Developments concerning the International Criminal Court
Activities of the CAHDI
At the 8th meeting of the CAHDI (Paris, 13-14 September 1994), the plans for an International Criminal Court were first mentioned during discussion of the results of the 49th session of the UN General Assembly. The inclusion of a specific item on the agenda was proposed.
At the 9th meeting (Strasbourg, 21-22 March 1995), delegations voiced unanimous support for the establishment of such a Court and raised various issues concerning the jurisdiction of the Court and the law applicable.
At the next meeting (10th meeting, Strasbourg, 12-13 September 1995), following the drafting by the International Law Commission of a Draft Statute of a Permanent International Criminal Court, the CAHDI discussed the issue of co-operation between national courts and the future Court and suggested that rules on such co-operation should be drawn up.
In the course of its meetings, the CAHDI continued to discuss various issues regarding the establishment of a Statute for the Court, in particular:
- the acceptance of the jurisdiction of the Court,
- the role of the United Nations Security Council,
- the definition of the crimes,
- the complementarity of the Court in relation to national courts,
- the identification of the various technical and political problems which might be obstacles to the adoption of the Statute of a Permanent International Criminal Court.
At the 13th meeting (Strasbourg, 4-5 March 1997), the members of the CAHDI noted that real efforts to negotiate concerning the Statute had begun. These culminated in the holding of a Diplomatic Conference in Rome in 1998, at which the Statute of the International Criminal Court was adopted.
Since the 16th meeting (Paris, 17-18 September 1998), the CAHDI has kept track of ratifications of the Statute of the International Criminal Court and the progress of its judicial activity. The corresponding agenda item is entitled "Developments concerning the International Criminal Court (ICC)".