for Language test development and examining for use with the CEFR
2011. Produced by ALTE on behalf of the Language Policy Unit, Council of Europe
A Handbook for Curriculum Development and Teacher Training. The Language Dimension in All Subjects
2016. Jean-Claude Beacco, Mike Fleming, Francis Goullier, Eike Thürmann, Helmut Vollmer, with contributions by Joseph Sheils.
► Overview of contents
A European reference document for languages of education?
2007. Daniel Coste (ed.), Marisa Cavalli, Alexandru Crişan, Piet-Hein van de Ven
Concept Paper - Adult migrant integration policies: Principles and implementation.
2008. Jean-Claude Beacco
Linguistic Integration of Adult Migrants - Guide to policy development and implementation.
2014. Jean-Claude Beacco, Chris Hedges, David Little
Language support for adult refugees: a Council of Europe toolkit
A website in 7 languages: www.coe.int/lang-refugees
- National / regional policies
- Language Education Policy Profiles
- Main instruments, guides and manuals
- Three fundamental guides
- Guide for the development and implementation of curricula for plurilingual and intercultural education
- A Handbook for Curriculum Development and Teacher Training. The Language Dimension in All Subjects
- From linguistic diversity to plurilingual education: Guide for the development of language education policies in Europe
- Three fundamental guides
- European Day of Languages