Action against Trafficking in Human Beings


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 20 June 2014 - World Refugee Day
Victims of trafficking in human beings are too often deprived of their right to international protection

Strasbourg, 20 June 2014 -
On the occasion of World Refugee Day, the Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) expresses deep concern that victims of trafficking are often denied international protection in Europe. “A victim of trafficking may be subject to persecution once back in her/his country because of belonging to a particular social group as defined by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) or for having denounced the traffickers”, warns Nicolas Le Coz, President of GRETA. [More...]

GRETA participates in two side events during the UN Human Rights Council session
Strasbourg, 16 June 2014 - The President of GRETA, Nicolas Le Coz, spoke at two side events on combating trafficking in human beings during the 26th session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva. [More...]

 GRETA launches second evaluation round
 
Strasbourg, 15 May 2014 – Today GRETA launched the second evaluation round of implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by sending the new questionnaire  to the first three parties to be evaluated (Austria, Cyprus and the Slovak Republic). 
 
Following the first round of monitoring, which provided an overview of the implementation of the Convention by each state party, GRETA decided that the second round would examine the impact of legislative, policy and practical measures on the prevention of trafficking, the protection of the rights of victims of trafficking, and the prosecution of traffickers. In addition, particular attention will be paid to measures taken to address new trends in human trafficking and the vulnerability of children to trafficking.
 
GRETA has drawn up a provisional timetable for the second round of evaluation of the implementation of the Convention.  States parties are required to reply to the questionnaire within a period of five months from the date of sending.

Greece becomes 42nd party to the Convention
On 11 April 2014 Greece ratified the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. The Convention will enter into force as regards Greece on 1 August 2014.
The Convention has been ratified by 41 Council of Europe member States: Albania, Andorra, Armenia,  Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, LithuaniaLuxembourg, Malta, Republic of MoldovaMontenegro, the Netherlands, Norway Poland, Portugal,  Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, SwedenSwitzerland, "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Ukraine and the United Kingdom. Late last year Belarus acceded to the Convention as the first non-member State.
The Convention has also been signed but not yet ratified by two Council of Europe member States:  Estonia and Turkey.

13th meeting of the Committee of the Parties

The 13th meeting of the Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings was held in Strasbourg on Friday, 7 February 2014.

On the basis of GRETA's reports, the Committee of the Parties adopted recommendations addressed to Luxembourg, Serbia and Slovenia.

Further, the Committee considered reports submitted by the authorities of Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia and Denmark concerning measures taken to comply with the Committee of the Parties’ recommendations on the implementation of the Convention. The Committee took note of these reports and welcomed the measures taken by the authorities of Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia and Denmark. The Committee decided to transmit their reports to GRETA in order for them to be taken into consideration during the second evaluation round.

The next meeting of the Committee of the Parties will be held on 7 July 2014.

Meeting report

GRETA's 19th meeting

The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) held its 19th meeting from 17 to 21 March 2014 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg. [more...]

List of decisions

Belarus becomes the first country outside the Council of Europe to join the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings

Belarus
acceded to the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings on 26 November 2013, thus becoming the first country outside the Council of Europe to join this treaty. The Convention will enter into force as regards Belarus on 1 March 2014.

The Convention has been ratified by 40 Council of Europe member States: Albania, Andorra, Armenia,  Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, LithuaniaLuxembourg, Malta, Republic of MoldovaMontenegro, the Netherlands, Norway Poland, Portugal,  Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, SwedenSwitzerland, "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Ukraine and the United Kingdom. Another three Council of Europe member States – Estonia, Greece and Turkey – have signed but not yet ratified the Convention.

GRETA's 18th meeting

The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) held its 18th meeting from 4 to 8 November 2013 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.

GRETA adopted final evaluation reports on Luxembourg, Serbia and Slovenia, taking into account the comments received from the national authorities. These reports will be sent to the national authorities concerned who will be asked to submit any final comments within one month. At the expiry of this time-limit GRETA’s reports, together with eventual final comments received from the authorities, will be made public.

GRETA also approved draft reports concerning the implementation of the Convention by Azerbaijan, the Netherlands, Sweden and “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”. GRETA decided to transmit these draft reports to the national authorities concerned and to ask them to submit their comments within two months. The comments will be taken into account when GRETA draws up its final evaluation reports. GRETA’s draft reports remain confidential until their final adoption.

Further, GRETA held an exchange of views with representatives of the Council of Europe Committee on Organ Transplantation (CD-P-TO).


List of decisions


More on GRETA and its members....
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7th European Anti-Trafficking Day
Victims of trafficking: “Human beings with human rights that must be protected”

18 October 2013 – Three key international anti-trafficking expert mechanisms today called for a concerted global response to fight the transnational scourge of trafficking in persons.[more...]

Europe must not stay an El Dorado for human traffickers

Strasbourg, 17 October 2013 - On the occasion of the publication of its third general report of activities, the Council of Europe Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA), responsible for monitoring the respect of the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, urges European governments to boost their efforts. [more…]

Link to the report

12th meeting of the Committee of the Parties

The 12th meeting of the Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings was held in Strasbourg on Monday, 7 October 2013.

The Committee elected Ambassador Pekka Hyvönen (Finland) as its new Chair for a term of office of one year.

On the basis of GRETA's reports, the Committee of the Parties adopted recommendations addressed to Belgium, Ireland and Spain.

Further, the Committee considered reports submitted by the authorities of Austria, Cyprus and the Slovak Republic concerning measures taken to comply with the Committee of the Parties recommendations on the implementation of the Convention. The Committee took note of these reports and welcomed the measures taken by the authorities of Austria, Cyprus and the Slovak Republic. The Committee decided to transmit their reports to  GRETA in order for them to be taken into consideration during the second evaluation round.

The next meeting of the Committee of the Parties will be held on 7 February 2014.

National contact persons appointed to liaise with GRETA meet in Strasbourg

Strasbourg, 19 September 2013 - For the second time since 2010, a meeting of the contact persons appointed by the Parties to the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings to liaise with the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) took place in Strasbourg on 17 September 2013. GRETA was represented by its Bureau. [more...]

UN and European anti-trafficking experts join forces to fight trafficking in persons in Europe and beyond

STRASBOURG / GENEVA (5 July 2013) – Two key international anti-trafficking expert mechanisms have combined forces to strengthen the fight against trafficking in human beings in Europe and beyond. Nearly 21 million people are victims of forced labour exploitation, including human trafficking, across the world, of which almost a million in the European Union member States, according to estimate by the International Labour Organisation. [more...]

GRETA's 17th meeting

The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) held its 17th meeting from 1 to 5 July 2013 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.

GRETA adopted final evaluation reports on Belgium, Ireland and Spain, taking into account the comments received from the national authorities. These reports will be sent to the national authorities concerned who will be asked to submit any final comments within one month. At the expiry of this time-limit GRETA’s reports, together with eventual final comments received from the authorities, will be made public.

GRETA also approved draft reports concerning the implementation of the Convention by Luxembourg, Serbia and Slovenia. GRETA decided to transmit these draft reports to the national authorities concerned and to ask them to submit their comments within two months. The comments will be taken into account when GRETA draws up its final evaluation reports. GRETA’s draft reports remain confidential until their final adoption.

During the meeting GRETA held an exchange of views with the United Nations Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, especially women and children, Ms Joy Ngozi Ezeilo (see article above)


List of decisions

More on GRETA and its members....
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11th meeting of the Committee of the Parties

The 11th meeting of the Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings was held in Strasbourg on Friday, 7 June 2013.

On the basis of GRETA's reports the Committee of the Parties adopted recommendations addressed to Bosnia and Herzegovina, Norway and Poland.

The Committee also approved draft amendments to the Rules on the election procedure of the members of GRETA and decided to submit them to the Committee of Ministers for adoption.

The Committee elected Ambassador Drahoslav ŠTEFÁNEK (Slovak Republic) as its new Vice-Chair for a term of office of one year.

The next meeting of the Committee of the Parties will be held on 7 October 2013.

40th ratification of the Convention by Hungary on 4 April 2013

On 4 April 2013 Hungary ratified the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. The Convention will enter into force as regards Hungary on 1 August 2013.

The Convention has now been ratified by 40 Council of Europe member States Albania, Andorra, Armenia,  Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, LithuaniaLuxembourg, Malta, Republic of MoldovaMontenegro, the Netherlands, Norway Poland, Portugal,  Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, SwedenSwitzerland, "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Ukraine and the United Kingdom.

The Convention has also been signed but not yet ratified by another three Council of Europe member States: Estonia, Greece and Turkey.

Publication of the proceedings of the Round table on action against trafficking in human beings (St Petersburg on 18 April 2012)

The proceedings of the Round table on action against trafficking in human beings which took place in St Petersburg on 18 April 2012 are now available in English and in Russian. This event, which was organised jointly by the Council of Europe, the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the Interparliamentary Assembly and the Council of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), brought together some 100 participants, including parliamentarians, public officials from CIS countries, prosecutors, law enforcement officials, researchers and representatives of non-governmental and intergovernmental organisations. [ More...]

13th meeting of the Committee of the Parties

The 13th meeting of the Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings was held in Strasbourg on Friday, 7 February 2014.

On the basis of GRETA's reports, the Committee of the Parties adopted recommendations addressed to Luxembourg, Serbia and Slovenia.

Further, the Committee considered reports submitted by the authorities of Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia and Denmark concerning measures taken to comply with the Committee of the Parties’ recommendations on the implementation of the Convention. The Committee took note of these reports and welcomed the measures taken by the authorities of Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia and Denmark. The Committee decided to transmit their reports to GRETA in order for them to be taken into consideration during the second evaluation round.

The next meeting of the Committee of the Parties will be held on 7 July 2014.

GRETA's 16th meeting

The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) held its 16th meeting on 11-15 March 2013 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.

This was the first meeting held by GRETA in its new composition, following the election of eight new GRETA members in November 2012.

The Secretary General of the Council of Europe welcomed the new GRETA members and held an exchange of views with GRETA.

GRETA adopted final evaluation reports on Bosnia and Herzegovina, Norway and Poland, taking into account the comments received from the national authorities. These reports will be sent to the national authorities concerned who will be asked to submit any final comments within one month. At the expiry of this time-limit GRETA’s reports, together with eventual comments received from the authorities, will be made public.

GRETA also approved draft reports concerning the implementation of the Convention by Belgium, Ireland and Spain. GRETA decided to transmit these draft reports to the national authorities concerned and to ask them to submit their comments within two months. The comments will be taken into account when GRETA draws up its final evaluation reports. GRETA’s draft reports remain confidential until their final adoption.

In addition GRETA elected its new Bureau for a term of office of two years. Nicolas Le Coz was re-elected as GRETA's President and Alina Braşoveanu and Helmut Sax were elected respectively as First and Second Vice-President.


List of Decisions


More on GRETA and its members....
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The Council of Europe Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) elects its new Bureau

18 March 2013 - The Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) elected on 15 March 2013 its President and two Vice-Presidents.

Nicolas Le Coz has been re-elected as GRETA’s President. Mr Le Coz is a lawyer and senior officer in the French National Gendarmerie.

Alina Braşoveanu from the Republic of Moldova has been elected as GRETA’s 1st Vice-President. She is a specialist in human rights law and anti-trafficking action.

Helmut Sax, an Austrian human rights specialist and academic, has been elected as GRETA’s 2nd Vice-President.

These three GRETA members will constitute the Bureau of GRETA for a period of two years.

GRETA is a multidisciplinary group of 15 independent experts tasked with monitoring the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings in the 39 States which are currently Parties to this Convention.

10th meeting of the Committee of the Parties

The 10th meeting of the Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings was held in Strasbourg on Friday, 15 February 2013.

On the basis of GRETA's reports the Committee of the Parties adopted recommendations addressed to France, Latvia, Malta and Portugal.

The Committee elected Ambassador Joseph LICARI (Malta) as its new Chair for the term of office of one year. Further, as agreed at its previous meeting, the Committee held a preliminary exchange of views on possible amendments to the Rules on the election procedure of the members of GRETA. The Committee agreed to set up an open-ended working group, in order to discuss specific proposals.

The next meeting of the Committee of the Parties will be held on 7 June 2013.
 
More on the Committee of the Parties ...

Five years of commitment to action against human trafficking in Europe

Strasbourg, 1 February 2013 – Today marks the 5th anniversary of the entry into force of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. [More…]
 

GRETA Evaluation visit to Slovenia
Strasbourg, 19 December 2012 - A delegation of the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out an evaluation visit to Slovenia from 10 to 13 December 2012. The visit was organised in the context of the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2010-2013). [More...]

GRETA Evaluation visit to Luxembourg
19.12.2012 - A delegation of the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out an evaluation visit to Luxembourg from 11 to 14 December 2012. This visit was organised in the context of the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2010-2013). .  [More...]

GRETA's 15th meeting
The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) held its 15th meeting on 26-30 November 2012 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.

GRETA adopted final evaluation reports on France, Latvia, Malta and Portugal which take into account the comments received from the national authorities. These reports will now be sent to the authorities concerned who will be asked to submit any final comments within one month. At the expiry of this time-limit GRETA’s reports, together with eventual comments received from the authorities, will be made public.

GRETA also approved draft reports concerning the implementation of the Convention by Bosnia and Herzegovina, Norway and Poland. GRETA decided to transmit these draft reports to the national authorities concerned and to ask them to submit their comments within two months. The comments will be taken into account when GRETA draws up its final evaluation reports. GRETA’s draft reports remain confidential until their final adoption.
Furthermore, GRETA held an exchange of views with judges from the European Court of Human Rights concerning the Court’s jurisprudence on Article 4 of the European Convention on Human Rights and other issues of common interest.


List of decisions


More on GRETA and its members.....

New composition of GRETA9th meeting of the Committee of the Parties

At its 9th meeting (12-13 November 2012), the Committee of the Parties to the Convention held elections for 13 members of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA). Five of the current GRETA members were re-elected for a second term of four years, and eight new members were elected for the first time. The term of office of the 13 members will run from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2016.

The new composition of GRETA is as follows:
Ms Vessela BANOVA (Bulgarian) - re-elected
Ms Alina BRAŞOVEANU (Moldovan)
Mr Olafs BRUVERS (Latvian)
Mr Frédéric KURZ (Belgian)
Ms Leonor LADRÓN de GUEVARA Y GUERRERO (Spanish) - re-elected
Mr Nicolas LE COZ (French) -  re-elected
Ms Kateryna LEVCHENKO  (Ukrainian)
Ms Alexandra MALANGONE (Slovak) - re-elected
Ms Siobhán MULLALLY (Irish)
Mr Ryszard PIOTROWICZ (British)
Mr Helmut SAX (Austrian) - elected in 2010 for a term of office until the end of 2014
Ms Gulnara SHAHINIAN (Armenian) - re-elected
Mr Mihai ŞERBAN (Romanian)
Ms Rita THEODOROU SUPERMAN (Cypriot)
Mr Jan van DIJK (Dutch) - elected in 2010 for a term of office until the end of 2014.

1st Evaluation Round: GRETA visits Spain
24.10.2012 - A delegation of the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out a country visit to Spain from 15 to 19 October 2012. The visit was organised in the context of the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2010-2013). [More...]

6th European Anti-Trafficking Day
"We will never win the war against human trafficking if we fail to empower victims"

18.10.2012 - In Brussels today to speak at a conference organised by the Cyprus Presidency and the European Commission to mark the Sixth EU Anti-Trafficking Day, Mr Nicolas Le Coz, President of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA), declared: “The fight against trafficking in human beings continues to be slowed down by persisting prejudices and misconceptions. There cannot be effective prevention of human trafficking without education, empowerment and anti-discrimination measures.  [more...]

1st Evaluation Round: GRETA visits Belgium
10.10.2012 - A delegation of the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out a country visit to Belgium from 1 to 5 October 2012. The visit was organised in the context of the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2010-2013). [more ...]

GRETA welcomes the new EU Anti-Human Trafficking strategy

At its 14th meeting (25-29 June 2012), the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) considered the EU Strategy towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings 2012-2016. The publication of the Strategy on 19 June 2012 was preceded by consultations with a series of stakeholders, including the Council of Europe.

GRETA welcomes the Strategy’s comprehensive scope and focus on concrete measures aimed to step up action against trafficking in human beings. The Strategy refers to the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings and urges those EU Member States which have not yet done so, to ratify it.* The Strategy also stresses that the judgment of the European Court on Human Rights in the case Rantsev v Cyprus and Russia (2010) provides a decisive human rights benchmark with clear obligations for EU Member States to take the necessary steps to address different areas of trafficking in human beings.
 
GRETA notes that the European Commission intends to “establish effective monitoring and evaluation procedures that do not create repetitive reporting mechanisms” and to “exploit as far as possible existing reporting mechanisms in the field of trafficking in human beings”. In this context, GRETA welcomes the reference made to its reports and stresses that it is important to avoid unnecessary duplication of monitoring operations. GRETA is currently the only independent mechanism monitoring the implementation of international legally binding obligations against trafficking in human beings. GRETA’s country evaluation reports provide an authoritative source of information on different aspects of the fight against human trafficking, including identifying gaps, needs and good practices in the States monitored.
 
One of the five priorities of the Strategy is to improve the identification of victims of trafficking. Indeed, GRETA’s evaluation reports reveal the need to adopt a more proactive, multi-disciplinary approach to identification, which requires the setting up of coherent national referral mechanisms and providing training to all relevant professionals.
 
Another priority of the Strategy is to enhance co-ordination and co-operation among key actors to combat human trafficking. GRETA is committed to continuing its partnership with the European Union to improve the exchange of information and ensure co-operation in the areas covered by the Strategy which fall within GRETA’s mandate.

*
21 EU Member States have ratified the Council of Europe Convention and a further five have signed it.

8th meeting of the Committee of the Parties

The 8th meeting of the Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings was held in Strasbourg on Monday, 11 June 2012.

On the basis of GRETA's reports the Committee of the Parties adopted recommendations addressed to the Republic of Moldova and Romania.

Next Committee of the Parties meeting:
9th meeting: 12-13 November 2012

 More on the Committee of the Parties ...

1st Evaluation Round: GRETA visits Norway

Strasbourg, 30 May 2012 - A delegation of the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out a country visit to Norway from 21 to 24 May 2012. The visit was organised in the context of the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2010-2013). [More...]

Forthcoming elections of GRETA members
Strasbourg, 21 May 2012 - The terms of office of 13 of the 15 current members of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) will expire on 31 December 2012. The elections to fill the vacant seats will be held at the 9th meeting of the Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings on 12-13 November 2012.
Taking into account that no two members of GRETA may be nationals of the same State, the following 34 Parties to the Convention have the right to nominate candidates for GRETA membership: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland (entry into force of the Convention on 1st September 2012), France, Georgia, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Republic of Moldova, Montenegro, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Serbia, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, “The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, Ukraine and United Kingdom.
The governments of these countries have been invited to submit, by 12 September 2012, the names of at least two experts known for their recognised competence in the fields of human rights, assistance and protection of victims and action against trafficking in human beings or having professional experience in the areas covered by the Convention. GRETA members sit in their individual capacity and have to be independent and impartial. It is the responsibility of each Party to ensure that the national selection procedure leading to the nomination of candidates for GRETA is in accordance with published national guidelines or otherwise transparent and designed to lead to the nomination of the most qualified candidates


 

The president of GRETA meets the director of FRONTEX

On 16 May 2012 the President of the Council of Europe Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA), Mr Nicolas le Coz, met with the Director of the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (FRONTEX), Mr Ilkka Laitinen, at the FRONTEX headquarters in Warsaw. Ms Hanna Machinska, Head of the Office of the Council of Europe in Warsaw, and Mr David Reisenzein, External Relations Officer of FRONTEX, also participated in the meeting.

The Director of FRONTEX stressed that action against trafficking in human beings is a priority for the agency and presented the tools and recent initiatives developed in this field. The President of GRETA, recalling that the Council of Europe Anti-trafficking Convention already binds 20 of the 27 EU Member States and contains far-reaching provisions on the identification and protection of victims of trafficking, presented the Council of Europe’s anti-trafficking work and GRETA’s role. Recalling the links already established with the Anti-trafficking Co-ordinator on behalf of the European Commission, EUROJUST and other international organisations active in the field of action against trafficking in human beings, he stressed the importance of institutional and operational co-operation between the main stakeholders, as well as the transmission of information to GRETA for the establishment of its evaluation reports.

M. Laitinen and Mr Le Coz agreed, in the framework of the mandates of FRONTEX and GRETA, to implement co-operation between the two institutions.

1st Evaluation Round: GRETA visits Bosnia and Herzegovina

Strasbourg, 21 May 2012- A delegation of the Council of Europe’s
Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out a country visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina from 14 to 18 May 2012. The visit was carried out in the context of the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2010-2013). [More...]


A national co-ordinating body with the necessary authority is an efficient tool to prevent trafficking in human beings


The OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) organised in Warsaw on 14-16 May 2012 a Human Dimension Seminar on the Rule of Law Framework
for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings. More than 150 representatives of OSCE Participating States, international organisations and non-governmental organisations attended the seminar.

ODHIR Director Ambassador Janez Lenarčič opened the seminar by recalling that anti-trafficking policies will only be successful if they are ”governed by the principles of rule of law and centered on the protection of the rights of the victims to access justice and regain their human dignity”. Ms Maria Grazia Giammarinaro, OSCE Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, underlined the necessity for States to evaluate the impact of their policies on the human rights of trafficked persons.

Speaking at the session on prevention of trafficking, the President of the Council of Europe Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA), Nicolas Le Coz, recalled that the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings is the only international legal instrument providing for the setting up of national co-ordinating bodies which bring together the actions of various anti-trafficking actors. The Convention also encourages state authorities to co-operate with non-governmental organisations in establishing strategic partnerships. He stressed the importance of giving such co-ordination bodies the authority necessary to fulfil their mission and called upon OSCE Participating States which have not yet done so to sign and ratify the Council of Europe Convention.

The President of GRETA put forth five recommendations concerning co-ordination of action against human trafficking, protection of groups and persons vulnerable to trafficking, support of research, protection of anti-trafficking actors from the influence of traffickers, and monitoring of national anti-trafficking systems.

1st Evaluation Round : GRETA visits Poland

Strasbourg, 3 May 2012- A delegation of the Council of Europe's
Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out a country visit to Poland from 23 to 27 April 2012. The visit was carried out in the context of the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2010-2013). [More...]


The Council of Europe Anti-trafficking Convention and GRETA’s monitoring reports strengthen the support provided by Eurojust in the prosecution of traffickers


On 26 and 27 April 2012, the Council of Europe Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) participated in a strategic seminar on trafficking in human beings organised by Eurojust in The Hague, Netherlands. The seminar brought together national practitioners, experts, representatives of Eurojust, Europol, the European Commission and the Council of Europe.

Michèle Coninsx, President-Elect of Eurojust, and Ola Laurell, Chair of the Trafficking and Related Crimes Team (TRCT), recalled the assistance Eurojust can provide to States with a view to improving the number and quality of prosecutions. Ms Coninsx stressed the need to freeze, seize and confiscate the assets of organised criminal gangs involved in human trafficking and highlighted the enhanced role that Eurojust can play if used effectively by EU Member States. Mr Laurell announced a project launched by TRCT to uncover obstacles to the investigation and prosecution of human trafficking crimes.

Nicolas Le Coz, President of GRETA, explained that the provisions of the Council of Europe Anti-trafficking Convention and GRETA’s evaluation reports, which promote efficient criminal investigations and prosecutions as well as mutual legal assistance, are an added-value for action against trafficking in human beings and provide strong support to the work of Eurojust. Mr Le Coz recalled that the Convention, which has been ratified by 35 Council of Europe Member States (20 of which are also EU Member States), provides in its Article 23(3) for the confiscation of traffickers’ assets. GRETA has stressed in its reports that the confiscation of criminal assets is crucial as a way of reinforcing the effects of the penalty, as well as ensuring the compensation to victims.

The findings of the seminar will be incorporated into a report on best practices and an action plan for Eurojust.

1st Evaluation Round: GRETA visits France

Strasbourg, 10 April 2012 - A delegation of the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out a country visit to France from 26 to 30 March 2012. The visit was organised in the context of the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2010-2013). [suite…]

GRETA - 13th meeting

The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) held its 13th meeting on 19-23 March 2012 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.

GRETA adopted its final evaluation report on Romania which takes into account the comments received from the Romanian authorities. The report will now be sent to the authorities who will be asked to submit any final comments within one month. At the expiry of this time-limit GRETA’s report, together with eventual comments received from the Romanian authorities, will be made public.

GRETA also approved draft reports concerning the implementation of the Convention by Armenia, Montenegro and the United Kingdom. GRETA decided to transmit these reports to the national authorities concerned and to ask them to submit their comments within two months. The comments will be taken into account when GRETA draws up its final evaluation reports. GRETA’s draft reports remain confidential until their final adoption.

In addition, GRETA approved the composition and terms of reference of three thematic working groups dealing with mechanisms for the identification and referral of victims of trafficking, legal issues related to the interpretation of the Convention, and ensuring consistency in GRETA’s evaluations.

Further, GRETA decided to hold an exchange of views and to explore possibilities for future interaction with the EC Group of Experts on combating trafficking in human beings.


List of decisions


Next GRETA meeting:
14th meeting: 25-29 June 2012


More on GRETA and its members....
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  1st Evaluation Round: GRETA visits Malta
 

Strasbourg, 5 March 2012 - A delegation of the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out a country visit to Malta from 28 February to 2 March 2012. The visit was organised in the context of the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2010-2013). [More...]
 

  1st Evaluation Round: GRETA visits Latvia

Strasbourg, 21 February 2012- A delegation of the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out a country visit to Latvia from 14 to 17 February 2012. The visit was carried out in the context of the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2010-2013). [More...]
 

  1st Evaluation Round: GRETA visits Portugal
 

Strasbourg, 20 February 2012- A delegation of the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out a country visit to Portugal from 13 to 17 February 2012. The visit was carried out in the context of the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2010-2013). [More...]
 

 7th meeting of the Committee of the Parties
  

The 7th meeting of the Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings was held in Strasbourg on Monday, 30 January 2012.
  
The Committee of the Parties re-elected Ambassador Tatiana Pârvu (Republic of Moldova) as its Chair.
  
The Committee also examined four GRETA reports concerning the evaluation of the implementation of Convention by Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia and Denmark and adopted recommendations addressed to these Parties.
   
  Next Committee of the Parties meeting:
  8th meeting: 11 June 2012
  
  More on the Committee of the Parties ...

GRETA - 12th meeting

The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) held its 12th meeting on 6-9 December 2011 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.

GRETA adopted its final evaluation reports on Georgia and Moldova as amended in the light of the comments received from the respective authorities. These two reports will now be transmitted to the national authorities concerned, which will be asked to submit their final comments within one month. At the expiry of this time-limit GRETA’s reports, together with eventual comments received from the authorities, will be made public.

GRETA also held an exchange of views with representatives of international non-governmental organisations active in the area of action against trafficking in human beings (Anti-Slavery International, ECPAT International and La Strada International).

Further, GRETA took stock of the evaluations of the 1st group of 10 Parties to the Convention. In order to ensure that country evaluations are completed expeditiously, GRETA decided to shorten from six to four months the time period for Parties to respond to GRETA’s questionnaire.


List of decisions
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Next GRETA meeting:
13th meeting: 19-23 March 2012


More on GRETA and its members....
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  1st Evaluation Round: GRETA visits Montenegro
 
 
Strasbourg, 21 November 2011- A delegation of the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out a country visit to Montenegro from 14 to 18 November 2011. The visit was carried out in the context of the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2010-2013). [More...]

  1st Evaluation Round: GRETA visits the United Kingdom
 
 
Strasbourg, 4 November 2011 - A delegation of the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out a visit to the United Kingdom from 24 to 28 October 2011. This was the 12th country visit carried out by GRETA in the context of the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2010-2013). [More...]

  1st Evaluation Round: GRETA visits Armenia
 
 
Strasbourg, 25 October 2011 - A delegation of the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out a country visit to Armenia from 17-20 October 2011, in order to prepare its first monitoring report on the fight against human trafficking in this country. [More...]

18 October: European Anti-Trafficking Day
 
 A human being cannot be merchandise
 and Europe must be the guarantor of this rule of civilised society
 

 In Madrid today to attend the international seminar "Combating trafficking in human beings for the purpose of sexual exploitation", organised by the IOM and the Spanish government to mark the European Day against Trafficking in Human Beings, Mr Nicolas Le Coz, President of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA), declared: "A human being cannot be merchandise and Europe must be the guarantor of this rule of civilised society."
 
 The President of GRETA recalled that the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, which is evaluated by GRETA, contributes effectively to ensuring that, on the one hand, every woman, man or child victim of human trafficking is identified, protected from reprisals and compensated for the serious damages suffered and, on the other hand, that the traffickers are punished.
 
 Mr Nicolas Le Coz recalled that the European Court of Human Rights, in its judgment Rantsev v. Cyprus and Russia, had emphasised the obligation of member States of the Council of Europe to investigate acts of trafficking in human beings, including through effective co-operation with other States on criminal matters.
 
 Participating in the seminar along with Ms Laura Seara Sobrado, Spanish Secretary of State for Equality, and Ms Maria Grazia Giammarinaro, OSCE Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, the President of GRETA welcomed the strengthening of co-ordination of anti-trafficking action by international organisations, thus permitting greater complementarity and synergy while avoiding duplication of efforts in the actions undertaken.
 
 "The time when victims of human trafficking were ignored or, even worse, wrongfully considered as criminals, while their traffickers were able to come and go, profiting from their ill-gotten gains with impunity, is at an end," stressed the President of GRETA. He concluded in saying that the efforts undertaken by States must by no means be relaxed and that the Council of Europe's Anti-Trafficking Convention must be signed and/or ratified without delay by the Council of Europe member States which have not already done so. This will not only serve to eliminate zones of impunity on the continent, but will also avoid undermining the important efforts made by the 34 member States which are Parties to the Convention.

The Committee of the Parties elects a new member of GRETA
 
 
The 6th meeting of the Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings was held in Strasbourg on Monday, 26 September 2011.
 
 The Committee of the Parties elected Ms Leonor Ladron de Guevara y Guerrero (Spanish) as a new member of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA), to fill the seat left vacant after the resignation of a GRETA member in May 2011. The term of office of Ms Ladron de Guevara y Guerrero will last for the remainder of her predecessor’s term, i.e. until 31 December 2012.
 
 The Committee of the Parties also elected Ambassador Alain Cools (Belgium) as its new Vice-Chair.
 
 At the same meeting, the Committee of the Parties examined GRETA’s first three reports concerning the evaluation of the implementation of the Anti-Trafficking Convention by Austria, Cyprus and the Slovak Republic and adopted recommendations addressed to these Parties.
 
 List of decisions
 
 Next Committee of the Parties meeting:
 7th meeting: 30 January 2012
 
 More on the Committee of the Parties.....
 

GRETA - 11th meeting

The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) held its 11th meeting on 20-23 September 2011 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.

GRETA adopted its final evaluation reports on Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia and Denmark as amended in the light of the comments received from the respective authorities. These four reports will now be transmitted to the national authorities concerned, which will be asked to submit their final comments within one month. At the expiry of this time-limit GRETA’s reports, together with eventual comments received from the authorities, will be made public.

GRETA also examined the draft reports on Georgia, Moldova and Romania, and decided to transmit them to the national authorities concerned and to ask them to submit their comments within one month. These comments will be taken into account when GRETA draws up its final evaluation reports. GRETA’s draft reports remain confidential until their final adoption.

Further, GRETA decided to hold an exchange of views with international non-governmental organisations active in the area of action against trafficking in human being at its 12th meeting (6-9 December 2011).


List of decisions


Next GRETA meeting:
12th meeting: 6-9 December 2011


More on GRETA and its members....
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Election of a new GRETA member – 6th meeting of the Committee of the Parties

At its next meeting on 26 September 2011, the Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings will elect a new member for the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) to fill the seat vacated by one of the member's who resigned (2 May 2011).

Taking into account the current membership of GRETA and bearing in mind that no two members of GRETA may be nationals of the same state only the following Parties are eligible to nominate candidates for GRETA membership: Andorra, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus, Georgia, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Montenegro, Poland, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, Ukraine and the United Kingdom.

The governments of these Parties have been invited to submit the names and curricula vitae of at least two candidates to the Secretary General by 26 July 2011. The election procedure and requirements are set out in Resolution CM/Res(2008)7 on rules on the election procedure of the members of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings.

On the occasion of its 6th meeting, the Committee of the Parties will also examine GRETA's first three reports concerning the evaluation of the implementation of the Anti-Trafficking Convention by Austria, Cyprus and the Slovak Republic. Pursuant to the Convention, the Committee of the Parties may adopt on the basis of the conclusions of GRETA, recommendations addressed to these Parties

GRETA launches evaluation of second group of 10 Parties to the Convention
 
 
In February 2011, GRETA launched the evaluation of the second group of 10 Parties to the Convention: Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, France, Latvia, Malta, Montenegro, Norway, Poland, Portugal and the United Kingdom.
 
 The contact person appointed by each country concerned to liaise with GRETA has been sent the Questionnaire for the first round of the evaluation of the implementation of the Convention by the Parties. The contact persons are responsible for distributing the questionnaire to the different national bodies concerned, co-ordinating their replies and submitting to GRETA a consolidated reply by 1 September 2011 at the latest. Following that date, GRETA will carry out visits to each country concerned with a view to supplementing the information provided in the replies to the questionnaire before drawing up its evaluation reports.

GRETA - 10th meeting

The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) held its 10th meeting on 21-24 June 2011 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.

GRETA adopted its final evaluation reports on Austria, Cyprus and the Slovak Republic as amended in the light of the comments received from the respective authorities. These three reports will now be transmitted to the national authorities concerned, which will be asked to submit their final comments within one month. At the expiry of this time-limit GRETA’s reports, together with eventual comments received from the authorities, will be made public.

GRETA also examined the draft reports on Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia and Denmark. GRETA decided to transmit these reports to the national authorities concerned and to ask them to submit their comments within one month. The comments will be taken into account when GRETA draws up its final evaluation reports. GRETA’s draft reports remain confidential until their final adoption.

Further, GRETA adopted the 1st General Report on its activities, covering the period from February 2009 to June 2011. The report will be submitted to the Committee of the Parties and the Committee of Ministers and will also be published on the Anti-Trafficking website.

In addition, GRETA appointed rapporteurs for the country visits to the second group of 10 parties to the Convention. These visits will take place after GRETA has received the replies to its questionnaire from the countries concerned, the deadline being 1 September 2011.

During the meeting, GRETA held an exchange of views with Ms Myria Vassiliadou, EU Anti-Trafficking Co-ordinator on behalf of the European Commission.


List of decisions
[PDF]

Next GRETA meeting:
11th meeting: 20-23 September 2011


More on GRETA and its members....
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1st Evaluation Round: GRETA visits Romania
 

Strasbourg, 1 June 2011 - A delegation of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out a country visit to Romania from 24-27 May 2011, in order to prepare its first monitoring report on the fight against human trafficking in this country. [More...]


 1st Evaluation Round: GRETA visits Moldova
 

Strasbourg, 16 May 2011- A delegation of the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out a visit to Moldova from 10 to 13 May 2011 in order to prepare its first monitoring report on the fight against human trafficking in this country. [More...]
 

 1st Evaluation Round: GRETA visits Georgia
 
 Strasbourg, 18 April 2011- A delegation of the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) carried out a visit to Georgia from 11 to 14 April 2011 in order to prepare its first monitoring report on the fight against human trafficking in this country. [More...]

GRETA - 9th meeting

The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) held its 9th meeting on 15-18 March 2011 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg. The meeting was chaired by GRETA’s new President, Mr Nicolas Le Coz.

GRETA finalised the examination of the draft report on Cyprus and examined the draft reports on Austria and the Slovak Republic. GRETA decided to transmit these three draft reports to the national authorities concerned and to ask them to submit their comments within one month. The comments will be taken into account by GRETA when establishing its final report. GRETA recalled that its draft reports remain confidential until their final adoption.

In addition, GRETA considered the feedback from its country visits to Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia and Denmark which had taken place since its last meeting.

Since 1 March 2011, the Convention has entered into force in respect of Italy, San Marino and Ukraine. GRETA decided that these three new Parties to the Convention, together with any other countries which accede to it in the future, will form a fourth group of countries to be evaluated in accordance with GRETA’s timetable for the first evaluation round.


List of decisions
[PDF]

Next GRETA meeting:
10th meeting: 21-24 June 2011


More on GRETA and its members....
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 GRETA - 8th meeting
 

 The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) held its 8th meeting on 7-10 December 2010 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.
 
 A major part of this meeting was devoted to the examination of the preliminary draft report on Cyprus. Further, GRETA considered the feedback from its country visits to Austria and the Slovak Republic, which took place in November 2010. GRETA also approved a timetable for the preparation, examination and adoption of draft and final reports concerning the 1st Group of ten parties to the Convention.
 
 At the meeting, GRETA elected its new Bureau. Nicolas Le Coz, a lawyer and senior officer in the French National Gendarmerie, was elected as President for a term of office of two years starting on 1 January 2011. Gulnara Shahinian, an Armenian specialist in migration policy and action against trafficking in human beings, was elected First Vice-President. Davor Derencinovic, a Croatian professor in criminal law and criminology, became the new Second Vice-President.
 
 GRETA urged the Council of Europe member States which had not already done so and the European Union to sign and/or ratify the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. In addition, GRETA called on non-member states to accede to the Convention.
  
 List of decisions [PDF]
 
 Next GRETA meeting:
 9th meeting:     15-18 March 2011
 
 More on GRETA and its members....

The Committee of the Parties elects two new members of GRETA – 5th meeting

The 5th meeting of the Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings was held in Strasbourg on Monday, 6 December 2010.
 
 
At this meeting the Committee of the Parties elected two members for the remaining seats on the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA): Mr Helmut SAX (Austrian) and Mr Jan VAN DIJK (Dutch).  Their term of office will begin on 1 January 2011 for duration of four years.  GRETA has now reached its maximum number of members (15).
 
 More on the Committee of the Parties..... 
 

 GRETA - 7th meeting
 

 The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) held its 7th meeting on 14-17 September 2010 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.
 
 At this meeting, GRETA finalised preparations for the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by the parties, in particular the preparation of its Reports, the organisation of country visits and requests for information addressed to civil society. GRETA also held a preliminary exchange of views concerning the practical organisation of its work with a view to drawing up a timetable for the evaluation of the 1st group of 10 parties.
 
 List of items discussed and decisions taken [PDF]
 
 Next GRETA meeting:
 8th meeting:     7-10 December 2010
 
 More on GRETA and its members..... 

Committee of the Parties: 4th meeting and Thematic debate on Partnerships among international organisations active in the field of trafficking in human beings: need for co-ordinated action

The 4th meeting of the Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings was held in Strasbourg on Monday, 13 September 2010.

The major part of this meeting was devoted to a thematic debate on Partnerships among international organisations active in the field of trafficking in human beings: need for co-ordinated action. The aim of the debate was to determine the actions to be taken to strengthen partnerships and improve co-ordination between the different international organisations active in the field of preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims. The European Commission and the following international governmental and non-governmental organisations which all have observer status with the Committee of the Parties were invited to participate in this debate: UNODC, ILO, UNICEF, OHCHR, UNHCR, IOM, OSCE, Interpol, Europol, Amnesty International, Anti-Slavery International, La Strada International and the International Federation Terre des Hommes - IFTDH.

Pan-European Campaign on Compensation for trafficked persons

The Council of Europe has granted its institutional support to the COMP.ACT Project (“European Action for  Compensation for Trafficked Persons”) and the Pan-European Campaign on Compensation for Trafficked Persons, undertaken by Anti-Slavery International and La Strada International,  together with partners in 14 countries (see www.compactproject.org). This initiative is based on Article 15 of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, which is the first and only international binding provision recognising the right of the victims of trafficking in human beings to be compensated for the damaged suffered, as well as the obligation for States to guarantee this compensation in their internal law. 

The COMP.ACT Project and Campaign will be launched in Prague on 2 July 2010, with the participation of the Executive Secretary of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. A video message from the Secretary General of the Council of Europe will be broadcasted at this launching event.

 

GRETA - 6th meeting
 
 
The 6th meeting of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) was held on 1-4 June 2010 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.
 
 At this meeting, in the framework of the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by the parties, GRETA continued its discussion concerning the structure and preparation of GRETA reports, the preparation of country visits and requests for information addressed to civil society. In addition, in order to hold an exchange of views on the role of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in the evaluation procedure of the implementation of the Convention, GRETA had invited the following international NGOs active in the field of action against trafficking in human beings to a hearing: Amnesty International, Anti-Slavery International and La Strada International.
 
 List of items discussed and decisions taken

 
 Next GRETA meetings:
 7th meeting:     14
-17 September 2010
 8th meeting:     7-10 December 2010
 
 More on GRETA and its members..... 

Information Meeting on the first evaluation round

An Information Meeting for the “contact persons” on the first evaluation round of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by the parties took place in Strasbourg on 31 March 2010.

The aim of this meeting was to provide the “contact persons” appointed by the parties to the Convention, with information concerning the Convention and its monitoring mechanism, as well as with guidelines for completing the Questionnaire for the evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by the parties – first evaluation round.

In addition, the Secretariat of the Convention gave a presentation of the Trafficking Information Management System (TIMS), which should, as far as possible, be used when replying to the questionnaire.

GRETA – 5th meeting
 
 
The fifth meeting of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) was held on 16-19 March 2010 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.
 
 At this meeting GRETA held an exchange of views concerning the structure and preparation of GRETA reports and concerning the preparation of country visits, in the framework of the first round of evaluation of the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by the parties.
 
 List of items discussed and decisions taken

 
 Next GRETA meetings:
 6th meeting:     1-4 June 2010
 7th meeting:     14-17 September 2010
 8th meeting:     7-10 December 2010

More on GRETA and its members..... 

 
GRETA – 4th meeting

 
The fourth meeting of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) was held on 8-11 December 2009 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.
 
 At this meeting GRETA examined and adopted the questionnaire for the first  round of evaluation of the implementation by the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings.  More on GRETA and its members..... 
 
 List of items discussed and decisions taken

European Union Ministerial Conference "Towards EU Global Action against Trafficking in Human beings", Brussels, 19-20 October 2009
 
 
The Secretary General of the Council of Europe called on the EU to become party to the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings: Link to speech.
 Link to video
 
 Contribution of the Secretariat of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings to the European Union Ministerial Conference. Link to document.
  

GRETA – 3rd meeting
 
The third meeting of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) will be held on 22-25 September 2009 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.
 
At this meeting GRETA will continue its discussion on the preparation of the questionnaire for the first round of evaluation of the implementation by the parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings.

More on GRETA and its members..... 

Committee of the Parties – 3rd meeting
 
The Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings held its third meeting on Monday, 21 September 2009 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.

At this meeting the Committee elected its new Chair and its new Vice-Chair and held an exchange of views with the President of GRETA. The Committee also continued its discussion on the European Commission Proposal for a ”Council Framework Decision on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings, and protecting victims” and considered possible topics for thematic debates relating to trafficking in human beings.


GRETA holds its 2nd meeting


The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) will meet for the second time on 16-19 June 2009 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.

In preparation for the first monitoring round of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, GRETA will prepare its Rules of procedure for evaluating implementation of the Convention by the Parties. GRETA will also start preparing a questionnaire for the first evaluation.

A list of the items discussed and the decisions taken during the meeting will be made public after the meeting.

More on GRETA and its members..... 

The Committee of the Parties holds its 2nd meeting

The Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings met for the second time on 15 June 2009 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.

At this meeting the Committee held its first exchange of views with the President of GRETA. The Committee also held an exchange of views on the proposal for a European Union “Council Framework Decision on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings, and protecting victims”.
.

GRETA meets to prepare the first monitoring round of the Convention

Thirteen independent experts were elected by the Committee of Parties, at its meeting on 5 and 8 December 2008, for the first composition of GRETA. Members are elected for a term of office of four years, beginning 1 January 2009.

The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) met for the first time on 24-27 February 2009 at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.

GRETA adopted its internal rules of procedure and elected Ms Hanne Sophie Greve as its President, Mr Nicolas Le Coz as its first Vice-President and Ms Gulnara Shahinian as its second Vice-President

In preparation for the first monitoring cycle of the Convention, GRETA held an exchange of views on the evaluation procedure for monitoring the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by the parties.  GRETA decided to meet again on 16-19 June in order to continue the preparations for the first monitoring cycle of the Convention.

Secretary General's Speech


Speech of the Vice-Chair of the Committee of the Parties
(French)

GRETA's Internal Rules of Procedure


List of decisions taken at GRETA's first meeting


More on GRETA and its members....

Election of GRETA members at 1st meeting of the Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings

At its first meeting on 5 and 8 December, the Committee of the Parties adopted its rules of procedure and elected Ambassador Pēteris Kārlis Elferts, Permanent Representative of Latvia to the Council of Europe, as Chair, and Ambassador Bruno Gain, Permanent Representative of France to the Council of Europe, as Vice-Chair, for a first term of office of one year.  The Committee also elected a total of 13 members for the first composition of GRETA, the Group of Experts on Action against in Trafficking in Human Beings. Members are elected for a term of office of four years, beginning 1 January 2009.  The first meeting of GRETA will take place during the first quarter of 2009.

Composition of GRETA

Vessela Banova (Bulgarian)
Louise Calleja (Maltese)
Josie Christodoulou (Cypriot)
Davor Derencinovic (Croatian)
Vladimir Gilca (Moldovan)
Hanne Sophie Greve (Norwegian)
Nicolas Le Coz (French)
Alexandra Malangone (Slovak)
Nell Rasmussen (Danish)
Leonor Maria Da Conceição Cruz Rodrigues (Portuguese)
Gulnara Shahinian (Armenian)
Robert Stratoberdha (Albanian)
Diana-Florentina Tudorache (Romanian)

General Assembly Thematic Debate on Human Trafficking, United Nations Headquarters, New York, 3 June 2008
The Deputy Secretary-General of the Council of Europe, Ms Maud de Boer-Buquicchio participated in the United Nations' General Assembly Thematic Debate on Human Trafficking and moderate a panel session on Protecting victims of trafficking and cross-border cooperation in prosecuting traffickers in persons.  Programme

Adoption of the Rules on the election procedure of the members of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) 

On 11 June, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe adopted a Resolution establishing the election procedure of the members of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA).  This is an important first step in the setting up of an effective and independent mechanism to monitor the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings.  (more....)
Resolution CM/Res(2008)7 on rules on the election procedure of the members of the
Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA)

Background Document on the Council of Europe's action to combat trafficking in human beings

1st February 2008:  Entry into force of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings [CETS no. 197]

On 1 February 2008, the ground-breaking Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, the first European treaty in this field, entered into force. This is a significant achievement and a major step forward in the fight against this modern form of slavery.

Countries now have a comprehensive treaty setting out measures not only to prevent trafficking in human beings and to prosecute the traffickers but also to give real protection to victims of trafficking and safeguard their human rights.

Council of Europe leaders and Ján Kubiš, Slovak Foreign Affairs Minister and Chairman of the Committee of Ministers made statements to welcome the entry into force.  Amnesty International, Anti-Slavery International and La Strada International made a joint statement.

The Convention is not restricted to CoE member states; non-member states and the European Community also have the possibility of becoming Party to the Convention.

Background Document on the Council of Europe's action to combat trafficking in human beings