About the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI)
The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) is a human rights monitoring body which specialises in questions relating to the fight against racism, discrimination (on grounds of “race”, ethnic/national origin, colour, citizenship, religion, language, sexual orientation and gender identity), xenophobia, antisemitism and intolerance. (more...)
A pan-European Commission, composed of independent members, set up by Heads of State and Government
ECRI was set up by the first Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Council of Europe. Its statute was adopted by the Committee of Ministers of this Organisation on 13 June 2002.
ECRI is composed of 47 members appointed on the basis of their independence, impartiality, moral authority and expertise in dealing with issues of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, antisemitism and intolerance. Each Council of Europe member state appoints one person to serve in ECRI. In a resolution adopted in October 2013, the Committee of Ministers updated ECRI’s statute in order to improve compliance with the above criteria by clarifying the modalities for members’ appointment and for bringing their term of office to an end.
ECRI’s statutory activities cover country monitoring, work on general themes and relations with civil society.
ECRI also maintains special relations with independent authorities responsible for combating racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, antisemitism and intolerance at national level (specialised bodies) and with relevant intergovernmental bodies, such as the European Union, the United Nations and the OSCE.
ECRI’s Statute provides that it should consist of members “with a high moral authority and recognised expertise in dealing with racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, antisemitism and intolerance”. Each Member State of the Council of Europe has the right to appoint one ECRI member and has the legal duty to appoint an independent and impartial member.