La cyberviolence à l'égard des enfants
23 janv. 2024Bucharest, Romania 13-15 December 2023
Between 13-15 December 2023, Octopus Conference 2023 took place in Bucharest, Romania. The...
17 nov. 2023
Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse: a more effective criminal justice response is neededStrasbourg 17 November 2023
18 November marks the European Day on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and...
11 oct. 2023Amsterdam 11 October 2023
On September 28th, INHOPE hosted the Data Exchange and Intelligence Forum in Amsterdam, bringing...
4 mai 2023
Republic of Moldova: CoE-ECPAT Country Overview highlights increase in sexual abuse and exploitation of children facilitated by technologyStrasbourg 4 May 2023
A joint Council of Europe-ECPAT Country Overview of the Republic of Moldova highlights a...
13 avr. 2023
New country overview of Finland reveals the need for tailored regulations and technologies for protecting children onlineStrasbourg 13 April 2023
A new country overview of Finland, prepared under the responsibility of the Secretariat of...
30 mars 2023
Online child sexual exploitation and abuse (OCSEA) training organised for Finnish prosecutors, judges and investigatorsTampere, Finland 29-30 March 2023
On 29 and 30 March 2023, 31 Finnish judiciary and law enforcement professionals participated in a...
1 févr. 2023
Launch of an interdisciplinary outcomes report on the potential implications of the EU’s Proposal for a Regulation to prevent and combat child sexual abuseStrasbourg 1 February 2023
On 1 February 2023, the Committee of Parties to the Council of Europe Convention on the...
30 nov. 2022
The European Union Digital Services Act also includes safeguards and obligations for companies regarding CSAMNovember 2022
Having entered into force in November 2022, the European Digital Services Act recognizes the...
The Internet exposes children to a wealth of opportunities, but also risks that may have a detrimental impact on their human rights. Some of these risks include, but are not limited to:
oline child sexual exploitation and abuse
Given the complexity of this phenomenon, countries need to have a multidisciplinary approach.
The first step of this process is to harmonise national legislation with the international standards of the Council of Europe Convention for the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse (Lanzarote Convention) and the Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime (Budapest Convention).
However, legislation is not enough, and criminal justice authorities require additional capacities, especially law enforcement and the judiciary. The main challenges they face are posed by new technologies, collection of electronic evidence and international cooperation.
In this regard, the Council of Europe implements a number of capacity building projects aiming to address this challenge:
Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime (Budapest Convention)
One of the aims of the Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime (also known as the "Budapest Convention") is to modernise criminal law provisions to prevent computer systems from being used to facilitate sexual abuse and exploitation of children. The Convention seeks to strengthen protective measures for children against sexual exploitation, by criminalizing various aspects of electronic production, possession and distribution of child pornography (Article 9).
Furthermore, the Convention introduces procedural law measures and sets up a fast and effective regime of international cooperation to enable investigation of offences related to cyberviolence, allowing for preservation and collection of electronic evidence.
Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse (Lanzarote Convention)
The Council of Europe Convention on the protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse, also known as “the Lanzarote Convention”, is a human rights treaty specifically dedicated to preventing and responding to all forms of sexual violence against children.
By putting children’s rights at its heart, it adopts a victim-centred approach with far reaching provisions that improve systems and services, therefore helping States to fight against all forms of violence against children.
Synergies between the Budapest and Lanzarote Conventions
Both the Budapest and Lanzarote Conventions are open to accession by any country in the world, inspiring legislation and policies in all regions, helping countries and organisations to deliver on their commitment towards the UN SDGs.
While the Lanzarote Convention sets the ground for criminalizing sexual abuse and exploitation offences, the Budapest Convention provides the relevant procedural framework for investigations, collection of electronic evidence and international cooperation.
Globally, 1 in 5 girls
and 1 in 13 boys
have been sexually exploited or abused
before reaching the age of 18
*United Nations Children’s Fund (2021): Ending online child sexual exploitation and abuse. Lessons learned and promising practices in low- and middle-income countries, UNICEF, New York
In 2021, 7 in 10 of the reports assessed by the Internet Watch Foundation
contained online imagery of children being sexually abused
97% of the identified child sexual abuse material showed girls
* Internet Watch Foundation (2021): Annual Report
68% of the reports assessed by Internet Watch Foundation in 2021
contained online imagery of children aged 11 to 13
* Internet Watch Foundation (2021): Annual Report
- 2 November: International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists
- 25 November - International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
- 67th session of Commission on the Status of Women marks major landmark
- 8 March 2023: International Women’s Day is opportunity to take stock of progress
- Andorra: National Plan on Prevention of Bullying and Harassment at School
- ASEAN: 2019 Declaration and Plan of Action to combat online child sexual exploitation and abuse (OCSEA)
- Australia: call for 100,000 happy pictures of children to facilitate online child sexual exploitation and abuse (OCSEA) investigations
- Austria: Book for children on the Internet risks
- Austria: Criminalising cyberharassment
- Automated Detection of Online Child Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse: Findings and Recommendations
- Call for consultants on access to justice for victims of discrimination, hate speech and hate crimes in Ukraine
- Chile: School violence law
- Combatting digital and sexual violence against women in Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Conférence internationale sur la xénophobie et le racisme commis par le biais de systèmes informatiques - partage de bonnes pratiques sur 20 ans de mise en œuvre du premier protocole additionnel à la Convention sur la cybercriminalité
- Conference on Promoting the role of women in cybercrime, Costa Rica, 10-11 November 2022
- Council of Europe Campaign: Sexism: See it. Name it. Stop it.
- Council of Europe HELP tutored courses and OSCE’s Office of Democratic Institutions (ODIHR): Hate Speech and Hate Crime
- Council of Europe: Action against cyberviolence
- Council of Europe: Campaign for the Safety of Journalists - Journalists Matter
- Council of Europe: Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings