Observatory in the Media
“Fewer than half [of the Council of Europe member states that are members of the Observatory for History Teaching] explicitly mention the European dimension in their curricula”, says the Observatory’s first report, published on Thursday 30 November, entitled “Teaching History: Teaching Peace?”. “It is important to place the data and conclusions of this first report in the context of the current Russian aggression against Ukraine”, said Aurora Alincaï, the Observatory’s Director, who sees it as “a striking example of the danger of misinterpreting history based on the manipulation of historical accounts”.
The first report by the Observatory of History Teaching in Europe (OHTE) was released last week in connection with a conference in Strasbourg on “Teaching History: Teaching Peace”. The Observatory is linked to the Council of Europe (CoE) and was established in 2020. It has currently 16 member states.
At the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, the first report of the European Observatory for History Teaching, which includes Serbia, was presented, so our historian Ana Radaković also took part in the work.
At the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, the first report of the European Observatory for History Teaching, which includes Serbia, was presented, so our historian Ana Radaković also took part in the work. What is the goal of this body and what are the conclusions, our correspondent from Strasbourg Nataša Jokić reports for Magazin. (audio; 1:17:00)
A significant percentage of history teachers in Cyprus don’t see the benefit or don’t have time for training courses, say they are constrained by state-approved textbooks, rigid curriculums and too much focus on exam results to teach ‘outside the box’. The revelations came in the just-released, first-ever study on history teaching in Europe carried out by the Council of Europe’s Observatory on History Teaching in Europe (Ohte) in which 6,500 history teachers from 16 member-countries were interviewed.
The executive director of the History Teaching Observatory (OHTE) of the Council of Europe, Aurora Ailinchaj, said in Strasbourg that the manipulation of historical facts in teaching is used to undermine democracy. "The misuse and manipulation of historical facts in education is used in many parts of the world to undermine democratic processes or domestic democratic institutions," she told reporters at the presentation of a new report on history teaching in Europe.
Council of Europe: We would be happy to help in the creation of joint textbooks on the history of Serbia and neighboring countries
The executive director of the Observatory of History Teaching (OHTE) of the Council of Europe, Aurora Ailincaj, stated that the manipulation of historical facts in teaching is used to undermine democracy. "The misuse and manipulation of historical facts in education are used in many parts of the world to undermine democratic processes or domestic democratic institutions," she said at the presentation of a new report on history teaching in Europe.
- Article in RS (Serbian only)
324 / ccm.cat
The Observatory of History Teaching in Europe explains in a report what history teaching is like on the continent and studies recommendations for the future
A number of problems have been identified in the teaching of history in 16 European countries, including Portugal
The conclusions are contained in the first report from the Observatory of History Teaching in Europe. Teachers believe that lecturing in a classroom is not the most effective method, but it often ends up being the first option.
- Article in SIC Noticias (Portuguese only)
The Irish Times
A Council of Europe report provides the latest detailed picture of how history is being taught across 16 countries and covers themes such as the place of the subject in education systems, learning outcomes and how students are assessed. The Council’s Observatory on History Teaching in Europe notes that issues facing teachers in Ireland are shared across many other countries in Europe.
The first general report by the Council of Europe Observatory on History Teaching in Europe (OHTE) highlights teachers’ concerns that crowded curriculums and teaching pressures are the greatest obstacles to history teaching in Europe. Council of Europe Deputy Secretary General Bjørn Berge welcomed the observatory’s work as the latest innovation in Council of Europe standards to teach history in a way that equipped citizens with faith in their democracy and with the competences required to understand and defend their democratic culture.
Council of Europe Deputy Secretary General Bjørn Berge welcomed the work of the Observatory as the latest innovation in the Council of Europe's standards for teaching history in a way that gives citizens faith in their democracy and the competences needed to understand and defend their democratic culture. Teachers have expressed concern about the overabundance of educational resources available online and in print, and about the extent to which textbooks encourage critical thinking and represent different minorities and sensitive topics
- Article in Morel.Si (Slovenian only)
Once again, Russia's war of aggression against Ukraine is a case in point. For it "illustrates the dangers of exploiting history for political ends, of manipulating historical narratives in order to justify armed conflict", sums up Aurora Ailincai, Director of the Observatory for History Teaching in Europe (OHTE), created by the Council of Europe in 2020 under French impetus.
- Article in DNA (French only)
On November 30, the Council of Europe published the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe / OHTE General Report on the State of History Teaching in Europe. The report, the first of its kind, summarizes the trends in history teaching in 17 OHTE member countries, including Georgia.
Beta – Danas - Autonomija - Insajder
The executive director of the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe (OHTE) of the Council of Europe, Aurora Ailincaj, said today in Strasbourg that the manipulation of historical facts in teaching is used to undermine democracy.
- Article in Danas (Serbian only)
The Council of Europe identifies the main obstacle to teaching history in Spain: the numerous education laws.
The Council of Europe highlights the frequency of educational reforms as the main obstacle for teachers to teach the subject of history in Spain. This is reflected in the first general report on the state of history teaching in Europe by the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe (OHTE).
- Article in Europa Press (Spanish only)
The first general report of the Council of Europe's Observatory on History Teaching in Europe (Ohte), published today in Strasbourg, highlights teachers' concerns that limited time devoted to the subject, overloaded curricula and "pressures on teaching" are the biggest obstacles to teaching history in Europe.
- Article in AgenSIR (Italian only)
The Council of Europe has released a report which examines the way history is taught across seventeen European countries, including our own. The way subjects are taught in Ireland can often be a topic of debate so let's see how Ireland fared. Kieran was joined by Journalist and Historian, Ronan McGreevy and Aodhan Ó Riordain, Labour Party TD and Education Spokesperson...
What history are European pupils learning? According to a report by a group of Council of Europe experts unveiled on Thursday, history teachers say they lack the time and in-service training they need to do their job properly.
- Article in Le Progrès (French only)
Overloading of curricula, limited hours and pressures, according to teachers, are the biggest obstacles in teaching history in Europe
The report of the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe reveals the biggest obstacles in teaching history in Europe with overloaded curricula, limited time and teaching pressures. The most frequently used sources of education are still textbooks, teacher's notes and online historical content of school districts, least of all video games.
- Article in STA (Slovenian only)
History teachers in 16 European countries, including Portugal, believe that memorising historical facts and dates is "less relevant than historical reflection and living together in diverse democratic societies", according to the first report by the Observatory of History Teaching in Europe (OHTE), released on Thursday.
- Article in Publico Online (Portuguese only)
Le ministre de l’Éducation nationale Gabriel Attal a fait un aller-retour à Strasbourg ce vendredi pour participer à une réunion des ministres de l’Éducation des États membres du Conseil de l’Europe, sur l’éducation à la citoyenneté. L’enjeu est notamment d’apprendre aux jeunes générations à ne pas se faire piéger par des contenus manipulateurs sur internet.
Créé en 2020 au sein du Conseil de l’Europe, l’Observatoire de l’enseignement de l’histoire en Europe (OHTE) vient de publier son premier rapport thématique, qui porte sur les pandémies et catastrophes naturelles dans l’enseignement de l’histoire.
Created in 2020 within the Council of Europe, the Observatory for History Teaching in Europe (OHTE) has just published its first thematic report, which focuses on pandemics and natural disasters in history teaching.
Pandemics and natural disasters in human history seem to have had a significant impact on civilisations over the centuries. How well prepared are young people to understand these events in their historical dimension? A Council of Europe survey attempts to answer this question.
Council of Europe: Report of the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe. "Are young people prepared to understand pandemics and natural disasters?"
The first thematic report of the Observatory of History Teaching in Europe (Ohte) analyses how pandemics and natural disasters are taught at different levels.
Observatory of History Teaching in Europe, the future of history teaching
The past year has shown that historical debates can be used to fuel hatred, but that, when taught in all its complexity, history can actually help to ease conflict - as the Council of Europe's 70-year experience in this field shows.
Observatory on History Teaching in Europe: Annual Conference tackles future of history teaching
The past year has shown how historical arguments can be used to nurture hate, but when taught in all its complexity, history can in fact help appease conflicts – as the 70 years’ experience of the Council of Europe in the field has shown.
The Council of Europe awaits history teachers
The first OHTE report on the state of history teaching in Europe will present a general overview of how history is taught in its Member States based on reliable data and facts.
Council of Europe: Studying and Teaching History with a European Perspective Event in Strasbourg
To strengthen resilience against the manipulation and distortion of history and to promote peace and dialogue: these are the main objectives of the Observatory on the Teaching of History in Europe, established in November 2020 by the Council of Europe as an 'extended partial agreement' and led by Frenchman Alain Lamassoure.
- Article in Agensir.it (Italian only)
Romania should join the Obsevatory on History Teaching in Europe
Romania should become a member of the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe (OHTE), a pan-European institution established under the aegis of the Council of Europe, in 2020, says history professor Mihai Manea in an appeal sent to Edupedu.ro.
OHTE and HISTOLAB highlight
A short interview with Aurora Ailincai, Executive Director of the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe, aired on RTS (Radio Television of Serbia) in July 2022. The interview covers a brief overview of the HISTOLAB Joint Project of the European Union and Council of Europe, as well as the main activities of OHTE.
- Interview on the RTS website (minute 41' in the player)
History teaching and citizenship education in Europe. Interview with Piero Simeone Colla
Interview with Piero Simeone Colla (member of the OHTE Scientific Advisory Council) on the themes of teaching history in Europe, education for European citizenship, the instrumental use of historical discourse for propaganda purposes in some countries of the old continent and the role of technologies in learning.
The time has come to write a history of Europe
"We participated alongside Alain Lamassoure in the adventure of the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe that we called for in our book "Recovering a taste for the European adventure" in 2019."
Alain Lamassoure: "The re-emergence of populist and nationalist movements can be explained by the poor quality of history teaching"
In an interview with "Le Monde", Alain Lamassoure, Chair of the Observatory's Governing Board, former minister and MEP, calls for the teaching of values of peace and reconciliation and describes the teaching of history in Europe as a "field of ruins".
Teaching history in Europe can be a vaccination against war
"Our ambition is both precise and modest: to draw up an inventory under the aegis of a scientific council with irrefutable independence. To take a complete, accurate and indisputable picture of history teaching in Europe, both at the primary and secondary levels, so that comments and debates can then be initiated on identical bases."
It is a mistake to consider a Europe of defense exclusively from the point of view of its military capacity
"Fourth, learning history, or rather learning from history, which is too often manipulated or rewritten by the "victor" of the day to make it an instrument of indoctrination and hatred for generations. At the initiative of France, the Council of Europe - of which all the States of the Union are also members - has just created an Observatory on History Teaching. Structured as a "partial agreement", it includes only nine EU states out of 27. The adhesion of all of them becomes an emergency."
We need to know what happened in Europe in order to understand the Europe of today
“There is a difference between a national history and a nationalist history. History is always composed of facts and interpretation, and that interpretation is also influenced and coloured by specific contexts, be they national, local or regional,” says Gruden. “In principle, there’s nothing wrong with that. It’s in no way the ambition or the mandate of the Observatory to lead to some sort of harmonised history curriculum,” he added.
- Article in EURACTIV
- This article is part of the special report The importance of teaching Europe’s past.
Observatory on History Teaching in Europe is a Council of Europe priority shared by European Union
Launched during the French Presidency of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe (second half of 2019) and created in 2020, the “Observatory for History Teaching in Europe” is not concerned by the announcement made by President Emmanuel Macron during his speech on 9 December on the programme of the French Presidency of the Council of the European Union, says Frenchman Alain Lamassoure, president of the Observatory, in an interview given to EUROPE yesterday.
History at heart – Teaching Europe’s past can protect its future
How to teach history across Europe, and how it can contribute to a vibrant democratic culture was the question at the heart of a two day annual conference ‘History Education for a Democratic Europe’ last week, organised by the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe (OHTE).
- “History at heart – Teaching Europe’s past can protect its future”
- This article is part of the special report The importance of teaching Europe’s past.
Launched by Council of Europe, Observatory on History Teaching in Europe aims to go beyond national romances
The aim is to give force to the “Council of Europe’s outstanding recommendations and to consolidate the reconciliation that we have been able to create in Europe”, says Alain Lamassoure in this article published on the occasion of the first Annual Conference of the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe (Strasbourg 2-3 December 2021).
(Hi)story with the Observatory
This article introduces the Observatory of History Teaching in Europe to Russian readers and explains how it fits into national and global debates on history teaching.
The role of history teaching in democracy - the focus of a new Council of Europe initiative
Bulgarian News Agency
These two articles introduce the Observatory of History Teaching in Europe to Bulgarian readers and present the highlights of the first day of the OHTE Annual Conference (2-3 December 2021, Strasbourg and online).
Council of Europe: Observatory on History Teaching, education and critical thinking, antidotes to populism
In anticipation of the first annual conference of the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe (Strasbourg, 2-3 December 2021), SIR Information Agency explains the mission and objectives of the Observatory and presents the highlights of the conference.
- Consiglio d’Europa: Osservatorio sull’insegnamento della storia, istruzione e pensiero critico antidoti al populismo
- Consiglio d’Europa: Osservatorio sull’insegnamento della storia, prima conferenza annuale a Strasburgo
Europe and the challenge set by history
Fondation Robert Schuman
The development of history teaching in schools has gone hand in hand with the development of the nation state in the 19th century. Today, in a Europe at peace, and while the discipline has evolved, it is necessary to reflect on how to develop an awareness of belonging to a common European whole. In this article, Alain Lamassoure discusses Europe and the challenge set by history education and presents the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe.
Introducing the Observatory on History Teaching to the citizens of Strasbourg
The purpose of this article is to present the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe to the local public and to announce its first annual conference, which will be hosted in Strasbourg on 2-3 December 2021. The conference will provide an opportunity to present the mission and activities of this new institution of the Council of Europe.
The Council of Europe Observatory on History Teaching in the spotlight in the magazine L'Histoire
One year after the assassination of Samuel Paty, in homage to the history teacher he was, the French monthly magazine L'Histoire published a special issue in October 2021 presenting the reality of the profession today and the challenges facing history education. Interviewed by L'Histoire, Piero Colla, a member of the OHTE Scientific Advisory Council, draws up a picture of the different approaches to teaching history in Europe. Alain Lamassoure, Chair of the OHTE Governing Board, recalls the genesis and mission of the CoE Observatory on History Teaching.
"Here, we never talk about the past anymore"
In this article, Alain Lamassoure discusses the culture of silence around history and the challenges facing the Observatory on History Teaching.
The Observatory on History Teaching in Europe begins its expert work
"Teaching history in schools is the primary vehicle for the transmission of values. Education is an exclusive competence of the States, but this does not prevent the multiplication of exchanges of good practices. The need for such exchanges is all the more important as, at this very moment, in almost all our countries, history curricula are being revised and debates are taking place on the role of the discipline in the training of future citizens of our free, independent nations, attached to internal and external peace". Alain Lamassoure
An Observatory on History Teaching in Europe
For Italian readers, this article presents the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe and the context that made it necessary and feasible.
Populists are destroying cultural heritage
“The importance of culture and heritage for democracy has been recognised, in a negative sense, by those who want to undermine European institutions and the values that support them. Populism was fast - and quite effective – in distorting and overtaking the notion of culture, heritage and identity” - Snežana Samardžić-Marković, Director General of Democracy in the Council of Europe, for Novi Magazin.
Alain Lamassoure - Teaching history in Europe
Radio Judaica Strasbourg
Invited by RadioJudaica Strasbourg, Alain Lamassoure – Chair of the Governing Board of the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe presents in this podcast the origin of the idea of the Observatory and its future objectives and missions.
Europeans and their histories
“The primary objective of the Observatory is to carry out an in-depth state of play. The choice of content, the freedom of the teaching staff, the role of the academic body, the age at which history is taught vary considerably from one country to another. Moreover, history is not taught everywhere throughout the upper secondary level.”
Alain Lamassoure: "We have no idea about what is being taught in each European country"
« The objective of the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe is neither to produce a pan-European historical narrative, nor is it to provide states with instructions on didactics. The founding idea, launched within the Council of Europe, is to have better visibility over what is being done, and to make this image public »
Press review – launching of the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe
CoE Press Monitoring / Media Analysis
Several media (ANSA, SIR, EFE, La Vanguardia, Cadena SER, TASS, MIA, Večer, Altaveu) report that seventeen Council of Europe member states have decided to set up the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe.
According to the reports, the initiative, which was launched under the French Presidency of the Committee of Ministers, is established as an Enlarged Partial Agreement with the main purpose to collect information and make reports on how history is taught in the participating countries.
Teaching history is creating the preconditions for a sustainable peace
Twitter account - Ministère de l'Europe et des Affaires étrangères @francediplo
“We see that many of today's children, teenagers and high school students do not learn the history of Europe, the history of European reconciliation. Sometimes we even see that they learn a version of history that rather escalates tensions. This project is at the heart of our Presidency of the Council of Europe [...] in this context we believe […] that it is a promising future for the Europe of tomorrow to ensure that the historical landmarks, our roots are known to everyone. The idea is neither to write a European history, nor is it to write a common manual of history in Europe either, but rather to make sure that we know well the history of our neighbors across our continent."