Culture, Heritage and Diversity

Ljubljana Process : Rehabilitating our Common Heritage


The Ljubljana Process: Rehabilitating our Common Heritage built upon and developed the Council of Europe / European Union Joint Programme (DG-EAC and DG-ELARG, IPA Multi beneficiary Programme), the Integrated Rehabilitation Projects Plan/Survey of the Architectural and Archaeological Heritage (IRPP/SAAH) as part of the Council of Europe’s “Regional Programme for Cultural and Natural Heritage in South-East Europe” (Component B) from 2003 to 2014.


Through actions on more than 220 monuments and sites, the Ljubljana Process has brought considerable benefits to political, institutional, social and economic life in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, and Kosovo*.


From 2011, the Regional Cooperation Council (RCC) took over responsibility for overseeing the process (Ljubljana Process II) through the Task Force on Culture and Society (TFCS). The RCC enabled the political and financial sustainability of the permanent management structures.


The Ljubljana Process was developed in accordance with the spirit and letter of the Council of Europe Conventions of Granada (Architectural Heritage, 1985), Valletta (Archaeological Heritage, 1992), Florence (Landscape, 2000), and Faro (The Value of Cultural Heritage for Society, 2005), as well as in light of the Guiding Principles for Sustainable Spatial Development (Hanover, 2000), where the preservation, enhancement and rehabilitation of the landscape and the built environment are regarded as crucial to social and economic development. The Ljubljana Process mobilised and assisted cross-sector institutions and social stakeholders to develop monument- and site- rehabilitation projects so that they connect closely with their social and economic environments in order to secure external funding and investment.


The two major issues at stake were:

a. that historic places should be conserved to the highest standards;

b. that they are promoted in such a way as to maximise their contribution to the local economy without diminishing their cultural significance.


The rehabilitation projects help to realise the historic environment’s potential to contribute to economic development, increase employment, stimulate prosperity, and enhance the quality of life. The leading idea is that heritage objects are assets, part of the solution to economic development rather than an obstacle to it. The rehabilitation process is based on the “IRPP/SAAH methodology”, which established a set of conceptual guidelines designed to bring about tangible benefits, both for local communities and for the fragile historic environment itself.


The Ljubljana Process, as trialled in South East Europe, offers several opportunities for being continued, potentially in most of the member States by applying the methodology and the tools available.




South East Europe






"Heritage for development in South-East Europe – New visions and perceptions of heritage through the Ljubljana Process" (September 2014)