The new CEFR Phonology scale consists of three subscales: Overall phonological control, intended for those who wish a simple update of the 2001 holistic scale, Sound articulation and Prosody. The scale broadens the scope of phonological competence in comparison to the 2001 scale and removes native-speakerism from it, with the overall aim of providing more explicit support to teachers.

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Exploring teachers’ beliefs and practices about phonology instruction with reference to the CEFR descriptors (2022. Elif Sen et al.) Ch. 20 in 19 in Enriching 21st century language education: The CEFR Companion volume in practice.

Visual identity of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)