The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) held its 35th meeting...
In a report published today, the Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against...
A delegation of the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human...
Lithuania has made progress in tackling human trafficking in recent years, but improvements are...
In a new report published today, the Council of Europe expert body on trafficking in human beings...
The Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings was adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 3 May 2005, following a series of other initiatives by the Council of Europe in the field of combating trafficking in human beings. The Convention entered into force on 1 February 2008, following its 10th ratification. While building on existing international instruments, the Convention goes beyond the minimum standards agreed upon in them and strengthens the protection afforded to victims.
The Convention has a comprehensive scope of application, encompassing all forms of trafficking (whether national or transnational, linked or not linked to organised crime) and taking in all persons who are victims of trafficking (women, men or children). The forms of exploitation covered by the Convention are, at a minimum, sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude and the removal of organs.
The main added value of the Convention is its human rights perspective and focus on victim protection. Its Preamble defines trafficking in human beings as a violation of human rights and an offence to the dignity and integrity of the human being.
GRETA has decided that the thematic focus of the 3rd evaluation round of the Convention would be “Access to justice and effective remedies for victims of trafficking in human beings”, which is essential for victims’ rehabilitation and reinstatement of rights and reflects a victim-centred and human-rights based approach to the fight against human trafficking. GRETA has also decided to ask each State Party for an update on the implementation of GRETA’s previous recommendations on selected topics, through a separate country-specific part of the questionnaire.
GRETA intends to pay greater attention to the practical implementation of the provisions of the Convention. This will include on-site visits and observing the work of frontline professionals responsible for identification, accommodation, assistance and protection of victims of trafficking, as well as the prosecution and sanctioning of the traffickers.
The third evaluation round will follow, as closely as possible, the chronology of country evaluations of the preceding evaluation round.