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Section 4 - Training

Example 1 Hungary, Center for Independent Journalism
Example 2 Switzerland, Medien-Ausbildungs-Zentrum
Example 3 United Kingdom, Multicultural Media Centre for the Millennium
Other examples of interest:

Example 1 Hungary, Center for Independent Journalism 

The Center for Independent Journalism (CIJ) was established in 1995 by the Independent Journalism Foundation (IJF), based at The New York Times. IJF operates similar centres in Prague, Bucharest and Bratislava. The Budapest Center, a non-profit and non-political organisation, provides training to Hungarian media professionals and students to support the independent media and to promote ethical, unbiased reporting. The main focus of CIJ activities has been concentrated on the community broadcast media which play an essential role in strengthening democracy at local level.

When programming activities, CIJ puts special emphasis on diversity issues. Together with the Roma Press Center, the CIJ is running since 1998 intensive one-year internship programmes for young Roma journalists. It is sponsored by the Open Society Institute, the ProMedia Program, the European Cultural Foundation, the Phare Program of the European Union and the German Marshall Fund of the United States. The host media institutions in Hungary during the past two years included TV-3, RTL-Klub, Duna Television, Hungarian Television, Pécs-TV, Magyar Hírlap, Blikk, Magyar Narancs, Mancs, Vasárnapi Blikk, Nemzeti Sport, Népszava, and the Roma Press Center.

The programme expanded in terms of breadth and intensity throughout the two years to become one of the most comprehensive journalism training schemes in Eastern Europe. The internship programme is now being used as a model for minority training modules in journalism and other professions throughout the region. In addition to their work in the newsroom under the guidance of a professional journalist mentor, interns attended classes for journalism skill training including radio and television production, professional voice broadcasting, grammar and stylistics, political and legal workshops, in English and Romany. Two of the 1998 graduates won first prize in a national contest for investigative reporting and third place in another for their article about police abuse in a small town in Hungary.

The course not only reinforced the Roma identity of many of the participants but spurred a sense of responsibility to give something back to their community. Many of the interns continue to learn English and Romany so that they may teach similar courses to Roma journalists in other countries in the region. In 1999 a similar program was run by the Center for Independent Journalism in Bratislava and the Syndicate of Slovak Journalists with the assistance of a number of Roma organizations including the Nevipe Foundation.

The Center for Independent Journalism also participated in the regional Reporting Diversity project. This programme aimed at improving the standards of press coverage of ethnic and other minorities in Central and Eastern Europe. The project included the compilation of a manual as well as the organisation of seminars for journalists covering minority issues.

For more information:

Center for Independent Journalism
Eqyetem ter 5.l. em.7,
H - 1053 Budapest
Tel: +361 317.54.48
Fax: +361.267.36.13
E-mail: cij@datanet.hu
Website: www.ijf-cij.org/budapest.html

Example 2 Switzerland, Medien-Ausbildungs-Zentrum 

In 1983, the Swiss Radio and Television Broadcasting Company (SRG), the Swiss Press Union (VSP) and the Swiss Journalists’ Union (SVJ) founded the Centre for Media Studies (Medienausbildungszentrum MAZ) to ensure a high quality of education for media professionals.

In 1996, the MAZ found it particularly relevant to devote a seminar to racism in the media, at a time when Switzerland was issuing a new law against racism. This seminar has been developed in cooperation with the Federal Commission against racism. Its content covers the analysis and mechanism of linguistic discrimination in the press.

In the same spirit, the MAZ extended the content of a graduate course on sexism in language to racism. Three times a year about 45 journalists are trained to prevent expressions of sexism and racism.

In addition, journalists who are interested in foreign affairs can attend a special one week seminar about the third world and globalisation, which deals with ethnocentrism, pictures and coverage about the third world in the Swiss media, and economic dependence of the third world.

For more information:

Medienausbildungszentrum MAZ
Villa Krämerstein, St. Niklausenstr. 59,
Postfach 77,
CH - 6047 Kastanienbaum (Luzern)
Tel: +41.41.340.36.36
Fax: +41.41.340.36.59
E-mail: office@maz.ch
Website: www.maz.ch/

Example 3 United Kingdom, Multicultural Media Centre for the Millennium 

In November 1998, the Millennium Commission gave a three-year grant for the creation of a Multicultural Media Centre. Its task is to distribute 32 Millennium Awards per year for media training to ethnic minorities. The sponsors of this unique Centre are the BBC and the ITN, and it constitutes the first community-based project which benefits from both private and public partnership funding.

The aim of the Centre is to provide individuals and groups in the ethnic minority communities throughout the UK with skills in knowledge of media applications. It seeks to develop these skills not just for fulfilment of personal aspirations but also for the development of community-based projects and activities. Therefore, at the end of a training at the BBC, the Award winners are given a start-up fund to return to their communities to implement the project which formed part of the selection process. Full support is provided for the 6-month project phase. Selected projects include, for example, the creation of a centre for under-fives encouraging intercultural activities for the breaking down of stereotypes or a video entitled “Another world, My planet, Home, The other side” portraying experiences of mixed-race people.

Award winners are trained in multimedia radio journalism and production skills, digital video camera skills or professional journalism skills. Then they learn how to pass on their newly acquired skills to others in a 3-day “training the trainer” course, and are given an attachment within the BBC to observe professional practice.

Chief Executive Joe Harte believes that “with an emphasis on training individuals from the black and ethnic minority communities in media activities, the scheme is unique in its vision of adding to the flair and variety of this society. It will develop and release latent talent from these communities through the implementation of diverse projects. Personal development for the benefit of minority communities and society in general are all part of the vision.”

For more information:

Multicultural Media Centre for the Millennium
96 Farringdon Road
GB - London EC1R 3EA
Tel: +44.171.713.86.86
Fax: +44.171.713.12.39


Other examples of interest: 

ˇ Greece, Training Centre Dimitra Institute

ˇ “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) & Institute of War and Peace Reporting (IWPR), “How we survived”, reporting training project undertaken by a multiethnic team of Macedonian reporters

ˇ Netherlands, European Journalism Centre, training on how to report diversity

ˇ International Federation of Journalists, published the Reporting diversity resource manual

ˇ Poland, national TV channels organise the yearly Media Conference with multicultural journalism workshops to improve skills of young TV journalists of minority origin or specialised in minority issues