Pavlohrad is one of the oldest settlements in Dnipropetrovsk oblast (region). It is an industrial city in eastern Ukraine, the first references to which are from the 17th century. At the beginning of the 1770s Zaporozhian Cossack Matvii Khizhnyak built winter quarters, which soon became known as sloboda Matviivka. With the establishment of Yekaterinoslav Viceroyalty, Pavlohrad, named in honor of Paul І, became a part of this administrative unit as a district town. In 1784 Pavlohrad received city status.

Administratively, Pavlohrad is incorporated as the town of oblast significance today and serves as the administrative center of Pavlohrad area. The city population is 110,070  (2013 est.)

The area of the city is 59.3 square kilometres (22.9 sq mi). There are 20 schools and 1 lyceum in the city.

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