The action-oriented approach is rooted in a constructivist paradigm and takes task-based learning to a level where the class and the outside world are integrated in genuine communicative practices. In addition, the approach emphasises learner agency.

More on the concept


Putting the action-oriented approach into practice (2023: Danielle Hunter, Rosanna Margonis-Pasinetti and Evelyne Bérard)

Developing an action-oriented pathway in the classroom (2021: Danielle Hunter)

Developing meaningful tasks for teaching, learning and assessment with the action-oriented approach (2021: Johann Fischer)

The action-oriented approach: from theory to practice (2022: Enrica Piccardo)


LINguistic and Cultural DIversity REinvented (LINCDIRE) – Info sheet (2019: Enrica Piccardo)

Action-oriented approach: Handbook (2019: Danielle Hunter et al.)


Action-oriented approach (Canadian Association of Second Language Teachers)

Examples from Canada of creating action-oriented tasks to supplement school textbooks (CEFR Eastern Region Working Group)

LINCDIRE (LINguistic & Cultural DIversity Reinvented)


Implementation of the CEFR Companion volume in the UNIcert® and NULTE networks (2022: Johann Fischer & Nicole Wolder). Ch. 12 in Enriching 21st century language education: The CEFR Companion volume in practice.

Action-oriented approach to curriculum development in CLIL courses: A theoretical and methodological framework (2021: Yuka Yamamoto & Ryo Nitta)

Action-oriented language teaching: opinions of students of French about short film shooting project (2021: Canan Aydınbek & Esra Başak Aydınalp)

Insights into the application of action-oriented approach to language teaching and learning at university level: A case of Vilnius University (2020: Roma Kriaučiūnienė)

Visual identity of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)