9th Conference of the Council of Europe of Ministers Responsible for Spatial Planning (CEMAT)
Instruments for achieving rational use of land
Ankara, Turkey, 4-5 November 1991
In Ankara, the ministers responsible for regional planning adopted a resolution on the improvement of instruments for the rational use of land on the basis of the principles adopted in 1988 at the Lausanne Conference. Considering that many instruments for rational use of land have existed in each member state, but that the efficiency of each instrument depended on the political good-will to implement them, the conference:
- stressed that international co-operation to promote the exchange of information and experience, and research concerning the future possibilities of a balanced development and rational use of land at the European level, should be developed and examined;
- recommended the taking of all necessary steps to set up a legal and administrative framework which is indispensable for the improvement and efficiency of the instruments applied in the rational use of land;
- decided to co‑operate with the European Ministerial Conference for the Environment in the drafting of a framework convention on the land.
Another resolution was adopted, which relates to the new prospects for spatial planning at European level. Bearing in mind the significant changes in urban and peripheral areas in Europe, and the acknowledgement of balanced and sustainable development as a fundamental principle for planning and decision-making in the field of spatial planning at regional, national and European level, it was considered necessary:
- to draft guidelines which would help face Europe’s challenges at the dawn of the year 2000;
- to steer the work of the conference towards the search for suitable solutions for a sustainable and equitably distributed development;
- to examine those political reorientations likely to bring essential changes to guarantee an acceptable quality of life for future generations;
- to examine model behaviour which would permit reconciliation and co‑ordination concerning spatial planning.