Culture, Heritage and Diversity


The MOSAIC Project (1998-2003) aimed to create a framework for exchanges and co-operation amongst countries in South-East Europe and to assist them in the transition of their cultural policies.


MOSAIC targets cultural policy makers and administrators at national, regional and local level, representatives of the cultural sector (practitioners, managers, researchers) and civil society.
Its main objectives were to:

    encourage a democratic and open approach to cultural policy and decision-making processes;
    advise decision makers in developing policies to cope with the challenges of democratic transition, and in maintaining cultural diversity;
    assist in reforming and implementing necessary legislation;
    encourage a multilateral approach in the co-ordination of policies, partnerships and networks;
    move towards a ‘regional’ multicultural policy and the development of intercultural skills.

Countries taking part

Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Moldova, Romania, Slovenia, "the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Serbia and Montenegro and UNMIK / Kosovo.


As a complement to the Ordinary Budget of the Council of Europe, activities have been carried out by means of voluntary contributions received from Andorra, Austria, Finland, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, the Flemish Community of Belgium.

Activities implemented

The different types of activities included:

    National debates
    Seminars and workshops at a national and at a multilateral level
    Sectorial reviews
    Advisory activities (consultations, workshops, hearings) to accompany
    legislative or regulatory reforms
    Training-related activities
    Publications, including the translation of Council of Europe policy notes in all the languages of the participating countries.

Multilateral activities tackled all the crucial issues to be dealt with by the Ministries at a central level:

    Privatisation of national institutions;
    Funding and sponsoring of culture;
    Working conditions of artists;
    Cultural Diversity;
    Cultural management and networks.

At a national level, the activities were organised according to the specific requests formulated by each of the participating countries.

Evaluation of the first phase of the project (1998 – 2001)

The first Phase of MOSAIC was evaluated at the end of 2001. This evaluation was based on the results of two evaluation seminars organised in Innsbruck and Amsterdam, as well as on the report of an external evaluator : Mr Peter Inkei from the Regional Observatory on Financing Culture in East Central Europe in Budapest.

From October 1998 to December 2001 a total of 69 activities were organised, involving 81 different international experts and gathering over 1000 participants. MOSAIC contributed to the elaboration of 15 legal texts, was the framework of 6 training activities and issued 14 publications on cultural policy, 3 of which were translated into all the languages of the participating countries.

Besides these directly measurable outcomes, MOSAIC also initiated and stimulated a number of positive effects, the first results of which begin to be visible: emergence of informal networks of decision-makers, administrators and cultural professionals in the region ; awareness-raising on new approaches to policy making and new forms of management ; circulation of information and of models of good-practice ; constitution of a pool of local experts ; etc.

The detailed results of the evaluation of MOSAIC I are available on this web site.

MOSAIC II (2002-2003)

During the evaluation meetings, the necessity to implement a follow-up to MOSAIC was underlined by the all participating countries, as well as by the international experts. Consequently, in January 2002 a second phase of the project entitled MOSAIC II was launched by the Cultural Policy and Action Department of the Council of Europe.

MOSAIC II aimed to complete the objectives of MOSAIC I in those countries whose cultural policy review had not yet been completed, or was completed very recently, and in those which joined MOSAIC I at a late stage (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Moldova, “the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, Serbia and Montenegro and UNMIK / Kosovo).


The implementation of MOSAIC II has greatly benefited from the experience gained by the participating countries and by the Secretariat during the three years of MOSAIC I. The 2002 programme was based on the specific requests made by the different countries, and its implementation relied on the pool of experts gradually built up since 1998, and which included an ever-increasing number of experts from Central and Eastern Europe. It is also to be noted that for many activities experience and expertise were transferred directly between the countries that participated in MOSAIC I (Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, Slovenia) and the countries participating in the second phase of the project. The advantage of this approach was twofold. In political terms it helped to strengthen again ties that had been loosened by recent history and to bolster the informal networks of professionals in the region. Technically speaking, geographical proximity and the fact that the country providing the expert input had themselve been through a process of reform and modernisation in recent times gave a keener insight into the difficulties faced by the country requesting assistance.

MOSAIC II covered a two-year period (2002-2003).

The detailed results of the evaluation of MOSAIC II are available on this web site

The calendars of the activities implemented in the framework of MOSAIC are available on this web site.