The new CEFR Phonology scale consists of three subscales: Overall phonological control, intended for those who wish a simple update of the 2001 holistic scale, Sound articulation and Prosody. The scale broadens the scope of phonological competence in comparison to the 2001 scale and removes native-speakerism from it, with the overall aim of providing more explicit support to teachers.

More on the concept



Exploring teachers’ beliefs and practices about phonology instruction with reference to the CEFR descriptors (2022. Elif Sen et al.) Ch. 20 in 19 in Enriching 21st century language education: The CEFR Companion volume in practice.

Peer assessment in L2 pronunciation instruction in Russia: Students’ attitude research (2020: Alexandra Kolesnikova et al.)

Visual identity of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)