Culture, Heritage and Diversity


Mexican Congresswoman Aleida Alavez proposed the first law on interculturality and population at a national level


Pluri-culturality and intercultural relations are the basis of all population policy and cannot be separated. Mexico is known for its cultural diversity, integrated by 118 million people of whom there are 64 indigenous towns and speakers of 364 languages which represent 13% of the national population; more than 90 communities of different national origins; one million immigrants; 961 thousand Mexicans living abroad and 19.7 million internal migrants.


Mrs. Aleida Alavez, who is a member of the Mexican observer delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, proposed the General Law of Interculturality and Populations at the Mexican federal Congress. This Law protects the rights of the indigenous peoples, Afro-Mexicans, migrants and displaced populations and regulates public policies related to interculturality, population, human mobility and government faculties.


This initiative aims to create the National Institute of Interculturality and Populations. This will take into account the National Index of Interculturality to improve public policies and their related programs such as, education, health, foods, communication, patrimony and the promotion of interculturality based on diverse compulsory criteria concerning hospitality, social equity, human mobility, “the good living” and sustainable development.


This proposal is a result of the permanent consultation which has been held during the last three years, and which has already proved successful in the City of Mexico which was the first to have an intercultural law; now it is at a national scale. This proposal is supported by the UNHCR, Intercultural Cities Programme of the Council of Europe, the Spanish Network of Intercultural Cities, national and local universities, social organizations and several state and municipal governments.