European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI)






1971 Law, master (State Law, International Law)
Professional activities

1971 1980 University of Twente (communication; secretary to the University Council; senior policy maker

1980 1994 Prosecution service (1980-1986 public prosecutor; 1986-1991 Advocat-general; 1991 1994 Prosecutor-General)

1994-1998 Minister of justice (1st half 1997 president EU-Council Justice and Home Affairs

1998 2000 Consultancy work for public institutions and the United Nations (organised crime, trafficking in human beings)

2000 2006 President Dutch Council for Culture

2006 Member Council of State
Other activities

Past: Board member of various organisations in the field of culture, education, public health, etc

Present (a.o)
Board Unicef Netherlands
Board Academic Hospital University Leiden
Board Hogeschool Rotterdam
President several cultural institutions

1983 Een experiment in het bos (History University of Twente)
1999 Een verantwoordelijke minister (essays on justice-related issues)
2006 Grenzen aan de Kunst (freedom of speech, art and other human rights)
2006 Ongeschreven wetten (Unwritten laws, novel, nom de plume Victor ten Hove)
2006-2009 Four books for children about Mozart, Beethoven, Bach and Vivaldi (with CD with passages)

various articles published in academic press and newspapers