Sexual orientation and gender identity
Despite progress in many areas over the last decades, people in Europe are still stigmatised because of their actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) people are particularly vulnerable to discriminatory treatment and intolerant attitudes, as well as homophobic or transphobic hate speech and violence.
ECRI started examining discrimination and intolerance towards LGBT persons in its fifth cycle of country monitoring (2014-2018). It recommends all member states to develop legislation and policies to combat discrimination, hate speech and violence against persons on account of their sexual orientation or gender identity and to promote tolerance.
ECRI monitors LGBT issues in light of the European Convention on Human Rights, the relevant case law of the European Court of Human Rights and Recommendation CM/Rec(2010)5 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on measures to combat discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity.
Examples of ECRI’s LGBT-related recommendations can be found in ECRI’s fifth cycle country monitoring reports under the heading Country Monitoring.
In the framework of its sixth monitoring cycle beginning in 2019, ECRI will look into effective equality and access to rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (LGBTI) persons.