The European Landscape Convention of the Council of Europe promotes the protection, management and planning of the landscapes and organises international co-operation on landscape issues.

Introduction Introduction

Photo: Jean-François Seguin

The European Landscape Convention was adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 19 July 2000 in Strasbourg and opened for signature of the Member States of the Organisation in Florence (Italy) on 20 October 2000, with the aims to promote landscape protection, management and planning, and to organise international co-operation. It is the first international treaty to be exclusively devoted to all aspects of landscape. It is the first international treaty exclusively dedicated to all dimensions of landscape: environmental, social, cultural and economic.

The Convention applies to the entire territory of the Parties and concerns both remarkable and everyday landscapes and degraded landscapes. It makes an important contribution to the implementation of the Council of Europe’s objectives in the field of democracy, human rights and the rule of law, and to the search for solutions to major societal issues.

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Photo: Ignacio Español Echániz

Landscape and transfrontier cooperation

The first aim of the European Landscape Convention is to encourage States to introduce a national landscape policy that is not restricted to the protection of exceptional landscapes but also takes everyday landscapes into consideration. It further aims, through transfrontier cooperation, to create a genuine impetus to reinforce the presence of the landscape as a value to be shared by different cultures. The intention is thus to promote the integration of the landscape dimension in international relations, at national, regional and local levels.