The lack of human rights-based migration policies and standards is leading to routine violations of migrants’ rights whether in transit, at international borders or within the territory of the countries they migrate to.

Human rights violations arising in the context of immigration detention, access to nationality procedures and statelessness continue to be in focus of the work of the the European Committee on Legal Co-operation’s work during 2022-2025, in order to provide further legal guidance and support in these areas. They are also among the priority areas of the Council of Europe’s Action Plan on Protecting Vulnerable Persons in the Context of Migration and Asylum in Europe (2021-2025).

In accordance with its terms of reference, the CDCJ established a working group on migration (CDCJ-MIG), with the aim to assist the CDCJ in its mandate related to the elaboration of a a Guide for practitioners on administrative detention of migrants to support the implementation of existing standards in this field. Such work takes into account the work previously carried out by its former subordinate body, the Committee of experts on administrative detention of migrants (CJ-DAM)

In 2021, the CDCJ contributed to the implementation of the Council of Europe’s pledge under Actions 6, 7, 9 and other of the Global Action Plan to End Statelessness (2014-2024), by organising jointly with UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, an international conference on “Statelessness and the right to a nationality in Europe: progress, challenges and opportunities”, to strengthen efforts to end statelessness in Europe, by bringing together over 130 senior representatives of governments of member States, national authorities with specific expertise in nationality and statelessness issues, judges, representatives of international and regional organisations, civil society organisations and academics, as well as stateless individuals.

In light of the conclusions of this conference and its Analysis of current practices and challenges regarding the avoidance and reduction of statelessness in Europe (2021), the CDCJ will focus on issues relating to statelessness of children and their access to nationality in its workplan 2022-2025 and will develop guidance on child sensitive procedures in administrative and migration law matters for stateless children or children at risk of being stateless as well as guidance on the establishment of nationality, in particular for children.

CDCJ-MIG Meetings


The CDCJ organised jointly with the UNHCR, a technical meeting of experts and an international conference (23-24 September 2021) to raise awareness and promote the accession of all its 47 member States to International and European conventions relating to nationality and statelessness, and their successful implementation.

Link to the Conference page

CDCJ AD-HOC MEETING ON STATELESSNESS (Strasbourg, 11-12 June 2019)

Bearing in mind the Council of Europe Action Plan on protecting refugee and migrant children for 2017-2019, an ad hoc meeting was held in June 2019 to review the protocols and procedures used by member States. The outcome of their work was taken into account in an detailed analysis of current practices and challenges regarding the avoidance and reduction of statelessness in Europe. (See more)