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TESEC

Centre Européen de sécurité technologique - TESEC

Adresse: Ukraine, 03164, Kyiv-164, General Naumov., 13

Tel.: (38 044) 4238148, (38 044) 4520678

Fax: (38 044) 4238148

E-mail: poyarkov@i.kiev.ua

Web: www.tesec-int.org

Creation

The European Centre of Technological safety (TESEC) (hereafter TESEC) is created in compliance with the Decree of Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “On Conception of Creation and Activity of European Centre of Technological safety (TESEC)” # 1259 of 17.10.96 and according to the decision of Founders (the Ministry of Ukraine of Emergencies and Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of Chornobyl Catastrophe from Ukraine and Open Partial Agreement from Council of Europe, protocol # 1 of 24.05.97).

TESEC is a research and educational organization that acts in according to its Statute, in its activity it is guided by international regulations, decisions of Supreme Soviet of Ukraine, decrees of the President of Ukraine, decisions and orders of Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, decisions of Council of Founders of the Centre.

STRUCTURE

TESEC management is fulfilled by TESEC higher body - the Council of Founders and the executive body headed by the Executive Director. V. Poyarkov was elected as Executive Director of TESEC at the Council of Founds meeting from 24.05.97 (protocol #1).
 

President of the Scientific Committee, Executive Director:
Dr. Victor Poyarkov

Permanent staff of the Center:

Averaged year number of TESEC workers is 40 - 50 persons. The source of financing is contracts with Ukrainian Government, Council of Europe, EC, IAEA, UNDP, IOM etc.

OBJECTIVES 

- to join and concentrate the efforts and scientific potential of the worldwide scientific, research, technological centres and laboratories in designing technical means and technologies (including conversion), to define an approach to the risk assessment of potentially dangerous activities and to conduct activities on prevention and an effective response to the consequences of extraordinary technological situations and natural disasters, especially the consequences of the Chornobyl catastrophe;

- to establish a reliable mechanism to attract the world community to conduct scientific-technological research works in enterprises with a high industrial risk level in Ukraine;

- to establish the partners and business contacts among the Ukrainian scientists and scientific research institutions and leading world scientific research centres and laboratories;

- to create a reliable integration mechanism of applied science in Ukraine in the field of technological safety into the world scientific community;

- to coordinate methodological, technical and financial help in the field of technological safety;

- to provide effective implementation of the international co-operation and assistance programmes in the field of forecasting and response to extraordinary situations, and to the attenuation of the Chornobyl disaster consequences.

MAIN ACTIVITIES

The main activities carried out in 1998-2004

Development of legislative and scientific bases on prevention, response and liquidation of emergency consequences and Chornobyl accident consequences overcoming.

Ministry of Emergencies Report “Ukraine population and territories protection from emergencies. Annual report of the 1997” was prepared. Annual report of Ministry of Emergencies of Ukraine is a first attempt to generalize and systematize available national information of civil protection from emergencies of man-made and natural characters. In 1999 the similar report for 1998 was prepared.

To analyse measures efficiency concerning Chornobyl accident consequences overcoming, Ministry of Emergencies Report “Carrying out the National program of minimisation of consequences of Chornobyl catastrophe in 1997. Annual report” was prepared. The similar report for 1998 was prepared.

In 1998 the scientific background of Emergency Classification was developed and Emergency Classification Guide was prepared by TESEC. On the base of them Resolution of Cabinet of Ministers from July 15, 1998 №1099 Emergency Classification Guide was adopted and “Regulation of emergencies classification” was affirmed.

The scientific background was developed and Regulation about unified state system of prevention and response on technological and natural emergencies was prepared. On the base of them Resolution of Cabinet of Ministers from August 3, 1998 №1198 “About unified state system of prevention and response on technological and natural emergencies” was adopted and “Regulation about unified state system of prevention and response on technological and natural emergencies USS” was affirmed.

Conception of program of prevention and response on emergencies of technological and natural disasters in Ukraine on 1999-2002” was developed. In this conception basic aims and tasks of State program of USS creation were formulated.

Seminar Unified State System of Prevention and Response on Emergencies” was carried out on 10 - 11 November 1998 in Kyiv.

One of the main activities of TESEC in 1998 was carrying out training of Ministry of Ukraine of Emergencies and Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of Chornobyl Catastrophe stuff to the basis of computer science and main principals of using “MEP-Inform” in different situations.

TESEC specialists had carried out training of Ministry of Emergencies stuff to the computer science basis.

According to BISTRO TACIS project BIS/98/030/01 “Concept of the Chornobyl Catastrophe consequences Minimisation Program for 2000-2005” was elaborated.

During first stage of the project operation, the analysis of current situation due to consequences of the Chemobyl Catastrophe and effectiveness of the implemented countermeasures were performed. Under results of those analysis, the main priority areas of the accident consequence minimisation were establised. First edition of the report was presented to the Ukraine Parliament, Ukraine Cabinet of Ministries, Ministry of Ukraine of Emergencies and Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of Chornobyl Catastrophe, Ministry for Environmental Protection and Nuclear Safety of Ukraine, Ministry of Health Protection etc. Their remarks and suggestions were taking into account in the next editions of the report. Finally, after long-term activities and numbers of agreed meetings, the final report was developed. That report contains consensus assessment of the current situation, implemented countermeasures effectiveness and priority areas of the programme.

At the next stage of the project operation, taking into account current situations, effectiveness of the implemented countermeasures and economic capabilities of Ukraine, substantive tasks under each priority area were the developed. The concept of the programme defines the main requirements to the "Programme of Minimisation of the Consequences of the Chomobyl Accident for 2001-2005 years and till 2010". The leading scientists and experts, deputies of the Ukraine Parliament participated in that activity. The final version of the report on project “Definition of the Priority Areas of the programme of Minimisation of the Consequences of the Chemobyl Accident and the Development of the Long-Term Concept of the Programme (2000 - 2005)” have been considered at a seminar.

On this basis’ National Program of the Chornobyl Catastrophe Consequences Minimisation for period 2000-2005 and up to 2010’ have been elaborated and approved by Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine September 26, 2001.

In accordance with the order of Council of Europe Cabinet of Ministers the report “Risk Assessment of the Consequences of the Chornobyl Accident and Counter Measure Efficiency" was prepared.

The activities were carried out according to the Item 9.2 Decisions of 652nd meeting – 15 December 1998 of the Committee of Ministers: ASSISTANCE TO VICTIMS OF THE CHERNOBYL DISASTER (CM/Del/Dec(98)641/9.8, 645/9.3, CM(98)201, GR-E(98)10) under order EUR-OPA Major Hazards Partial Agreement.

According to the order of Minister №33p from 6.05.2000, the International seminar “Legislation basis of emergency response. National Response Planning on Nuclear and Radiation Accidents." had been carried out on 11-12 May, 2000. Specialists from IAEA, Ministry of Emergencies, Ministry of Fuel end Energy, National Atomic Energy Generating Company, NPPs Exploitation Support Institute, State Emergency Technical Centre, Ministry of Environment, Rivne, Khmelnytskiy, Zaporizhia, Pivdenno-Ukrains’k, Chornobyl NPPs as well as representatives from Ministry of Emergency departments in Kyiv, Rivne, Mykolaiv, Zaporizhia and Khmel’nytskiy regions had participated in the Workshop.

The International conference “Fifteen Years after the Chornobyl Accident. Lessons Learned"

on April 18-20, 2001 in Kyiv, Ukraine has been carried out .

The world community of scientists and experts, representatives of Ukraine, Belarus and Russian Federation and intergovernmental organizations met to discuss the environmental, medical and social consequences of the Chornobyl accident, the effectiveness of countermeasures that have been implemented.

517 participants from 17 countries of the world and representatives of 12 embassies in Ukraine had participated in the Conference. Among the participants of the Conference: UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Mr. Kenzo Oshima, Vice-Premier Minister of Republic Belarus Mr. G.V. Novitskiy and Minister of Emergency Mr. V.P. Astapov, Deputy Minister of Russian Federation in Affairs of Civil Protection, Emergencies and Liquidation of Disaster Consequences Mrs. Gerasimova N.V., Head of Delegation of the European Commission in Ukraine Mr. Andre Vanhaeverbeke, IAEA Deputy Director General Mr. Zigmund Domaratzki, Executive Secretary of Council of Europe Open Partial Agreement Mr. Jean-Pierre Massue, UN representative in Ukraine Mr. Duglas Gardner, representatives of President of Ukraine Administration, Supreme Rada of Ukraine, members of Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, other official persons and heads of public associations of Ukraine.

At the plenary meeting on April 18, statements from Ukraine, Belarus and Russia, the United Nations Organization, European Commission, Council of Europe, International Atomic Energy Agency have been presented.

National reports were presented by representatives of Republic Belarus, Russian Federation, Ukraine.

Reports devoted to problems related with Chornobyl NPP accident consequences were presented by IAEA Deputy Director General Mr. Zigmund Domaratzki, Executive Secretary of Council of Europe Open Partial Agreement Mr. Jean-Pierre Massue, Coordinator of UN Chornobyl programs in Ukraine Mr. Dushan Zupka, representative of European Commission Mr. Hans Forsstrum.

Conference met his main goal and developed the common vision of the international scientific community with regard to the ecological, medical and social consequences of the disaster and drawn conclusions and recommendations to use them in decision making on further mitigation the effects of the Chornobyl catastrophe, prevention of nuclear and radiation accidents

According to the protocol №5 of meeting of the Council of Founders of European Centre of Technological Safety (TESEC), the International Unit of Nuclear and Technological Disaster Consequences Response Monitoring (IUDM) was created within the TESEC structure in 2002.

Following the Decree of Ministry of Ukraine of Emergencies and Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of Chornobyl Catastrophe 09.01.2002 the REGULATION "On Provision of International Monitoring of Disasters Consequences" has been developed and executed.

Analytical study of national regulation on emergency management has been carried out in 2002-2003.

Education and research activities

Annually 1997-2004 TESEC carries out International Summer Schools “Post-accidental Radiation Monitoring Techniques”.

These Summer School are organized to provide training and experience in:

·         techniques of post-accidental radiation monitoring;

·         accidental dose assessment;

·         decision making in the case of nuclear or radiological accidents.

The Chornobyl accident has provided a unique opportunity for research and training on emergency response and post-accidental radiation monitoring. It is one of only a few places in the world where effective training and experience in internal and external dose assessment, sample collection and preparation, contamination mapping and decision making can be provided in real highly contaminated area. It is important to expand such experience for development of post-accident radiation monitoring techniques and decision making in a case of nuclear or radiation accident.

The curriculum is designed for emergency workers, decision-makers, graduate students, university faculty, and scientist interested in emergency preparedness and response, radiation protection and risk assessment.

The curriculum includes:

·         classroom instruction;

·         field training;

·         exercises in high contaminated areas of the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone.

International Summer Schools have been participated by the representatives from Austria, USA, Kenya, Brazil, Canada, Kosovo, Hungary, Italy, Slovenia and Ukraine.

IAEA Regional Train-the-Trainers Workshops on Monitoring Strategies and Procedures were carried out jointly with International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on the TESEC training facility during July, 12-17, 1999 in English and July, 19-24, 1999 in Russian. Workshop duration is 6 days. Field exercises were carried out inside Exclusion Zone. Totally, 41 people have been participated Workshops.

This Workshop was organised for countries participating in the Regional Technical Co-operation Project Harmonisation of National Nuclear Emergency Preparedness. English Workshop have been participated by the representatives from Albania, Armenia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia Turkey and Ukraine. Russian language Workshop have been participated by the representatives from Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Moldova, Russia, Slovak Republic and Ukraine.

The activities were carried out in a framework of regional IAEA project RER/9/050 "Harmonisation of National Nuclear Emergency Preparedness", in accordance to the order of Minister of Emergencies № 152 from 26.05.99 and order of Cabinet of Ministers № 6658/29 from 29.03.99.

Mobile Radiological Laboratories Intercomparison Measurements MORAL-12 were carried out by European Centre of Technogenic Safety (Kyiv, Ukraine) and Institute "Josef Stefan" (Ljubljana, Slovenia) under auspices of IAEA during period from September 13 to September 18, 1999. Field exercises were carried out inside Exclusion Zone. There are 75 people have been participated this Workshop. Totally, there are 19 Mobile Laboratory Teams and 24 Mobile Laboratory Units were participated Workshop activities.

Mobile laboratory teams from Czech Republic, Slovenia, Austria, Slovak Republic, Switzerland, Germany, Hungary, France, Ukraine and IAEA.

In 1999 –2003 the Methods and Procedures for Post-accident Radiation Monitoring have been developed.

These are field sampling methods, laboratory gamma spectrometry and in-situ gamma spectrometry methods, gross alpha and beta measurement methods and radiation protection of emergency workers. All necessary equipment was determined for each of them and methods of quality control for each type of equipment were described. Elaboration of the basic statistic data evaluation methods was the last step of post-accident monitoring methods elaboration.

These methods and procedures were tested and implemented in real conditions in Chornobyl exclusion zone during carrying out of Seventh International Summer School on Post-Accident Radiation Monitoring Techniques (September, 2001).

In 2002 the International Association for the Promotions and Co-operation with Scientists from the New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union, Brussels (INTAS), Belgium has supported annual summer school.

International Seminar On Comparative Analysis of Legislation on Risks Management on Hazardous Establishments

International Seminar On Comparative Analysis of Legislation on Risks Management on Hazardous Establishments has been convened on implementation of Resolution on Euro-Mediterranean Synergy approved by Ministers of the Member-States of the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement at their Session on 2-4, October, 2002 (island of Bandol, France), and following the Conclusion of the Meeting of Directors of specialized Centres of the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement (Paris, France, 20-21, January, 2003).

In concordance with the program of the Seminar the following presentations were made:

·         Comparative Analysis of Legislation on Industrial Accidents Management (Speaker: Mr. V.Poyarkov);

·         Legislation of Azerbaijan on Industrial Accidents Management (Speaker: Mr.G.Babaev);

·         Legislation of Armenia on Industrial Accidents Management (Speaker: Mr.S.Badalyan);

·         Legislation of Moldova on Industrial Accidents Management (Speaker: Mr.A.Bantus);

·         Legislations of States - Participants of the Commonwealth of Independent States in the Field of Safety Provision under Emergencies (Speaker: Mr.I.Korneychuk).

·         Structure of Ukrainian Legislation on Prevention and Response in Case of Emergencies of Technological Character (Speaker: Mrs. M.Kushnir, the Ministry of Ukraine of Emergencies and Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of Chernobyl Catastrophe);

·         Comparative Analysis of Seveso-II Directives and the Ukrainian Legislation of Industrial Disasters Management (Speaker: Mr.I.Obodovskyy, All-Ukrainian Research Institute of Civil Protection of Population and Territories against Emergencies of Technological and Natural Character, the Ministry of Ukraine of Emergencies and Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of Chernobyl Catastrophe);

Conclusion of Seminar

1. Taking into account UN Convention on Industrial Accident Transboundary Effects, UN Convention on Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment, the Kiev Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment, Resolution on Euro-Mediterranean Synergy, participants of the Seminar support proposals of Ukraine on unification of:

·         Procedures of information exchange about hazardous industrial establishments in the context of transboundary impact;

·         Methods of assessment of risks and forecasts of possible transboundary effects of industrial accidents based on comparative analysis of national legislations and the SEVESO-II European Union Directive.

2. With the aim of realization of proposals outlined in p. 1 of this Conclusion, the participants of the Seminar suggest to establish a working group of representatives of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia (if agrees), Moldova, Russia and Ukraine for preparation of proposals on an international project including the following main components:

·         Comparative analysis of national legislations on industrial accidents management and the SEVESO-II Directive;

·         Preparation of proposals to governments on unification of procedures of information exchange about hazardous industrial establishments in the context of transboundary effects, methods of assessments of risks and forecasts of possible transboundary effects of industrial accidents;

·         Development of abovementioned unified procedures and methods.

3. Participants of the Seminar have discussed problems of regional collaboration and consider regular convening of meetings on regional collaboration within the framework of the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement as extremely efficient.

Participants of the Seminar have learned with great interest information about comparative analysis and harmonization of legislations of the CIS countries in the field of emergencies risk management being accomplished by the Intergovernmental Council of the CIS Countries on Emergencies Management during last 4 years. They consider it as useful one for work accomplished by EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement on legislation comparative analysis in the field of natural and technological disaster management.

4. Participants of the Seminar consider establishment of regional (training in Russian) training centre for advanced training of specialists on international legislative regulation in the field of emergencies management as extremely useful.

5. Participants of the Seminar consider a regional meeting as an efficient tool for development of programs for diminishing of transboundary risks.

6. Participants of the Seminar wouldlike to ask the Secretariat of the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement for assistance in realization of proposals made by the Seminar.

The international workshop on the strengthening of international co-operation with using of Chernobyl experimental sites (polygons) have been carried out in 2003.

Participants in the workshop were:

·         leaders of Ministry of Ukraine of Emergencies and Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of Chernobyl Catastrophe ,

·         representative of the European Commission,

·         scientists from the Institute for Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety
(IRSN, France,

·         scientists from the Institute of Reactor Safety (GRS), Germany,

·         key Ukrainian scientists.

Workshop conclusion

·         The participants of the workshop agreed on the interest to continue international co-operation using Chernobyl experimental sites (polygons). The results of this co-operation have to be beneficial for the radiation protection of the Ukrainian population and useful for the international scientific community.

·         The participants have drawn up a list of PROPOSAL FOR PROJECTS of Franco-German-Ukrainian co-operation in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (attached), which will be presented to French, German, and Ukrainian officials for opinion, and European Commission for information.

·         The participants apply to the European Commission, National Authorities and International organization for funding of the presented PROPOSAL FOR PROJECTS of Franco-German-Ukrainian co-operation in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone.

Analytical report "Effects on the environment and on the civil population by the stocking of chemical weapons and recommendation for measures for protection against these risks"

The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe in the Recommendation 1571 (2002) "REDUCING ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS BY DESTROYING CHEMICAL WEAPONS" underlines the threat posed by stockpiles of old chemical weapons and by unexploded munitions abandoned in all war zones.

The deliberate or accidental release of toxic combat substances into the biosphere would have tragic consequences both for human life and health and for the environment.

The major concern is about possible damage to the marine environment and to the food chain resulting from chemical weapons (CW) have been dumped at sea, especially those dumped in the North Sea and the Baltic at or after the end of the World War II.

The Assembly recommends that the Committee of Ministers include in its work programme, in particular in the work programme of the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement, the monitoring of issues relating to the environmental consequences of stockpiling chemical weapons.

The Committee of Permanent Correspondents of EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement instructed its European Centre of Technological Safety (TESEC) to prepare a report on how the environment is affected by the stocks of chemical weapons and the measures to be drawn up to protect the civil population against these risks.

The report has been prepared in 2003 by an international team of experts

The report have been presented on the MEETING OF THE COMMITTEE OF PERMANENT CORRESPONDENTS (Paris, Council of Europe Office 21-22 October 2003)

Publications

1.       School of Civil Protection Handbook, Z. Milutinovic, J.-P. Massue, V. Poyarkov, EUR-OPA MHA &IOM, Strasbourg-Geneva, 2001.

2.      Assessment of the risk entailed by the consequences of the 1986 Chernobyl accident and the effectiveness of countermeasures. AP/CAT (99) 66 rev, Kyiv, 1999.

3.      Comprehensive Risk Assessment of the Consequences of the  Chernobyl Accident, Kiev, 1999

conferences

See main activities

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