Barcelona, situated in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula, is the second-largest city in Spain. The city is flanked by the Collserola desert to the west, the rivers Llobregat (to the south) and Bésos (to the north) and the Mediterranean Sea to the east. It looks back on a long and rich history, and exhibits an impressive architectonic heritage, a pleasant climate and an excellent cultural (ludica?) offering. These and others appeals have transformed Barcelona into the third-most visited city in Europe (more than 8 million tourists in 2013), only surpassed by London and Paris. It is no wonder that the service sector is the main economic driver of the city (employing 87.7 % of its population).

Population diversity
Barcelona is the capital city of the homonymous province and autonomous community of Catalonia in Spain. It has a population of 1.62 million inhabitants. Non-nationals represent 17.6% of Barcelona’s total inhabitants. Foreign-born nationals make up 20.7% of the city’s inhabitants. The largest minority group- people from Italy- makes up 14.16% of the city’s foreign population. It is followed by people from: Ecuador who represent 12.63% of the city’s foreign inhabitants; Pakistan (11.26%); Bolivia (9.59%); Peru (9.08%); China (8.89%); Morocco (8.59%); France (8.17%); and Colombia (8.00%).
Profile and activities

In 2010 the Barcelona city council initiated the Barcelona Interculturality Plan within the framework of the European Year of Intercultural Dialogue (2008) that generated fundamental courses of action like confidence, mutual acknowledgement, effective communication, dialogue and debate, education and exchange, pacific mediation in conflicts and cooperation and coexistence. Innovative programs like the Anti-Rumours project were born then, too.

Presently, Barcelona can count with numerous NGOs and foundations that promote the intercultural perspective. A remarkable example is SAIER (Immigrant, Emigrant and Refugee Service) which offers information and counselling on immigration, emigration, asylum and voluntary repatriation.

Intercultural Cities Index
Good practice