Culture, Heritage and Diversity

European Diploma for Protected Areas: Awarded Areas in Germany

Bayerischer Wald National Park

On the border between Germany and Czech Republic, on the southern side of the granite and gneiss bedrock of the Šumava mountains, lies the largest contiguous woodland scenery in Central Europe of which the highest point is Rachel peak (1453 m). It comprises forests close to natural state, peatlands, water courses and secondary grasslands. The main intention of this National Park is to retain an extensively forested, characteristically Central European low mountain range, with its native animal and plant communities, in particular their natural and nearly-natural forest eco-systems, to maintain the effectiveness of the natural environmental energy and the undisturbed dynamics of its community of life.

For information:
Nationalparkverwaltung Bayerischer Wald
Freyungerstr. 2
D-94481 Grafenau

EUNIS factsheet

Berchtesgaden National Park

The park is situated in south-eastern Bavaria about 35 km south of Salzburg and 125 km south-east of Munich. It follows the border with Austria on all sides except the north. It is noted for the exceptional quality of its landscapes, the richness of its flora and fauna and the diversity of its natural sites, ranging in altitude from 603 to 2713 m.

For information:
Berchtesgaden Nationalparkverwaltung
Doktorberg 6
D-8240 Berchtesgaden

EUNIS factsheet

Lüneburger Heath Nature Reserve

The Nature Reserve "Lüneburger Heide" contains the largest remaining historical heathland areas in Central Europe, a relict of a former widespread landscape developed by heathland farming ("Heidebauernwirtschaft") especially in the middle ages. The origin of this manmade landscape is the use from Bronze Age on. The heathland is characterised by its wide and open savannah-like occurance in connection with several biocoenosis adapted to these special conditions. Besides, there exist some bogs of different types, old forests and brooks which mostly are only little influenced by man. A huge area was afforested with pines during the last decades of the 19th century.

For information:
Verein Naturschutzpark Niederhaverbeck
D-29646 Bispingen

EUNIS factsheet

Siebengebirge Nature Reserve

The strikung scenery with wooded hilltops in this area close to Bonn, Königswinter and Bad Honef is the result of volcanic activity and erosion. The Siebengebirge can be described as the ruins of different volcanic eruptions. The present 300 - 460 m summits consist of solid rock from which the tuff ashes were removed by erosion. Much of the reserve comprises beechwood communities with xerothermal features characteristic of oakwood with hornbeam. Since 2010 - basing on the 2009 resolution of the European Parliament on wildernis areas in Europe - part of the reserve is the first official wildernis area in North-Rhine-Westphalia outside national parks.

For information:
Verschönerungsverein für das Siebengebirge-VVS
Löwenburger Str. 409
D - 53639 Königswinter-Margarethenhöhe

EUNIS factsheet

Germano-Luxembourg Nature Park

Western Europe's first-ever transfrontier nature park is a vast area of natural and farmed landscape little disturbed by civilisation and appreciated by holidaymakers; it lies on both sides of the border rivers Our and Sauer. There are numerous items of natural and cultural interest: typical Ardennes landscapes with high plateaux and deep ravines; and to the south a charateristically hilly Lorraine landscape with attractive natural streams. 42.610 ha are situated in Germany and 38.880 ha in Luxemburg.

For information:
Vereinigung Deutsch-Luxemburgischer Naturpark
D-5521 Irrel

EUNIS factsheet

Weltenburger Enge Nature Reserve

Weltenburger Enge is a gorge about 6 km in length, one of the most beautiful and striking landscapes of the upper Danube; it crosses one of the foothills of the Swabian and Franconian Jura 20 km south-west of Regensburg. It features 100m high rock faces and geological strata of considerable palaeontological interest, with reef facies. There are numerous important archaeological and historico-cultural remains

For information:
Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Landesentwicklung und Umweltfragen
Case postale 810140
D-81901 Munich

Landratsamt Kelheim
Schlossweg 3
D-93309 Kelheim

EUNIS factsheet

Wollmatinger Ried-Untersee-Gnadensee Nature Reserve

Second only to the Rhine delta, Wollmatinger Ried is one of the principal wetlands on Lake Constance with numerous endangered plant species; in the autumn and spring it is a very important area for waterfowl. The reserve forms a unit comprising the Ermatinger Becken, the Hegne Bucht, and two small islands.

For information:
Wollmatinger Ried
Kindlebildstr. 87
D-78479 Reichenau
Tel.: +49 (0)75 31/78870
Fax: +49 (0)75 31/72383

EUNIS factsheet

Wurzacher Ried Nature Reserve

Wurzacher Ried is an area of extensive moorland in which mires of every type are perfectly preserved. It is the largest intact raised bog of Central Europe, an exemplary relic of the early landscape that developed after the last ice age. It is situated in the Land of Baden-Württemberg in Upper Swabia (Oberschwaben).

For information:
Regierungspräsidium Tübingen
Höhere Naturschutzbehörde
Konrad-Adenauer-Straße 20
D-72072 Tübingen

Bad Wurzach
Rosengarten 1
D-88410 Bad Wurzach

EUNIS factsheet

Useful links