Implementation of judicial reform activities has been a strategic priority for Montenegro in the European integration since the beginning of that process. The Strategy for the Reform of the Judiciary for the period 2019-2022 was adopted on 12 September 2019, along with the Action Plan for 2019/2020.
The key activities implemented as part of that Action Plan were aimed at strengthening the independence, impartiality and accountability of the judiciary, harmonising the Montenegrin judiciary with the European standards and building capacity of the judiciary, the Bar Association, notaries, bailiffs and court experts. Two annual reports on the implementation of the Action Plan for 2019/2020 were published so far, to provide information on progress in achieving strategic and operational objectives.
On 9 December 2021, the Government of Montenegro adopted a new Action Plan for the implementation of the Strategy for the Reform of the Judiciary for 2021/2022 which sets out activities, results, impact indicators, deadlines, competent authorities and funding sources needed to implement the strategic guidelines defined by the ongoing Judicial Reform Strategy. The Plan envisages 5 strategic objective and 115 activities, focusing on strengthening of judicial accountability and integrity as of the essential component of democracy and respect for human rights.
The European Union and the Council of Europe are supporting the implementation of the Judicial Reform Strategy of Montenegro, inter alia, under the action “Accountability and professionalism of the judicial system in Montenegro” which is part of the “Horizontal Facility for the Western Balkans and Turkey 2019 - 2022”, the joint European Union and Council of Europe programme aimed at assisting beneficiaries in the Western Balkans region and Turkey to comply with the Council of Europe standards and European Union acquis in the framework of the enlargement process, where relevant.