The main activities
carried out in 1998-2011
Development of legislative and
scientific bases on emergency prevention, response and relief and Chernobyl
accident consequences overcome
Ministry of Emergencies Report “Ukraine
population and territories protection from emergencies. Annual report of the
Annual report of Ministry of Emergencies of Ukraine was a first attempt
to generalize and systematize available national information of civil
protection from emergencies of man-made and natural characters. In 1999 the
similar report for 1998 was prepared.
measures efficiency concerning Chernobyl accident consequences overcoming,
Ministry of Emergencies Report “Carrying out the National program of
minimization of consequences of Chernobyl catastrophe in 1997. Annual report”
first time in Ministry history was prepared. Similar report for 1998 was
prepared in 1999.
In 1998 the
scientific background of Emergency Classification was developed and
Emergency Classification Guide was prepared by TESEC. On the base of
the Resolution of Cabinet of Ministers from July 15, 1998 №1099 Emergency
Classification Guide was adopted and “Regulation of emergencies
classification” was affirmed.
background was developed and Regulation about unified state system of
prevention and response on technological and natural emergencies
prepared. On the base of the Resolution of Cabinet of Ministers from August
3, 1998 №1198 “About unified state system of prevention and response on
technological and natural emergencies” was adopted and “Regulation about
unified state system of prevention and response on technological and natural
emergencies USS” was affirmed.
of program of prevention and response on emergencies of technological and
natural disasters in Ukraine on 1999-2002” was developed. In this
conception basic aims and tasks of State program of USS creation were
“Unified State System of Prevention and Response on Emergencies” was
carried out on 10 - 11 November 1998 in Kyiv.
BISTRO TACIS project BIS/98/030/01 “Concept
of the Chernobyl Catastrophe consequences Minimization Program for
2000-2005” was elaborated.
stage of the project operation, the analysis of current situation due to
consequences of the Chernobyl Catastrophe and effectiveness of the
implemented countermeasures were performed. Under results of that analysis,
the main priority areas of the accident consequence minimization were
At the next
stage of the project operation, taking into account current situations,
effectiveness of the implemented countermeasures and economic capabilities
of Ukraine, substantive tasks under each priority area were the developed.
The concept of the programme defines the main requirements to the
"Programme of Minimization of the Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident for
2001-2005 years and till 2010". The leading scientists and experts,
members of the Ukraine Parliament participated in that activity. The final
version of the report on project “Definition of the Priority Areas of the
programme of Minimization of the Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident and
the Development of the Long-Term Concept of the Programme (2000 - 2005)”
have been considered at a seminar.
with the order of Council of Europe Cabinet of Ministers the report
“Risk Assessment of the Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident and Counter
Measure Efficiency" was prepared.
were carried out according to the Item 9.2 Decisions of 652nd meeting – 15
December 1998 of the Committee of Ministers: ASSISTANCE TO VICTIMS OF THE
CHERNOBYL DISASTER (CM/Del/Dec(98)641/9.8, 645/9.3, CM(98)201, GR-E(98)10)
under order EUR-OPA Major Hazards Partial Agreement.
the order of Minister №33p from 6.05.2000, the International seminar
“Legislation basis of emergency response. National Response Planning on
Nuclear and Radiation Accidents." had been carried out on 11-12 May,
2000. Specialists from IAEA, Ministry of Emergencies, Ministry of Fuel end
Energy, National Atomic Energy Generating Company, NPPs Exploitation Support
Institute, State Emergency Technical Centre, Ministry of Environment, Rivne,
Khmelnytskiy, Zaporizhia, Pivdenno-Ukrains’k, Chornobyl NPPs as well as
representatives from Ministry of Emergency departments in Kyiv, Rivne,
Mykolaiv, Zaporizhia and Khmel’nytskiy regions had participated in the
International conference “Fifteen Years after the Chornobyl Accident.
Lessons Learned" on April 18-20, 2001 in Kyiv, Ukraine has been carried
community of scientists and experts, representatives of Ukraine, Belarus and
Russian Federation and intergovernmental organizations met to discuss the
environmental, medical and social consequences of the Chernobyl accident,
the effectiveness of countermeasures that have been implemented. 517
participants from 17 countries of the world and representatives of 12
embassies in Ukraine had participated in the Conference. Among the
participants of the Conference: UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian
Affairs Mr. Kenzo Oshima, Vice-Premier Minister of Republic Belarus Mr. G.V.
Novitskiy and other official persons.
met his main goal and developed the common vision of the international
scientific community with regard to the ecological, medical and social
consequences of the disaster and drawn conclusions and recommendations to
use them in decision making on further mitigation the effects of the
Chernobyl catastrophe, prevention of nuclear and radiation accidents
the Ukrainian legislation on industrial, agricultural and military waste
management has been made in 2005. The integration of Ukraine to European
Union, maintenance of transition of Ukraine to sustainable development is
referred as a priority of state policy of Ukraine and is stipulated by the
Plan of actions Ukraine - EU.
With that aim the Ministry of Environment of Ukraine jointly with TESEC
carried out in September 6-7, 2005 the conference on “Ecological
aspects of sustainable development of Ukraine”.
2006 is the 20th anniversary of the Chernobyl accident. The
International Conference "Twenty Years after Chernobyl accident. Future
Outlook” on April 24-26, 2006 was carried out.
accident resulted in many changes, not only in Ukraine, Belarus and Russia,
but around the whole world. International standards on radiation protection,
national strategies on the development of nuclear power, strengthening of
nuclear safety and radioactive waste management have been revised. Twenty
years after the accident is a good time for the international community to
review and discuss these issues.
Conference activity took part the President of Ukraine V.Yushenko, other
well-known politics, scientists and experts from 25 countries of the world:
Austria, Armenia, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Brazil, China, Cuba, Great
Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Italy, Kazakhstan, Korea, Norway, Poland,
Russia, USA, France, Switzerland, Sweden, Japan and known international
organizations: European Commission, International Atomic Energy Agency,
World Health Organisation, UN Development Program, and Council of Europe.
In whole in
the conference have taken part more than 900 politics, scientists and
experts. It is more than 200 journalists from leading information agencies
of the world lighting the conference.
April 26, 2011
marks 25 anniversary of the Chernobyl accident. In many countries nuclear
technology is seen as one of the increasingly important solutions for
meeting rising energy demands, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, mitigating
climate change, counterbalancing fluctuating prices of fossil energy
sources. At the same time the Chernobyl’s legacy should be carefully taken
How to use
Chernobyl lessons for the safety of nuclear power and other hazardous
technologies, to protect people and the environment from emergency - this is
the main objective of the International conference "Twenty-five Years
after Chernobyl Accident. Safety for the Future ", Kyiv, April
20-22, 2011. 725
participants from 43 countries took a part in conference.
International Seminar On Comparative Analysis of Legislation on Risks
Management on Hazardous Establishments
has been convened on implementation of Resolution on Euro-Mediterranean
Synergy approved by Ministers of the Member-States of the EUR-OPA Major
Hazards Agreement at their Session on 2-4, October, 2002 (island of Bandol,
France), and following the Conclusion of the Meeting of Directors of
specialized Centres of the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement (Paris, France,
20-21, January, 2003).
of the Seminar have learned with great interest information about
comparative analysis and harmonization of legislations of the CIS countries
in the field of emergencies risk management being accomplished by the
Intergovernmental Council of the CIS Countries on Emergencies Management
during last 4 years. They consider it as useful one for work accomplished by
EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement on legislation comparative analysis in the
field of natural and technological disaster management.
international workshop on the strengthening of international co-operation
with using of Chernobyl experimental sites (polygons)
have been carried out in 2003.
in the workshop were: leaders of Ministry of Ukraine of Emergencies and
Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of Chernobyl
Catastrophe , representative of the European Commission, scientists from the
Institute for Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN), France, scientists
from the Institute of Reactor Safety (GRS), Germany, key Ukrainian
scientists. The participants of the workshop agreed on the interest to
continue international co-operation using Chernobyl experimental sites
(polygons). The results of this co-operation have to be beneficial for the
radiation protection of the Ukrainian population and useful for the
international scientific community.
Analytical report "Effects on the environment and on the civil population by
the stocking of chemical weapons and recommendation for measures for
protection against these risks”
has been developed in 2003. The
Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe in the Recommendation 1571
(2002) "Reducing environmental risks by destroying chemical weapons"
underlines the threat posed by stockpiles of old chemical weapons and by
unexploded munitions abandoned in all war zones.
recommends that the Committee of Ministers include in its work programme, in
particular in the work programme of the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement, the
monitoring of issues relating to the environmental consequences of
stockpiling chemical weapons. The Committee of Permanent Correspondents of
EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement instructed its European Centre of
Technological Safety (TESEC) to prepare a report on how the environment is
affected by the stocks of chemical weapons and the measures to be drawn up
to protect the civil population against these risks.
has been prepared by an international team of experts and presented on the
meeting of the committee of permanent correspondents (Paris, Council of
Europe Office 21-22 October 2003)
international workshop “Public authorities and civil society together
for a safe European nuclear future: learning from the Chernobyl legacy to
make European nuclear energy safer: the role of local communities,
authorities and central governments in emergency preparedness and
management” was held in Kiev, Ukraine 22-23 September, 2008.
The main aim
of the Workshop was to define priorities and tools for better emergency
preparedness of populations living in the areas that might be affected by an
accident at a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). This should be done by
disseminating best European practices on emergency planning; co-operation
between the state, local authorities and NPP operators; early warning
procedures; iodine prophylaxis and other protective actions.
Group Meeting “To foster better radiological protection and
information for populations living in areas that might be affected in the
case of an nuclear or radiation accident” was held in Kiev, Ukraine
2-4 September, 2009.
The main aim
was establishing a Euro-Mediterranean Network to foster better radiological
protection and information for populations living in areas that might be
affected in the case of an accident at a Nuclear Power Plant or any other
nuclear facilities through dissemination of best European experience on
emergency planning, early warning procedures, iodine prophylaxis and other
elements of radiological protection. The purpose of Task Force Group (TFG)
meeting was developing basis for co-operation with Group of Local
Authorities with Nuclear Facilities in Europe (GMF), Spanish Group of Mayors
in Municipalities with Nuclear Facilities (AMAC) and Association of Swedish
Local Authorities with Nuclear Facilities (KSO).
and Task forth group meeting 2009 defined priorities and tools for better
emergency preparedness of populations living in the areas that might be
affected by an accident at a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). This should be done
by disseminating best European practices on emergency planning; co-operation
between the state, local authorities and NPP operators; early warning
procedures; iodine prophylaxis and other protective actions.
perception of Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear accidents clear demonstrated
tremendous inefficient informing of people on radiation hazards corresponded
to radionuclides releases. The exposure doses in the Europe from iodine-131
of Fukushima release were less than 0.001 of exposure from natural
radioniclides, like radon or potassium-41. But iodine-131 initiated a high
fear of general public in many European cities. In the cases of nuclear
accident many people do not trust to official information of national
authorities or experts on radiological risk assessment. This fact clear
revealed that there is only one way to provide for people trustful
information about nuclear hazard – to give them basic knowledge on
radiological hazard and build their own capability for risk assessment.
Europe and UNESCO in 2011 initiated project: developing book “Nuclear
Hazard, Basic Knowledge: lessons Chernobyl and Fukushima”.
This book is
response to nuclear hazard – providing better information and protection for
people. The aim of this book is very ambitious – to present basic knowledge
on nuclear hazard acceptable and interesting for different groups of people:
journalists, decision makers, students, schoolboys and others. In 2011TESEC
developed first draft of book, which have been distributed to international
and Research activities
Annually 1997-2011 TESEC
carries out International Summer Schools “Post-accidental Radiation
These Summer School are
organized to provide training and experience in: techniques of post-accidental
radiation monitoring; accidental
dose assessment; decision making in the case of nuclear or radiological
The Chernobyl accident has
provided a unique opportunity for research and training on emergency
response and post-accidental radiation monitoring. It is one of only a few
places in the world where effective training and experience in internal and
external dose assessment, sample collection and preparation, contamination
mapping and decision making can be provided in real highly contaminated
area. It is important to expand such experience for development of
post-accident radiation monitoring techniques and decision making in a case
of nuclear or radiation accident.
The curriculum is designed for
emergency workers, decision-makers, graduate students, university faculty,
and scientist interested in emergency preparedness and response, radiation
protection and risk assessment.
International Summer Schools has
been participate by the representatives from Austria, Bulgaria, Brazil,
Canada, Japan, France, Russia, Kosovo, Hungary, Italy, Slovenia, USA and
other countries. In 2002
the International Association for the Promotions and Co-operation with
Scientists from the New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union,
Brussels (INTAS), Belgium has supported annual summer school.
Train-the-Trainers Workshops on Monitoring Strategies and Procedures
were carried out jointly with International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on
the TESEC training facility during July, 12-17, 1999 in English and July,
19-24, 1999 in Russian. Workshop duration is 6 days. Field exercises were
carried out inside Exclusion Zone.
Radiological Laboratories Intercomparison Measurements MORAL-12 were carried out by European Centre of Technological Safety (Kyiv,
Ukraine) and Institute "Josef Stefan" (Ljubljana, Slovenia) under auspices
of IAEA during period from September 13 to September 18, 1999. Field
exercises were carried out inside Exclusion Zone. There are 75 people have
been participated this Workshop. Totally, there are 19 Mobile Laboratory
Teams and 24 Mobile Laboratory Units were participated Workshop activities.
Mobile laboratory teams
from Czech Republic, Slovenia, Austria, Slovak Republic, Switzerland,
Germany, Hungary, France, Ukraine and IAEA.
In 1999 –2003 the
Methods and Procedures for Post-accident Radiation Monitoring has
been developed and tested.
These are field sampling
methods, laboratory gamma spectrometry and in-situ gamma spectrometry
methods, gross alpha and beta measurement methods and radiation protection
of emergency workers. All necessary equipment was determined for each of
them and methods of quality control for each type of equipment were
described. Elaboration of the basic statistic data evaluation methods was
the last step of post-accident monitoring methods elaboration.
These methods and procedures
were tested and implemented in real conditions in Chernobyl exclusion zone
during carrying out of Seventh International Summer School on Post-Accident
Radiation Monitoring Techniques (September, 2001).