"THE 21ST CENTURY, A CENTURY OF GLOBAL INTERDEPENDENCE AND SOLIDARITY"
in the context of the 20th Anniversary of the
North-South Centre of the Council of Europe
Tuesday 18 May 2010
Paços do Concelho- City Hall
Organised in partnership with the Lisbon Municipality
The celebration of the 20th Anniversary of the European Centre for Global Interdependence and Solidarity presents an excellent opportunity to hold a Round Table on "The 21st Century, a century of global interdependence and solidarity", with the participation of a variety of eminent personalities with unique expertise on the issue.
The creation of the Centre has its origin in the Conference “North-South: the role of Europe” which took place from 9 to 11 April 1984 at the Portuguese Parliament, at the invitation of the Portuguese authorities and under the auspices of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, at a time when the international community was increasingly aware of the necessity of adopting a concerted political approach for a true North-South dialogue. As a follow-up, a pan-European Campaign on global interdependence and solidarity was launched in 1988 by the Council of Europe, in collaboration with the European Union, which led to the setting up of the North-South Centre.
In a context where the end of the East-West antagonism generated fears that the international community would give greater attention to the Central and Eastern European countries to the detriment of the developing countries, the creation of the NSC, in November 1989, represented an important political signal.
Twenty years later, with only 5 years left to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, at a time when the world is facing an unprecedented financial and economic crisis and when dialogue between nations is more important than ever, the North-South Centre of the Council of Europe proposes to take stock of the main challenges of global interdependence and the response offered by the international community.
In order to feed the debate, the Centre can count on immeasurable support: the winners of the North-South Prize have accepted to offer their written reflection on the theme of the Round Table. A publication entitled "The issues of global interdependence and solidarity in the 21st Century, contributions from the winners of the Council of Europe’s North-South Prize” will be published following this event.
9h00-10h00 Opening Session
Welcoming words : Manuel Brito, Representative of Mr António Costa, Mayor of Lisbon
José Vera Jardim, Vice-Speaker of the Portuguese Parliament and Chair of the Portuguese Delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
Lluís Maria de Puig, Representative of Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, Member of the PACE
Message from José Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission,
Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, President of Iceland
10h00-10h30 Coffee break/Inauguration of the exhibition “20 Bridge Builders in the History of Humanity”
10h30-12h30 Session I "Towards a new model of development?”
At the end of the first decade of the 21st Century, it is important to discuss the new challenges of North-South co-operation in the current economic and social context far removed from that of the conclusions of the Brandt Commission’s "North-South" Report (1980) or the Bruntland Report (1986).
The beginning of the Millennium has the advantage of making the world face its responsibilities: the unprecedented financial crisis that hit the world full force in 2008 led to – and reinforced – an unprecedented economic and social crisis which in turn feeds (or vice-versa) political crises at national, regional and international level. This situation touches, firsthand, the most vulnerable populations who are paying the price of a crisis for which they are not responsible for and jeopardizes the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
This situation also showed the urgency of rethinking our model of development and to move towards establishing a new global social contract based on genuine global solidarity.
What lessons have been learned from the development policies of the past decades? What roles do the States, and the international and regional institutions play? What future for the MDG’s? What co-operation is necessary to build a global economic system based on equity and justice? What link is there between global solidarity and the promotion of human rights? What contribution individuals can make? How can we maximise human resources, a determining factor in economic, social and democratic stability?
Moderator: Ambassador Eberhard Koelsch, Vice-Chair of the Executive Council of the North-South Centre, Chair of the North-South Centre’s Think Tank
Nyamko Sabuni, Minister of integration and gender equality (Sweden)
Mário Soares, President of the Mário Soares Foundation, former President of the Republic of Portugal
Abderrahman Youssoufi, former Prime Minister of Morocco
Nawal El Saadawi, writer (Egypt)
Christophe Rouillon, Member of the EU Committee of the Regions
Bogaletch Gebre, Founder of the "Kembatta Women’s Welfare Centre" (Ethiopia)
Nazaré Gadelhas Fernandes, Member of the Ministry of Justice (Brazil)
14h00-16h00 Session II "Democratic governance of cultural diversity"
At the beginning of a century, marked by cultural globalisation, cultural diversity can provide a concrete contribution to policies of durable development and peace and can allow us to ensure an effective enjoyment of human rights and universally recognised liberties, and strengthen social cohesion and democratic governance.
The White Paper on Intercultural Dialogue of the Council of Europe “Living together as equals in dignity” affirms: the development of democratic governance of cultural diversity will allow intercultural dialogue to thrive by creating a political culture which values diversity based on human rights and fundamental freedoms and an equal enjoyment of rights of all citizens.
What are the challenges of developing a political culture in favour of cultural pluralism? How can we promote an environment conducive to realistic progress in the implementation of democratic governance? How can we reach a coherent vision of cultural diversity by showing that it can be beneficial to the work of the international community? How can we place it at the core of co-operation policies?
Moderator: Denis Huber, Executive Director of the North-South Centre
Jorge Sampaio, United Nations High Representative for the Alliance of Civilizations, former President of the Republic of Portugal
Vera Duarte, Judge, Honorary President of the “Associação de Mulheres Juristas”, former Minister of Education and Higher Education
Stéphane Hessel, Ambassador (France)
Gabriella Battaini-Dragoni, Director General of Education, Culture and Heritage, Youth and Sport of the Council of Europe
Marguerite Barankitse, Founder of the “Maison Shalom” (Burundi)
Cornelio Sommaruga, Vice-Chair of the “Foundation for the Future”, former President of the International Committee of the Red Cross (Switzerland)
Ludmila Sfirloaga / Jean-Claude Frécon, Vice Presidents of the Congress of the Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe
16h00-16h30 Coffee break
16h30-17h00 Closing Session
Maud de Boer-Buquicchio, Deputy Secretary General of the Council of Europe
Deborah Bergamini, Chair of the Executive Council of the North-South Centre
Pedro Lourtie, State Secretary for European Affairs of Portugal
17h00 Family photo
18h00-19h00 Award Ceremony of the 2009 North-South Prize (Portuguese Parliament)
19h00 Reception offered by the Speaker of the Parliament
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